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Ursu H.I.,Ci Parhon Institute Of Endocrinology Thyroid Disease
Acta Endocrinologica | Year: 2012

The spectrum of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) during fetal life includes increased perinatal mortality, increased infant mortality, stillbirths, congenital anomalies, spontaneous abortions and endemic cretinism (severe mental retardation). Evaluation of the impact of iodine deficiency on perinatal mortality is justified by the presence of an increased perinatal mortality in the spectrum of IDD and highly elevated of both the prevalence of iodine deficiency and perinatal mortality in some areas (as like sub - Saharian Africa). Regarding human rights, "every child has the right to an adequate supply of iodine to ensure his (or her) normal development"; of particular importance in this context is the right of the unborn child to an appropriate iodine intake. Whatever the roles of other factors, the available data clearly show that correction of iodine deficiency per se substantially decreases neonatal and infant mortality. During 2013 (ten years after implementation of universal salt iodization in Romania), we intend to evaluate median urinary iodine concentration in pregnant women from endemic goiter areas.

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