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Gao J.,Tsinghua University | Ma Y.,Nankai University | Sun Y.,CAS Institute of Biophysics | Zhao H.,Tianjin Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine | And 3 more authors.
Acta Crystallographica Section F: Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications | Year: 2012

BRI1-associated kinase 1 (BAK1) is a member of the plant receptor-like kinase (RLK) superfamily. BAK1 has been shown to initiate brassinosteroid (BR) signalling and innate immune responses in plants by forming receptor complexes with both brassinosteroid-insensitive 1 (BRI1) and flagellin-sensing 2 (FLS2). To gain a better understanding of the structural details and the mechanism of action of the BAK1 kinase domain, recombinant BAK1 cytoplasmic domain has been expressed, purified and crystallized at 291 K using PEG 3350 as a precipitant. A 2.6 Å resolution data set was collected from a single flash-cooled crystal at 100 K. This crystal belonged to space group C2, with unit-cell parameters a = 70.3, b = 75.6, c = 71.9 Å, β = 93.1°. Assuming the presence of one molecule in the asymmetric unit, the Matthews coefficient was 2.6 Å 3 Da -1. © 2012 International Union of Crystallography All rights reserved. Source

Hao J.,Nankai University | Hao J.,Tianjin Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine | Li W.,Tianjin Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine | Dan J.,Nankai University | And 9 more authors.
Journal of Proteomics | Year: 2013

Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), derived from somatic cells and functionally very similar to embryonic stem cells (ESCs), are at the center stage of intense research in regenerative medicine. We carried out the first membrane proteomic profiling of mouse iPSCs, in comparison with ESCs and adult mouse tail tip fibroblasts (TTFs) from which iPSCs were generated. Using a proteomic workflow combining membrane fractionation, SDS-PAGE separation and nanoUPLC-MSE technology, we identified 673, 679 and 682 non-redundant proteins from mouse iPSC, ESC and TTF membrane fractions, respectively. Label-free quantitation revealed 155 reprogramming-associated and 128 pluripotency-associated transmembrane proteins. Furthermore, a small group of 23 membrane proteins mainly involved in amino acid/glucose/ion transport, membrane fusion and vesicular trafficking were found potentially regulated between miPSCs and mESCs. Expression changes of selected proteins were verified by qPCR, western blot and/or immunofluorescence analyses in a wider array of cell types. Notably, epithelial cell adhesion molecules, glucose transporters 1 and 3, transferrin receptor and several nuclear membrane-associated components were highly expressed in both iPSCs and ESCs, relative to TTFs. Moreover, knock-down of glucose transporter 3 in ESCs impaired the beating function of ESC-derived cardiomyocytes, suggesting its potential role in mediating stem cell differentiation. © 2013. Source

Zhang L.,Nankai University | Liu S.,Nankai University | Liu S.,Tianjin Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine | Liu N.,Nankai University | And 9 more authors.
Protein and Cell | Year: 2014

ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6), a predominantly cytoplasmic protein deacetylase, participates in a wide range of cellular processes through its deacetylase activity. However, the diverse functions of HDAC6 cannot be fully elucidated with its known substrates. In an attempt to explore the substrate diversity of HDAC6, we performed quantitative proteomic analyses to monitor changes in the abundance of protein lysine acetylation in response to HDAC6 deficiency. We identified 107 proteins with elevated acetylation in the liver of HDAC6 knockout mice. Three cytoplasmic proteins, including myosin heavy chain 9 (MYH9), heat shock cognate protein 70 (Hsc70), and dnaJ homolog subfamily A member 1 (DNAJA1), were verified to interact with HDAC6. The acetylation levels of these proteins were negatively regulated by HDAC6 both in the mouse liver and in cultured cells. Functional studies reveal that HDAC6-mediated deacetylation modulates the actin-binding ability of MYH9 and the interaction between Hsc70 and DNAJA1. These findings consolidate the notion that HDAC6 serves as a critical regulator of protein acetylation with the capability of coordinating various cellular functions. © 2014, The Author(s). Source

Zhou H.,Nankai University | Zhou H.,Tsinghua University | Sun Y.,CAS Institute of Biophysics | Wang Y.,Tianjin Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine | And 13 more authors.
Protein and Cell | Year: 2013

Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), a member of the Phlebovirus genus from the Bunyaviridae family endemic to China, is the causative agent of life-threatening severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS), which features high fever and hemorrhage. Similar to other negative-sense RNA viruses, SFTSV encodes a nucleocapsid protein (NP) that is essential for viral replication. NP facilitates viral RNA encapsidation and is responsible for the formation of ribonucleoprotein complex. However, recent studies have indicated that NP from Phlebovirus members behaves in inhomogeneous oligomerization states. In the present study, we report the crystal structure of SFTSV NP at 2.8 Å resolution and demonstrate the mechanism by which it processes a ringshaped hexameric form to accomplish RNA encapsidation. Key residues essential for oligomerization are identified through mutational analysis and identified to have a significant impact on RNA binding, which suggests that correct formation of highly ordered oligomers is a critical step in RNA encapsidation. The findings of this work provide new insights into the discovery of new antiviral reagents for Phlebovirus infection. © 2013 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Source

Chen X.,Nankai University | Li L.,Nankai University | Chen S.,Nankai University | Xu Y.,Nankai University | And 11 more authors.
Analytical Chemistry | Year: 2013

Mass spectrometry-based platforms have gained increasing success in discovery of ligands bound to therapeutic targets as drug candidates. We established both a nanoelectrospray ionization mass spectrometry (nanoESI-MS) assay and an ultrafiltration liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) assay to identify new ligands for New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1), responsible for worldwide antibiotic resistance. To alleviate nonspecific binding of hydrophobic compounds and eliminate false positives typically encountered in the indirect LC/MS-based assay, we introduced a blocking protein in the control, which remarkably enhances the selectivity and accuracy of the indirect approach. Side-by-side comparison of the two MS-based approaches for the first time further reveals unique advantages of the indirect approach, including better reproducibility and tolerance of interference. Moreover, the success of fishing out a potent ligand from a mixture of small-molecule fragments demonstrates great potential of the indirect LC/MS-based approach for constructing a robust screening platform against combinatorial libraries or natural product extracts. More importantly, by combining the results of MS-based analyses, enzymatic activity assay, competition experiments, and structural simulation, we discovered a new compound as a promising drug candidate targeting NDM-1. © 2013 American Chemical Society. Source

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