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Xu Z.-W.,Central University of Costa Rica | Chen X.,Tianjin Key Laboratory for Biomarkers of Occupational and Environmental Hazard | Jin X.-H.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Target Organ Injury | Meng X.-Y.,Tianjin University | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2016

Hypoxic status alters the energy metabolism and induces cell injury in cardiomyocytes, and it further triggers the occurrence and development of cardiovascular diseases. Our previous studies have shown that salidroside (SAL) exhibits anti-hypoxic activity. However, the mechanisms remain obscure. In the present study, we successfully screened 92 different expression proteins in CoCl2-induced hypoxic conditions, 106 different expression proteins in the SAL-mediated anti-hypoxic group were compared with the hypoxic group using quantitative proteomics strategy, respectively. We confirmed that SAL showed a positive protective function involving the acetyl-CoA metabolic, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle using bioinformatics analysis. We also demonstrated that SAL plays a critical role in restoring the TCA cycle and in protecting cardiomyocytes from oxidative injury via up-regulation expressions of PDHE1-B, ACO2, SUCLG1, SUCLG2 and down-regulation of MDH2. SAL also inhibited H9c2 cell apoptosis by inhibiting the activation of pro-apoptotic molecules caspase 3 and caspase 9 as well as activation of the anti-apoptotic molecular Bcl-2. Additionally, SAL also improved mitochondrial membrane potential (δΨm), reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and intercellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) accumulation and inhibited the excessive consumption of ATP in H9c2 cells. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. Source


Jiang T.,Tianjin University | Jiang T.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Target Organ Injury | Zhang G.,Tianjin University | He W.,Tianjin University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Nanomaterials | Year: 2014

Due to the advantage of controllability on the mechanical property and the degradation rates, electrospun PCL/PTMC nanofibrous scaffold could be appropriate for vascular tissue engineering. However, the tissue response and degradation of electrospun PCL/PTMC scaffold in vivo have never been evaluated in detail. So, electrospun PCL/PTMC scaffolds with different blend ratios were prepared in this study. Mice subcutaneous implantation showed that the continuous degradation of PCL/PTMC scaffolds induced a lasted macrophage-mediated foreign body reaction, which could be in favor of the tissue regeneration in graft. © 2014 Tao Jiang et al. Source


Cao B.,Chinese Peoples Armed Police forces Academy | Chen H.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Target Organ Injury | Gao Y.,Chinese Peoples Armed Police forces Academy | Niu C.,Chinese Peoples Armed Police forces Academy | And 2 more authors.
International Journal of Molecular Medicine | Year: 2015

The need to overcome cancer multidrug resistance (MDR) has fueled considerable interest in the development of novel synthetic antitumor agents with cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines with MDR. In this study, we aimed to investigate CIP-36, a novel podophyllotoxin derivative, for its inhibitory effects on human cancer cells from multiple sources, particularly cells with MDR in vitro. The human leukemia cell line, K562, and the adriamycin-resistant subline, K562/A02, were exposed to CIP-36 or anticancer agents, and various morphological and biochemical properties were assessed by Hoechst 33342 staining under a fluorescence microscope. Subsequently, cytotoxicity, cell growth curves and the cell cycle were analyzed. Finally, the effects of CIP-36 on topoisomerase IIα (Topo IIα) activity were determined. Treatment with CIP-36 significantly inhibited the growth of the K562 and MDR K562/A02 cells. Our data demonstrated that CIP-36 induced apoptosis, inhibited cell cycle progression and inhibited Topo IIα activity. These findings suggest that CIP-36 has the potential to overcome the multidrug resistance of K562/A02 cells by mediating Topo IIα activity. Source


Li H.,Tianjin University | Li H.,Tianjin Key Laboratory for Prevention and Control of Occupational and Environmental Hazard | Fan R.,Tianjin University | Sun M.,Tianjin University | And 4 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2013

Nspc1 is an identified transcription repressor. However, transiently up-regulated or down-regulated Nspc1 in P19 embryonal carcinoma cells affects expression levels of Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog in a positive correlation. Luciferase activity assays verified that Nspc1 regulates the Oct4 promoter in a dose dependent manner. ChIP assay shows that Nspc1 activates Oct4 by directly binding to the (-1021 to -784) region of Oct4 promoter. Dominant negative analysis indicated the activation is dependent on the retinoid acid response element (RARE). We demonstrated Nspc1 has a positive role in maintaining the pluripotency of P19 cells by directly regulating Oct4. © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Source


Ji W.-J.,Peoples Care | Ji W.-J.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Target Organ Injury | Ma Y.-Q.,Peoples Care | Ma Y.-Q.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Target Organ Injury | And 14 more authors.
Journal of Immunological Methods | Year: 2014

The mononuclear phagocyte system, including circulating monocytes and tissue resident macrophages, plays an important role in acute lung injury and fibrosis. The detailed dynamic changes of mononuclear phagocytes in the circulating, lung alveolar and interstitial compartments in bleomycin-induced pulmonary injury model have not been fully characterized. The present study was designed to address this issue and analyzed their relationships with pulmonary pathological evolution after bleomycin challenge. A total of 100 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided to receive bleomycin (2.5mg/kg, n=50) or normal saline (n=50) via oropharyngeal approach, and were sacrificed on days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21. Circulating monocyte subsets, polarization state of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF)-derived alveolar macrophages (AMφ) and lung interstitial macrophages (IMφ, derived from enzymatically digested lung tissue) were analyzed by flow cytometry. There was a rapid expansion of circulating Ly6Chi monocytes which peaked on day 3, and its magnitude was positively associated with pulmonary inflammatory response. Moreover, an expansion of M2-like AMφ (F4/80+CD11c+CD206+) peaked on day 14, and was positively correlated with the magnitude of lung fibrosis. The polarization state of IMφ remained relatively stable in the early- and mid-stage after bleomycin challenge, expect for an increase of M2-like (F4/80+CD11c-CD206+) IMφ on day 21. These results support the notion that there is a Ly6Chi-monocyte-directed pulmonary AMφ alternative activation. Our result provides a dynamic view of mononuclear phagocyte change in three compartments after bleomycin challenge, which is relevant for designing new treatment strategies targeting mononuclear phagocytes in this model. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

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