Zhong X.,Tianjin Chengjian University |
Li J.,Tianjin Institute of Geotechnical Investigation and Surveying |
Li J.,Tianjin StarGIS Information Engineering Company Ltd |
Dou H.,Tianjin Institute of Geotechnical Investigation and Surveying |
And 14 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013
Currently, remote sensing technologies were widely employed in the dynamic monitoring of the land. This paper presented an algorithm named fuzzy nonlinear proximal support vector machine (FNPSVM) by basing on ETM+ remote sensing image. This algorithm is applied to extract various types of lands of the city Da'an in northern China. Two multi-category strategies, namely "one-against-one" and "one-against-rest" for this algorithm were described in detail and then compared. A fuzzy membership function was presented to reduce the effects of noises or outliers on the data samples. The approaches of feature extraction, feature selection, and several key parameter settings were also given. Numerous experiments were carried out to evaluate its performances including various accuracies (overall accuracies and kappa coefficient), stability, training speed, and classification speed. The FNPSVM classifier was compared to the other three classifiers including the maximum likelihood classifier (MLC), back propagation neural network (BPN), and the proximal support vector machine (PSVM) under different training conditions. The impacts of the selection of training samples, testing samples and features on the four classifiers were also evaluated in these experiments. © 2013 Zhong et al.