Guo H.,Tianjin Medical University |
Tian X.,Tianjin Medical University |
Li R.,General Hospital of Dagang Oilfield |
Lin J.,Tianjin Municipal Peoples Hospital |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Diabetes Investigation | Year: 2014
Aims/Introduction: The purpose of the study was to determine the feasibility and effect of a reward-based, task-setting strategy for low-income outpatients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: Indigent diabetes outpatients without glucometers were eligible to participate in this trial. A total of 132 cases were randomly recruited. Participants in group B used glucometers for self-monitoring at no cost. Group A participants could keep the glucometers only if the glycosylated hemoglobin level declined compared with the baseline visit; for those not achieving a reduction in the glycosylated hemoglobin level, the glucometers would have to be returned. Group C served as the control group without self-monitoring setout. Diabetes education was provided to all groups. Metabolic indices and self-management were evaluated after 6 months of follow up. Results: Group A had a significant decline in the glycosylated hemoglobin level (-0.97%) and medical costs (-159 yuan) compared with the baseline visit, whereas groups B and C had a decrease in the glycosylated hemoglobin levels alone (-0.62 and -0.57%, respectively). The body mass index did not change significantly in any group. There was a statistical difference in the glycosylated hemoglobin level of group A compared with groups B and C. Self-management in group A improved the outcome relative to groups B and C. Conclusions: This preliminary evidence suggests that the program is feasible, acceptable for improving patient self-management, and cost-effective in reducing the glycosylated hemoglobin level and medical costs. © 2013 The Authors.
Ji N.,Tianjin Municipal Peoples Hospital |
Sun Z.-H.,Tianjin Municipal Peoples Hospital |
Jiang Z.-H.,Tianjin Municipal Peoples Hospital |
Zhang Y.,Tianjin Municipal Peoples Hospital |
And 2 more authors.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research | Year: 2014
BACKGROUND: Hip arthroplasty and internal fixation are presently effective therapeutic methods in treatment of femoral neck fracture in the elderly. However, which method can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications remains controversial. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the reoperation, postoperative complications and 1-year and 2-year mortality after hip arthroplasty and internal fixation in the elderly with femoral neck fracture. METHODS: Pubmed/Medline, EMBASE, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were retrieved by computer for articles published before May 2013. Systematic review on randomized controlled trials of hip arthroplasty versus internal fixation for femoral neck fractures in the elderly was conducted using the Cochrane Collaboration’s RevMan 5.2 software. Outcome measures included reoperation, main complications related to the surgery and mortality. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Six published randomized controlled trials of nine literatures containing 1 496 cases were involved in this review. Meta-analysis results indicated that reoperation rate was greater in the internal fixation group within and more than 2 years after the surgery compared with the hip arthroplasty group (P < 0.000 01). Compared with hip arthroplasty group, internal fixation significantly increased the main complications related to the surgery [OR=8.79, 95%CI(6.50-11.88), P < 0.000 01]. No significant difference in 1-year and 2-year mortality after surgery was detected between the internal fixation and hip arthroplasty groups [OR=0.85, 95%CI(0.66-1.11), P=0.23; OR=0.88, 95%CI(0.70-1.10), P=0.27]. These data suggested that the long-term reoperation rate and incidence of main complications were obviously higher in internal fixation compared with hip arthroplasty for femoral neck fracture in the elderly, and no significant difference in 1-year and 2-year mortality after the surgery was detectable between the two methods. Clinical recommended hip arthroplasty in the repair of femoral neck fracture in the elderly. © 2014, Journal of Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research. All Rights Reserved.