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Li Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Li Z.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | Hou T.,Chongqing Medical University | Hou T.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | And 12 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part A | Year: 2015

In clinical practice, the prolonged duration, high cost, critical technique requirements, and ethical issues make the classical construction method of tissue-engineered bones difficult to apply widely. The major essentials in tissue engineering strategies include seed cells, growth factors, and scaffolds. This study aimed to incorporate these factors in a rapid and cost-effective manner. A self-assembly peptide/demineralized bone matrix (SAP/DBM) composite was artificially established and used for bone marrow enrichment via a selective cell retention approach. Then, goat mesenchymal stem cells (gMSCs) were seeded onto the SAP/DBM or DBM. The proliferation status of gMSCs in different scaffolds was analyzed, and the osteogenetic efficacy was evaluated after osteogenic induction. Bilateral critical-sized femoral defects (20-mm in length) were created in goats, and then the defects were implanted with the postenriched composite or DBM. Then, bone scan imaging, micro-computed tomography (CT) analysis and histological examination were performed to assess the reparative effects of the different implants. Compared with the DBM scaffolds, the growth of gMSCs in the postenriched SAP/DBM composite was faster and the expression levels of the osteo-specific genes (i.e., alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, osteopontin, and runt-related transcription factor 2) were significantly higher after 14 days of osteogenic induction. More importantly, the postenriched SAP/DBM composite significantly enhanced bone metabolic activity in the defect area compared with DBM at 2 and 4 weeks postoperation. Moreover, bone reconstruction was complete in marrow-enriched SAP/DBM composite, but not in the DBM. In addition, all of the osteo-related parameters, including the ratio of bone volume to total bone volume, bone mineral density, new trabecular number, and new trabecular thickness, were significantly higher in the marrow-enriched SAP/DBM than those in the DBM. These results indicated that the SAP/DBM composite held great potential for clinical applications; immediate implantation after marrow enrichment could be a new and effective strategy for treating bone defect. © Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2015.

Li Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Li Z.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | Hou T.,Chongqing Medical University | Hou T.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | And 11 more authors.
International Orthopaedics | Year: 2014

Purpose: This study focuses on nanoscale self–assembly peptides (SAP) modified demineralized bone matrix (DBM) which provided a more effective osteogenesis and regeneration for critically-sized femur defects in goats using the selective cell retention (SCR) strategy.Methods: RADA16–I peptide was used to modify DBM and formed a composite scaffold (SAP/DBM). The morphological change and dynamic expression of osteogenic genes of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from marrow in SAP/DBM was observed. The cells and factors in bone marrow were enriched into SAP/DBM by technology of selective cells retension (SCR). The construct was transplanted into 20-mm femur defects in goats and their osteogenesis was evaluated.Results: The SAP/DBM scaffold formed a three-dimensional interweaving nanofiber in pores of DBM. MSCs exhibited better morphology in SAP/DBM than that in only DBM, and the levels of expression of ALP ,OCN and Runx2 gene in SAP/DBM samples was significantly higher than that of DBM at 14 days in vitro (P < 0.05). Compared with marrow-enriched DBM, the volume of newly formed bone from marrow-enriched SAP/DBM is higher in goats (P < 0.05).Conclusion: Our study may not only have a significant impact on the construction method of tissue engineering but also provide a viable, simple and effective method for clinical bone construction. © 2014, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Hou T.,Chongqing Medical University | Hou T.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | Li Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Li Z.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | And 12 more authors.
Biomaterials | Year: 2014

The need for suitable bone grafts is high; however, there are limitations to all current graft sources, such as limited availability, the invasive harvest procedure, insufficient osteoinductive properties, poor biocompatibility, ethical problems, and degradation properties. The lack of osteoinductive properties is a common problem. As an allogenic bone graft, demineralized bone matrix (DBM) can overcome issues such as limited sources and comorbidities caused by invasive harvest; however, DBM is not sufficiently osteoinductive. Bone marrow has been known to magnify osteoinductive components for bone reconstruction because it contains osteogenic cells and factors. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow are the gold standard for cell seeding in tissue-engineered biomaterials for bone repair, and these cells have demonstrated beneficial effects. However, the associated high cost and the complicated procedures limit the use of tissue-engineered bone constructs. To easily enrich more osteogenic cells and factors to DBM by selective cell retention technology, DBM is modified by a nanoscale self-assembling peptide (SAP) to form a composite DBM/SAP scaffold. By decreasing the pore size and increasing the charge interaction, DBM/SAP scaffolds possess a much higher enriching yield for osteogenic cells and factors compared with DBM alone scaffolds. At the same time, SAP can build a cellular microenvironment for cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation that promotes bone reconstruction. As a result, a suitable bone graft fabricated by DBM/SAP scaffolds and bone marrow represents a new strategy and product for bone transplantation in the clinic. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Hou T.,Chongqing Medical University | Hou T.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | Wu Z.,Chongqing Medical University | Wu Z.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | And 12 more authors.
Journal of Surgical Research | Year: 2015

Background: The pathological fracture is a most important complication during bone cyst and can be prevented by early focus clearance and bone grafting. Tissue-engineered bone (TEB) with outstanding osteogenesis is a better choice for bone repair. Here, we firstly reported that TEB was used to heal bone cyst. Materials and methods: The clinical data were collected from 23 patients who received bone defect repair separately with TEB or allogeneic bone (Allo-B) after erasion during 2004-2008. Allo-B had been as a control. The healing time and healing quality, the incidence of complications, the safety, and the bone grafting failure rate were compared. Results: In TEB group, the follow-up time was 28 ± 15.48 months; nine cases were confirmed healed (3.45 ± 2.01 months), one case was cyst healing with defect, and one case had relapse. In Allo-B, 12 patients were followed up for 28.58 ± 20.44 months; seven cases were confirmed healed (6.75 ± 3.31 mo), four cases were cyst healing with defect, and one case had relapse. After operation, no statistically significant differences in bone healing and incidence of complications were observed between two groups, but the difference in bone healing time was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no else tumorigenesis in both groups. Conclusions: In treating simple bone cyst, Allo-B and TEB have considerable efficacy and safety; TEB is superior to Allo-B in respect of healing time; there is no rejection after TEB grafting but certain rejection after Allo-B grafting. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Luo K.,Chongqing Medical University | Luo K.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | Mei T.,Chongqing Medical University | Mei T.,Tissue Engineering Laboratory of Chongqing City | And 15 more authors.
Tissue Engineering - Part C: Methods | Year: 2016

Cell adhesion is an important property of biomaterials used in selective cell retention (SCR) technology, which fabricates bone grafts rapidly in clinical settings. This could be improved by physical and biologic manipulations. To facilitate retention of the cells on the scaffold, especially osteoprogenitors from bone marrow in the convenient SCR procedure, a lysine-cyclic RGD (LcRGD) peptide was here designed to coordinate positively charged amino acids and the RGD sequence to enhance the adhesion performance of the scaffold. Demineralized bone matrix (DBM) is an important therapeutic resource, but its cell adhesion ability and osteoinductive capacity are low because of its processing. These capabilities can be increased to enhance the performance of DBM when used in SCR technology. Here, LcRGD peptide was used to modify DBM and produce a DBM/LcRGD composite. This composite exhibited enhanced adhesion performance on cultured human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells and retained more osteoprogenitors from bone marrow than other materials did. The DBM/LcRGD composite displayed a preferable osteoinduction in vitro and osteogenic capacity in vivo. Thus, LcRGD peptide as a commendable modifier of DBM applied in SCR technology can improve bone transplantation. © Copyright 2016, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 2016.

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