An Y.,Agro Environmental Protection Institute |
An Y.,Key Laboratory of Production Environment |
An Y.,Tianjin Key Laboratory of Agro environment |
Zhang K.,Agro Environmental Protection Institute |
And 11 more authors.
Desalination | Year: 2011
Membrane fouling is a critical problem for efficient commercialization of nanofiltration plants. A nano-MgO/GAC (Granular Activated Carbon) process was investigated the feasibility of using as pre-treatment for nanofiltration. Based on the results obtained, nano-MgO could decrease 51% of Permanganate Index (CODMn), 60% of the ultraviolet absorbance at 254nm (UVA254), and more than 99% of colony counts within 6h. The pH increased to about 10.30 within only 0.5h and then kept stable in the system containing nano-MgO. In addition, adding GAC led to less organic matters (remaining 4.74mg·L-1 versus 6.80mg·L-1) and bacteria (13CFU·mL-1 versus 15CFU·mL-1) relative to using nano-MgO only. Furthermore, almost all nano-MgO could be adsorbed by the GAC column. The pH value of the effluents from the nano-MgO and GAC was 10.18 and 10.20, respectively, while that of the effluent after KH2PO4 adjustment could keep about 7.10. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.