Cosenza G.,Tierklinik Dr. Reif |
Reif U.,Tierklinik Dr. Reif |
Martini F.M.,University of Parma
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2015
Objective: To report clinical experiences with the tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) procedure in small breed dogs with cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease using specific, conically coupled, 1.9/2.5 mm locking plates and evaluating short-term complications and outcome. Methods: Medical records of small breed dogs (<15 kg) that underwent TPLO using 1.9/2.5 mm locking plates were reviewed retrospectively. The preoperative, postoperative and six to eight weeks postoperative tibial plateau angle (TPA) measurements were determined from the radiographic images. Lameness evaluation was assessed subjectively preoperatively and six to eight weeks postoperatively. Results: Sixty-nine small breed dogs (n = 79 stifles) were included in the study. Mean (± SD) preoperative TPA was 29.0 ± 3.4°, postoperative TPA was 5.8 ± 2.5°, and six to eight weeks postoperative TPA was 7.3 ± 4.1°. Sixteen complications occurred in 12 out of 79 TPLO procedures: three were intraoperative (intra-articular screw placement) and 13 were postoperative complications, of which nine were identified as minor complications not requiring surgical reintervention, and four as major complications requiring additional surgical intervention, including tibial tuberosity fracture (n = 1), osteomyelitis (n = 1), screw failure (n = 1), and plate breakage (n = 1). Lameness scores by clinical assessment reduced from a median value of 3/4 preoperatively to 1/4 at six to eight weeks postoperatively. Clinical significance: 1.9/2.5 mm locking plates appear to be a valid choice of implant for the stabilization of unilateral TPLO in small breed dogs. © 2015 Schattauer.
Fischer A.,Justus Liebig University |
Binder E.,Justus Liebig University |
Reif U.,Tierklinik Dr. Reif |
Biel M.,Justus Liebig University |
And 2 more authors.
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology | Year: 2012
Objectives: To describe fluoroscopically assisted percutaneous placement of 2.4 mm cannulated screws for fixation of artificially induced sacroiliac luxations in cats, and to evaluate the success of this technique in restoration of normal pelvic anatomy. Methods: Fluoroscopically assisted closed reduction and percutaneous fixation of sacroiliac luxations using 2.4 mm cannulated screws was performed in cadavers of 12 cats. Pre- and postoperative radiographs and postoperative computed tomographic scans were used to evaluate screw placement, screw purchase within the sacral body, reduction of the sacroiliac joint, pelvic canal diameter ratio, and hemipelvic canal width ratio. Results: Mean total surgical time was 6 minutes and 10 seconds ± 53 seconds and mean total time of fluoroscopic screening for each procedure was 44 seconds ± 6 seconds. Mean percent of reduction was 98.33% and mean screw purchase within the sacral body was 73%. Eleven out of 12 screws were placed in a satisfactory location in the sacral body. Pelvic canal diameter ratio and hemipelvic canal width ratio indicated successful restoration of the pelvic anatomy. Clinical significance: Our results confirm that fluoroscopically assisted percutaneous placement of 2.4 mm cannulated screws is a feasible technique for fixation of sacroiliac luxations in cats. Mechanical properties of this fixation technique need to be evaluated before the use in clinical patients. © Schattauer 2012.