Tianjin Union Medical Center
Tianjin Union Medical Center
Xu B.,Tianjin Union Medical Center |
Yu L.,Tianjin Union Medical Center |
Zhao L.-Z.,Research Institute of Anal and Colorectal Disease of Tianjin City
American Journal of Translational Research | Year: 2017
The therapy for the advanced colon cancer (Cca) is unsatisfactory currently. To regulate the immune effector cell function has shown a positive effect on the treatment of advanced cancers. This study tests a hypothesis that administration with curcumin converts the Cca patient-derived regulatory T cells (Treg) to T helper (Th) 1 cells. In this study, a group of patients with advanced Cca was recruited into this study. The patients were treated with curcumin. The peripheral Tregs and Th1 cells were assessed by flow cytometry. The results showed that, after the curcumin therapy, the forkhead box protein (Foxp) 3 positive Treg frequency was markedly reduced, the frequency of Th1 cells was significantly increased in Cca patients. Treating with curcumin repressed the Foxp3 gene transcription in Tregs; the Tregs were then converted into Th1 cells. The results also revealed that Foxp3 bound T-bet to prevent IFN-γ expression in CD4+ T cells, which was abolished by treating with curcumin. In conclusion, the administration of curcumin can convert Tregs to Th1 cells via repressing Foxp3 expression and enhancing IFN-γ production. © 2017, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.
Pan Z.,Tianjin Union Medical Center
Chinese journal of traumatology = Zhonghua chuang shang za zhi | Year: 2014
OBJECTIVE: To summarize our experience in surgical treatment of traumatic lower limb pseudoaneurysm.METHODS: Twenty patients with traumatic lower limb pseudoaneurysm were surgically treated in our department from January 2007 to January 2012. The treatment protocols included interventional covered-stent placement (10 cases), spring coil embolization (2 cases), and surgical operation (8 cases). Surgical operations included pseudoaneurysm repair (2 cases), autologous-vein transplantation (1 case), and artificial-vessel bypass graft (5 cases).RESULTS: All the patients were successfully treated without aggravating lower limb ischemia. Pseudoaneurysm disappeared after treatment. A surgical operation is suitable to most pseudoaneurysms, but its damage is relatively obvious and usually leads to more bleeding. It also requires a longer operating time. Compared to a surgical operation, interventional therapy is less traumatic and patients usually have a quicker recovery (P<0.05). All patients were followed up once per month for 12-36 months by color Doppler ultrasound examination. There were no cases of pseudoaneurysm recurrence.CONCLUSION: Both surgical operation and interventional therapy are safe and effective in the treatment of pseudoaneurysm.
Yang J.-X.,Tianjin Union Medical Center |
Chen L.,Tianjin Union Medical Center
Parkinson's Disease | Year: 2017
Background and Objective. Parkinson's Disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, which is prevalent in people over 65 years old. PD reduces patients' quality of life and exerts a heavy economic burden on patients and their families. The purpose of this research is to identify the costs of PD and to evaluate the economic distribution of medical care for PD patients in China. Methods. A professional survey was administered to 116 patients with PD. Records of medical cost were reviewed. Direct and indirect costs were analyzed. The main cost-driving factors of PD were identified using multivariate regression analysis. Results. The average annual cost per PD patient in China is $3,225.94, with direct and indirect costs accounting for $2,503.46 and $722.48, respectively. Direct costs consist of $556.27 for surgery, $44.67 for appointment fees, $605.67 for prescription medication, $460.29 for hospitalization, $71.03 for auxiliary examination, $35.64 for transportation, $10.39 for special equipment, and $719.50 for formal care. The total cost is closely related to surgical treatment, dopamine agonist, and levodopa costs. Conclusion. The cost of PD patients in China is considerable and exceeds average economic capacity, especially antiparkinson medication and caring costs. This study may provide a reference for PD healthcare optimization in the future. © 2017 Jun-Xiu Yang and Lei Chen.
