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Wang L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Yang W.,Xian Jiaotong University | Peng X.,Xian Jiaotong University | Li D.,Xian Jiaotong University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Biomechanics

The contact mechanics of artificial metal-on-polyethylene hip joints are believed to affect the lubrication, wear and friction of the articulating surfaces and may lead to the joint loosening. Finite element analysis has been widely used for contact mechanics studies and good agreements have been achieved with current experimental data; however, most studies were carried out with idealist spherical geometries of the hip prostheses rather than the realistic worn surfaces, either for simplification reason or lacking of worn surface profile. In this study, the worn surfaces of the samples from various stages of hip simulator testing (0 to 5 million cycles) were reconstructed as solid models and were applied in the contact mechanics study. The simulator testing results suggested that the center of the head has various departure value from that of the cup and the value of the departure varies with progressively increased wear. This finding was adopted into the finite element study for better evaluation accuracy. Results indicated that the realistic model provided different evaluation from that of the ideal spherical model. Moreover, with the progressively increased wear, large increase of the contact pressure (from 12 to 31. MPa) was predicted on the articulating surface, and the predicted maximum von Mises stress was increased from 7.47 to 13.26. MPa, indicating the marked effect of the worn surface profiles on the contact mechanics of the joint. This study seeks to emphasize the importance of realistic worn surface profile of the acetabular cup especially following large wear volume. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Peng X.,Xian Jiaotong University | Wang L.,Xian Jiaotong University | Yang W.,Xian Jiaotong University | Zhao Y.,Shandong Weigao Orthopedic Device Co. | And 6 more authors.
Hsi-An Chiao Tung Ta Hsueh/Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University

Compared with the gravimetric method, geometric method in terms of coordinate measurement (CMM) is endowed with advantage of direct determining wear volume and distribution on the articulating surfaces of artificial hip prostheses. The current volumetric measurement usually requires more measuring points and computational cost to surpass the limitations of bad repeatability and low accuracy. A new method of CMM measurement is proposed for collecting density of data adapted to the surface profile of worn area, controlling and optimizing probe contact angle and reconstructing calculative socket on the same region with better measuring accuracy and relatively lower calculating cost. UHMWPE cups are chosen to validate this approach. The results show that the repeatability error of volume evaluation is reduced by 49.3% with half as much as measurement cost for previous method and the accuracy is improved by 32.4%-46.7%, a correlation (R2=0.9228) exists between the new method and gravimetric method, showing its effectiveness, and the developed method enables to reconstruct the worn surface with detailed distribution. Source

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