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Zhang B.,Academy of Military Medical science | Zhang B.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Risk Assessment | Ji M.,Tianjin University | Qiu Z.,Academy of Military Medical science | And 6 more authors.
Bioresource Technology | Year: 2011

The evolution of a microbial community was investigated during sludge granulation using a wide range of micro-scale and molecular biology techniques. Experimental results demonstrate that polyphosphate-accumulating granules were successfully cultured during the anaerobic/aerobic cycle. Improvement in sludge sedimentation performance occurred prior to the formation of granular sludge and was not affected by change in granule size. Rod-shaped and filamentous bacteria appeared to initiate granule formation and generate the structures that supported further granule growth. It was observed that mature granules supported microbial populations that differed from nascent granules and were predominantly packed with coccoid bacteria. It was further observed that the diversity of the granular microbial community increased as the granules grew. Accumulibacter, Nitrosospira and Thauera were mainly responsible for nutrient removal while microorganisms such as Rhodocyclus and Hyphomicrobiaceae appeared to be primarily responsible for forming and maintaining the granule structure. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

Zhou H.,Institute of Hygienic and Environmental Medicine | Zhou H.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Risk Assessment | Gao Z.,Institute of Hygienic and Environmental Medicine | Gao Z.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Risk Assessment | And 8 more authors.
Analytical Letters | Year: 2010

A piezoelectric crystal biosensor method has been established for detection of listeria monocytogenes (LM) by gold nanoparticles (GNPs) signal amplification. Based on specific recognition of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) hybridization, a sandwich format of ssDNA probes/complimentary ssDNA probes modified by GNPs/ssDNA of LM was fabricated. This novel strategy allows the detection limit of LM as low as 10 cfu/mL. The biosensor showed friendly biocompatibility, good specificity, acceptable stability, which provided a potential alternative tool for detection of LM in real samples. Furthermore, the developed method could be easily extended to other gene analysis schemes. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

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