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Prasad K.V.,Bangalore University | Vajravelu K.,University of Central Florida | Datti P.S.,Tifr Center For Applicable Mathematics
International Journal of Thermal Sciences | Year: 2010

The influence of temperature-dependent fluid properties on the hydro-magnetic flow and heat transfer over a stretching surface is studied. The stretching velocity and the transverse magnetic field are assumed to vary as a power of the distance from the origin. It is assumed that the fluid viscosity and the thermal conductivity vary as an inverse function and linear function of temperature, respectively. Using the similarity transformation, the governing coupled non-linear partial differential equations are transformed into coupled non-linear ordinary differential equations and are solved numerically by the Keller-Box method. The governing equations of the problem show that the flow and heat transfer characteristics depend on five parameters, namely the stretching parameter, viscosity parameter, magnetic parameter, variable thermal conductivity parameter, and the Prandtl number. The numerical values obtained for the velocity, temperature, skin friction, and the Nusselt number are presented through graphs and tables for several sets of values of the parameters. The effects of the parameters on the flow and heat transfer characteristics are discussed. © 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved. Source


Prasad K.V.,Bangalore University | Vajravelu K.,University of Central Florida | Datti P.S.,Tifr Center For Applicable Mathematics
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics | Year: 2010

This article presents a numerical solution for the steady two-dimensional mixed convection MHD flow of an electrically conducting viscous fluid over a vertical stretching sheet, in its own plane. The stretching velocity and the transverse magnetic field are assumed to vary as a power function of the distance from the origin. The temperature dependent fluid properties, namely, the fluid viscosity and the thermal conductivity are assumed to vary, respectively, as an inverse function of the temperature and a linear function of the temperature. A generalized similarity transformation is introduced to study the influence of temperature dependent fluid properties. The transformed boundary layer equations are solved numerically, using a finite difference scheme known as Keller Box method, for several sets of values of the physical parameters, namely, the stretching parameter, the temperature dependent viscosity parameter, the magnetic parameter, the mixed convection parameter, the temperature dependent thermal conductivity parameter and the Prandtl number. The numerical results thus obtained for the flow and heat transfer characteristics reveal many interesting behaviors. These behaviors warrant further study of the effects of the physical parameters on the flow and heat transfer characteristics. Here it may be noted that, in the case of the classical Navier-Stokes fluid flowing past a horizontal stretching sheet, McLeod and Rajagopal (1987) [42] showed that there exist an unique solution to the problem. This may not be true in the present case. Hence we would like to explore the non-uniqueness of the solution and present the findings in the subsequent paper. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Vajravelu K.,University of Central Florida | Prasad K.V.,Bangalore University | Datti P.S.,Tifr Center For Applicable Mathematics
Journal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME | Year: 2013

In this paper, we investigate the influence of temperature-dependent fluid properties on the flow and heat transfer characteristics of an electrically conducting dusty fluid over a stretching sheet. Temperature-dependent fluid properties are assumed to vary as a function of the temperature. The governing coupled nonlinear partial differential equations along with the appropriate boundary conditions are transformed into coupled, nonlinear ordinary differential equations by a similarity transformation. The resultant coupled highly nonlinear ordinary differential equations are solved numerically by a second order implicit finite difference scheme known as the Keller-Box method. The numerical solutions are compared with the approximate analytical solutions, obtained by a perturbation technique. The analysis reveals that even in the presence of variable fluid properties the transverse velocity of the fluid is to decrease with an increase in the fluid-particle interaction parameter. This observation holds even in the presence of magnetic field. Furthermore, the effects of the physical parameters on the fluid velocity, the velocity of the dust particle, the density of the dust particle, the fluid temperature, the dust-phase temperature, the skin friction, and the wall-temperature gradient are assessed through tables and graphs. © 2012 American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Source


Prasad K.V.,Bangalore University | Datti P.S.,Tifr Center For Applicable Mathematics | Vajravelu K.,University of Central Florida
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer | Year: 2010

We consider the steady state, viscous, incompressible two-dimensional magneto hydrodynamic flow of an electrically conducting power law fluid over a vertical stretching sheet. The stretching of the surface velocity and the prescribed surface temperature are assumed to vary linearly with the distance from the slit. The coupled partial differential equations governing the flow and heat transfer are transformed into non-linear coupled ordinary differential equations by a similarity transformation. The transformed boundary layer equations are solved numerically by Keller-Box method for several sets of values of the parameters governing the flow and heat transfer. The flow and heat transfer characteristics are analysed and discussed for different values of the parameters. We observe that the local skin friction coefficient and the local Nusselt number decrease as the magnetic parameter Mn increase for fixed value of the buoyancy parameter λ. The results obtained reveal many interesting behaviors that warrant further study of the equations related to non-Newtonian fluid phenomena, especially the shear-thinning phenomena. Shear thinning reduces the wall shear stress. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Prasad K.V.,Bangalore University | Vajravelu K.,University of Central Florida | Datti P.S.,Tifr Center For Applicable Mathematics | Raju B.T.,Bangalore University
Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics | Year: 2013

In this paper, the effects of variable thermal conductivity and thermal radiation on the MHD flow and heat transfer of a non-Newtonian power-law liquid film at a horizontal porous sheet in the presence of viscous dissipation is studied. The governing time dependent boundary layer equations are transformed to coupled, non-linear ordinary differential equations with power-law index, unsteady parameter, film thickness, magnetic parameter, injection parameter, variable thermal conductivity parameter, thermal radiation parameter, the Prandtl number and the Eckert number. These coupled non-linear equations are solved numerically by an implicit, finite difference scheme known as the Keller box method. The obtained numerical results for velocity and temperature profiles are presented graphically. Also, the obtained results of our study for some special cases are compared with the previously published results, and the results are found to be in very good agreement. The effects of unsteady parameter on the skin friction, wall- temperature gradient and the film thickness are explored for different values of the power-law index and the magnetic parameter. The results obtained reveal many interesting behaviors that warrant further study of the equations related to non-Newtonian fluid phenomena, especially the shear-thinning phenomena. Source

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