Gu J.,Tianjin Medical University |
Gu J.,Tianjin Union Medical Center |
Zhu S.,Tianjin Union Medical Center |
Li X.,Tianjin Medical University |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014
Background: Amifostine is the most clinical used chemical radioprotector, but its effect in patients treated with radiation is not consistent. Methods: By searching Medline, CENTRAL, EMBASE, ASCO, ESMO, and CNKI databases, the published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about the efficacy of amifostine in HNSCC patients treated with radiotherapy were collected. The pooled efficacy and side effects of this drug were calculated by RevMan software. Results: Seventeen trials including a total of 1167 patients (604 and 563 each arm) were analyzed in the meta-analysis. The pooled data showed that the use of amifostine significantly reduce the risk of developing Grade3-4 mucositis (relative risk [RR],0.72; 95% confidence interval [CI],0.54-0.95; p<0.00001), Grade 2-4 acute xerostomia (RR,0.70; 95%CI,0.52-0.96; p = 0.02), or late xerostomia (RR,0.60; 95%CI,0.49-0.74; p,0.00001) and Grade 3-4 dysphagia (RR,0.39; 95%CI,0.17-0.92; p= 0.03). However, subgroup analysis demonstrated that no statistically significant reduction of Grade3-4 mucositis (RR,0.97; 95% CI,0.74-1.26; p = 0.80), Grade 2-4 acute xerostomia (RR,0.35; 95%CI,0.02-5.44; p = 0.45), or late xerostomia (RR,0.40; 95%CI,0.13-1.24; p = 0.11) and Grade 3-4 dysphagia (RR,0.23; 95%CI,0.01-4.78; p = 0.35) was observed in patients treated with concomitant chemoradiotherapy. Compared with placebo or observation, amifostine does not show tumor protective effect in complete response (RR,1.02; 95%CI,0.89-1.17; p = 0.76) and partial response (RR,0.90; 95%CI, 0.56-1.44; p = 0.66). For the hematologic side effect, no statistical difference of Grade 3-4 leucopenia (RR,0.60; 95%CI,0.35-1.05; p = 0.07), anemia (RR,0.80; 95%CI, 0.42-1.53; p = 0.50) and thrombocytopenia (RR,0.43; 95%CI,0.16-1.15; p = 0.09) were found between amifostine and control groups. The most common amifostine related side effects were nausea, emesis, hypotension and allergic with an average incidence rate (Grade 3-4) of 5%, 6%, 4% and 4% respectively. Conclusion: This systematic review showed that amifostine significantly reduce the serious mucositis, acute/late xerastomia and dysphagia without protection of the tumor in HNSCC patients treated with radiotherapy. And the toxicities of amifostine were generally acceptable. © 2014 Gu et al.
Chu D.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Zhang Z.,Tianjin Union Medical Center |
Zhou Y.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Wang W.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
And 5 more authors.
Annals of Oncology | Year: 2011
Background: Aberrantly activated Notch signaling has been shown to play a key role in carcinogenesis and progression of various human malignancies. In this study, we investigated the expression of Notch1 and Notch2 in colorectal cancer to determine whether they could serve as prognostic predictors. Patients and methods: The protein expression of Notch1 and Notch2 was examined by immunohistochemistry in 1003 clinical colorectal cancer specimens. Notch1 and Notch2 protein levels were investigated by immunohistochemistry. Statistical analysis was carried out to assess their prognostic value. Results: Significantly negative correlation between Notch1 and Notch2 was found in colorectal cancer (P < 0.001). Notch1 and Notch2 were proved to be inversely correlated with tumor differentiation, depth of invasion, lymph node metastases, distant metastasis, TNM (tumor-node-metastasis) stage and survival of patients, suggesting opposite function of the two receptors. Notch1 and Notch2 were proved to be adverse independent prognostic predictors (P < 0.001). Moreover, a synergistic effect of positive Notch1 and negative Notch2 coexpression on predicting poor overall survival was proved. Conclusions: Notch1 and Notch2 may be independent adverse prognostic predictors for patients with colorectal cancer. These results would contribute to identify more efficient prognostic predictors and therapeutic targets. The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology.
Cui C.,Tianjin Haihe Hospital |
Sun X.,Tianjin Haihe Hospital |
Zhang J.,Tianjin Haihe Hospital |
Han D.,Tianjin Haihe Hospital |
Gu J.,Tianjin Union Medical Center
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2014
Objective: The serum level of Cyfra21-1 was always elevated in patients with nonsmall cell lung carcinoma. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the serum Cyfra21-1 as a biomarker in the diagnosis of nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods: All the articles associated with serum Cyfra21-1 in the diagnosis of NSCLC were searched in the PubMed, Medline, and CNKI databases. The number of patients for true positive, false positive, false negative and true negative were extracted from each individual study. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive likely hood ratio (+lr), negative likely hood ratio (-lr), diagnosis odds ratio (dor) and summary receiver operating characteristic (sroc) curve were calculated by MetaDiSc 1.4 software.Results: After searching the databases, 17 studies with 4221 subjects were met the inclusion criteria and finally included in this meta-analysis. The pooled diagnosis sensitivity, specificity, +lr, -lr and dor were 0.72 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.70-0.73), 0.94 (95%CI: 0.93-0.95), 8.81 (95%CI: 6.36-12.22), 0.42 (95%CI: 0.32-0.55) and 22.57 (95%CI: 13.89-36.68) respectively. The area under the sroc curve was 0.95. And significant publication bias was found in this meta-analysis (P = 0.049).Conclusion: With published data, the serum Cyfra21-1 was a useful biomarker for diagnosis of NSCLC.
