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Norrtälje, Sweden

Ivarsson B.,Skane University Hospital | Ekmehag B.,TioHundra AB | Sjoberg T.,Skane University Hospital
European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing | Year: 2013

Background: Heart or lung recipients are taught about a new lifestyle, risk factors, medication, food restrictions and exercise so they can take an active role and responsibility for disease management after transplantation. However, little is known about patients' experiences of information and support in these situations. Objective: The aim of the study was to illuminate how patients, six months after a heart or lung transplantation, experienced the information and support they received in connection with the transplantation. Methods: Sixteen patients were included in the study, and interviews were analysed using a qualitative content analysis method. Results: The findings are presented in three themes: Alternating between gratitude and satisfaction and resignation, Striving to follow treatment strategies and Returning to a relatively normal life. The patients expressed gratitude when their health improved markedly but resignation when complications or side effects occurred due to the lack of information and support they received. Conclusions: Healthcare professionals can make specific improvements in the information they provide to patients to increase their preparedness. Information and support should be provided regularly so as to avoid non-adherence to essential guidelines. To return to a normal life, patients need support from healthcare organizations, families, employers and society in general. These findings should be taken into account in the clinical management of transplant patients, particularly those with dependent children or failing social networks. © 2012 The European Society of Cardiology.

Melas P.A.,Neurogenetics Unit | Rogdaki M.,Neurogenetics Unit | Osby U.,Neurogenetics Unit | Osby U.,TioHundra AB | And 3 more authors.
FASEB Journal | Year: 2012

Even though schizophrenia has a strong hereditary component, departures from simple genetic transmission are prominent. DNA methylation has emerged as an epigenetic explanatory candidate of schizophrenia's nonmendelian characteristics. To investigate this assumption, we examined genome-wide (global) and gene-specific DNA methylation levels, which are associated with genomic stability and gene expression activity, respectively. Analyses were conducted using DNA from leukocytes of patients with schizophrenia and controls. Global methylation results revealed a highly significant hypomethylation in patients with schizophrenia (P<2.0×10-6) and linear regression among patients generated a model in which antipsychotic treatment and disease onset explained 11% of the global methylation variance (adjusted R 2=0.11, ANOVA P<0.001). Specifically, haloperidol was associated with higher ("control-like") methylation (P=0.001), and early onset (a putative marker of schizophrenia severity) was associated with lower methylation (P=0.002). With regard to the gene-specific methylation analyses, and in accordance with the dopamine hypothesis of psychosis, we found that the analyzed region of S-COMT was hypermethylated in patients with schizophrenia (P=0.004). In summary, these data support the notion of a dysregulated epigenome in schizophrenia, which, at least globally, is more pronounced in early-onset patients and can be partly rescued by antipsychotic medication. In addition, blood DNA-methylation signatures show promise of serving as a schizophrenia biomarker in the future. © FASEB.

Fatouros-Bergman H.,Karolinska Institutet | Cervenka S.,Karolinska University Hospital | Flyckt L.,Karolinska Institutet | Edman G.,TioHundra AB | And 2 more authors.
Schizophrenia Research | Year: 2014

Cognitive deficits represent a significant characteristic of schizophrenia. However, a majority of the clinical studies have been conducted in antipsychotic drug treated patients. Thus, it remains unclear if significant cognitive impairments exist in the absence of medication. This is the first meta-analysis of cognitive findings in drug-naïve patients with schizophrenia. Cognitive data from 23 studies encompassing 1106 patients and 1385 controls published from 1992 to 2013 were included. Tests were to a large extent ordered in cognitive domains according to the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia (MATRICS) battery. Analysis was performed with STATA using the random-effects model and heterogeneity as well as Egger's publication bias was assessed. Overall the results show that patients performed worse than healthy controls in all cognitive domains with medium to large effect sizes. Verbal memory, speed of processing and working memory were three of the domains with the greatest impairments. The pattern of results is in line with previous meta-analytic findings in antipsychotic treated patients. The present meta-analysis confirms the existence of significant cognitive impairments at the early stage of the illness in the absence of antipsychotic medication. © 2014 The Authors.

Westman J.,Karolinska Institutet | Hallgren J.,Karolinska Institutet | Wahlbeck K.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | Erlinge D.,Lund University | And 3 more authors.
BMJ Open | Year: 2013

Objective: To estimate the cardiovascular mortality among persons with bipolar disorder in Sweden compared to the general population. Design: Population register-based cohort study with a 20-year follow-up. Setting: Sweden. Participants: The entire population of Sweden (n=10.6 million) of whom 17 101 persons were diagnosed with bipolar disorder between 1987 and 2006. Main outcome measures: Mortality rate ratios (MRR), excess mortality (excess deaths), cardiovascular disorder (CVD) and specifically cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease, acute myocardial infarction, sudden cardiac deaths and hospital admission rate ratio (ARR). Results: Persons with bipolar disorder died of CVD approximately 10 years earlier than the general population. One third (38%) of all deaths in persons with bipolar disorder were caused by CVD and almost half (44%) by other somatic diseases, whereas suicide and other external causes accounted for less than a fifth of all deaths (18%). Excess mortality of both CVD (n=824) and other somatic diseases (n=988) was higher than that of suicide and other external causes (n=675 deaths). MRRs for cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease and acute myocardial infarction were twice as high in persons with bipolar disorder compared to the general population. Despite the increased mortality of CVD, hospital admissions (ARR) for CVD treatment were only slightly increased in persons with bipolar disorder when compared to the general population. Conclusions: The increased cardiovascular mortality in persons with bipolar disorder calls for renewed efforts to prevent and treat somatic diseases in this group. Specifically, our findings further imply that it would be critical to ensure that persons with bipolar disorder receive the same quality care for CVD as persons without bipolar disorder.

Askelsdottir B.,Karolinska Institutet | Jonge W.L.D.,Karolinska Institutet | Edman G.,TioHundra AB | Wiklund I.,Karolinska Institutet
Midwifery | Year: 2013

Objective: to compare early discharge with home care versus standard postpartum care in terms of mothers' sense of security; contact between mother, newborn and partner; emotions towards breast feeding; and breast-feeding duration at one and three months after birth. Design: retrospective case-control study. Setting: a labour ward unit in Stockholm, Sweden handling both normal and complicated births. Participants: 96 women with single, uncomplicated pregnancies and births, and their healthy newborns. Intervention: early discharge at 12-24 hours post partum with 2-3 home visits during the first week after birth. The intervention group consisted of women who had a normal vaginal birth (. n=45). This group was compared with healthy controls who received standard postnatal care at the hospital (. n=51). Instruments: mothers' sense of security was measured using the Parents' Postnatal Sense of Security Scale. Contact between mother, child and father, and emotions towards breast feeding were measured using the Alliance Scale, and breast-feeding rates at one and three months post partum were recorded. Findings: women in the intervention group reported a greater sense of security in the first postnatal week but had more negative emotions towards breast feeding compared with the control group. At three months post partum, 74% of the newborns in the intervention group were fully breast fed versus 93% in the control group (. p=0.021). Contact between the mother, newborn and partner did not differ between the groups. Conclusion: early discharge with home care is a feasible option for healthy women and newborns, but randomised controlled studies are needed to investigate the effects of home care on breast-feeding rates. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

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