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Reims, France

Raverot V.,East Center for Biology and Pathology | Bournaud C.,East Hospital Group GHE | Sassolas G.,Thyroid Cancer Registry | Orgiazzi J.,South Hospital Group GHS | And 6 more authors.
Thyroid | Year: 2012

Background: Iodine deficiency (ID) remains common in Europe, and may be especially detrimental during pregnancy. The aim of our study was to assess iodine status and thyroid function in healthy pregnant women in the Lyon metropolitan area. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, healthy pregnant women (n=228) with no history of thyroid disease were consecutively recruited from an obstetric clinic during all trimesters. Thyrotropin (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies, thyroglobulin (Tg), and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) (n=100) were measured. Thyroid functions were compared with those in a control group of nonpregnant adults. Results: The median (range) UIC was 81 (8-832) μg/L, and 77% of pregnant women had a UIC <150 μg/L, indicating inadequate iodine intake. Overall, 11% of women had abnormal TSH or anti-TPO. The median FT4 (pmol/L) was 14.9, 12.6, and 11.5 in the first, second, and third trimesters, respectively. The median Tg in pregnant women was 16.2 μg/L, did not differ across trimesters, and was significantly higher than in the control group of nonpregnant adults (11.7 μg/L) (p=0.02). Controlling for maternal age and week of gestation, UIC was not a significant predictor of any of the thyroid function tests. Conclusions: Pregnant women in the Lyon area are iodine deficient and have increased serum Tg concentrations compared with nonpregnant controls, likely due to physiological thyroid hyperstimulation during gestation exacerbated by ID. © Copyright 2012, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Schvartz C.,Thyroid Cancer Registry | Bonnetain F.,Institute Jean Godinot | Bonnetain F.,Biostatistics and Epidemiological Unit EA 4184 | Dabakuyo S.,Thyroid Cancer Registry | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism | Year: 2012

Context: American Thyroid Association and European Thyroid Association guidelines cannot recommend for or against radioactive iodine (RAI) ablation after surgery in low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients. Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the survival benefit of RAI for these patients. Design: We identified 1298 DTC patients at low risk treated between 1975 and 2005. Logistic regressions were used to identify variables associated to RAI and to calculate the propensity score to receive RAI after surgery. We compared overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) according to RAI with the log-rank tests and univariate and multivariate Cox analyses. Analyses stratified on propensity score were also performed. Results: Median follow-up was 10.3yr. Nine hundred eleven patients received RAI after surgery vs. 387 patients without RAI after surgery. Using univariate analysis, 10-yr OS was found to be 95.8% in patients without RAI after surgery vs. 94.6% in RAI after surgery (P = 0.006), and 10-yr DFS was found to be 93.1% vs. 88.7% (P = 0.001). All clinical factors except sex were significantly associated with RAI. Using multivariate Cox analyses, RAI was neither significantly nor independently associated with OS (P = 0.243) and DFS (P = 0.2659). After stratification on propensity score, Cox univariate analyses showed that OS did not differ according to RAI (P = 0.3524), with a hazard ratio for RAI of 0.75 (95% confidence interval 0.40-1.38). Similarly, DFS did not differ (P = 0.48) with a stratified univariate hazard ratio of 1.11 (95% confidence interval 0.73-1.70). Conclusion: With a long-term follow-up of 10.3 yr, we failed to prove any survival benefit of RAI after surgery in a large cohort of low-risk DTC patients. Copyright © 2012 by The Endocrine Society.

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