Wang W.H.,Tianjin Union Medical Center
Clinical nuclear medicine | Year: 2013
A 74-year-old man with right upper eyelid swell accepted FDG PET/CT examination, which showed an intensely FDG-avid soft tissue nodular mass within the eyelid. It was suggestive of malignancy. There was no evidence of active neoplastic disease elsewhere. The nodule was excised by surgery. Histopathological findings showed characteristic findings of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. This case highlights the utility of FDG PET/CT in identifying rare types of lymphoma.
Zheng D.-J.,Weifang Peoples Hospital |
Yu G.-H.,Weifang Peoples Hospital |
Gao J.-F.,Weifang Peoples Hospital |
Gu J.-D.,Tianjin Medical University |
Gu J.-D.,Tianjin Union Medical Center
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2013
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is considered to be one of the key driver genes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Several clinical trials have shown great promise of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the first-line treatment of NSCLC. Many advances have been made in the understanding of EGFR signal transduction network and the interaction between EGFR and tumor microenvironment in mediating cancer survival and development. The concomitant targeted therapy and radiation is a new strategy in the treatment of NSCLC. A number of preclinical studies have demonstrated synergistic anti-tumor activity in the combination of EGFR inhibitors and radiotherapy in vitro and in vivo. In the present review, we discuss the rationale of the combination of EGFR inhibitors and radiotherapy in the treatment of NSCLC.
Zhang Z.,Tianjin Union Medical Center
Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] | Year: 2012
To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment of acute mesenteric ischemia. Forty-two patients with acute mesenteric ischemia from June 2007 to November 2011 were reviewed retrospectively. All patients were diagnosed with DSA and (or) CT and (or) surgery. In this group, there were 32 cases of acute occlusion of meseteric ischemia (AOMI), 9 cases of superior mesenteric venous thrombosis (SMVT) and 1 case of non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia. The patients were treated using comprehensive treatment including early intervention treatment and application of the principle of damage control. The survival of all patients was followed up for 6 months or more in outpatient. (1) Of the 32 AOMI cases, 4 cases healing by systemic anticoagulation; The 19 cases received interventional treatment, including 10 cases received simply interventional treatment, surgery after the failure of intervention in 5 cases, 3 patients died without surgery and postoperative interventional treatment one cases were cured; Eight cases received surgery treatment; One case gave up. (2) Of the 9 SMVT cases, 2 cases healing by systemic anticoagulation; The 6 cases received interventional treatment, including 1 cases received simply interventional treatment, surgery after the failure of intervention in 1 cases, 4 cases to consider intestinal necrosis received interventional treatment again after surgery; One patient died without treatment. (3) Eight cases received delay abdomen close treatment with the principle of damage control surgery. The overall mortality rate of 23.8% (10/42). Interventional treatment of 26 cases, 4 deaths, a mortality rate of 15.3%; The abdomen delayed close of 8 cases, 1 death. The results show that early diagnosis and treatment is critical to reduce AMI mortality. Comprehensive treatment of early intervention treatment and application of the principle of damage control can significantly reduce the mortality of AMI.
Zhang H.,Tianjin Union Medical Center
Journal of radiation research | Year: 2013
Ionizing radiation (IR) causes not only acute tissue damage but also residual bone marrow (BM) suppression. The induction of residual BM injury is primarily attributable to the induction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) pressure in hematopoietic cells. In this study, we examined if SB431542, a transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) inhibitor, can mitigate IR-induced BM suppression in vitro. Our results showed that treatment with SB431542 protected mice bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNCs), hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) and hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) from IR-induced suppression using cell viability assays, clonogenic assays and competitive repopulation assays. Moreover, expression of gene-related ROS production in hematopoietic cells was analyzed. The expression of NOX1, NOX2 and NOX4 was increased in irradiated BMMNCs, and that of NOX2 and NOX4 was reduced by SB431542 treatment. Therefore, the results from this study suggest that SB431542, a TGFβ1 inhibitor, alleviates IR-induced BM suppression at least in part via inhibiting IR-induced NOX2 and NOX4 expression.