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Gingold-Belfer R.,Rabin Medical Center | Gingold-Belfer R.,Tel Aviv University | Peled N.,Tel Aviv University | Peled N.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | And 9 more authors.
Digestive Diseases and Sciences | Year: 2014

Background: Little is known concerning the relationship of disease activity and sleep disturbances in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and specifically in patients with Crohn's disease. Aim: This study examined the prevalence of poor sleep quality in patients with active and inactive Crohn's disease compared with healthy controls. Methods: Participants included 108 patients with Crohn's disease attending the IBD clinic of a tertiary medical center in 2009-2010 and 36 healthy volunteers. All prospectively completed a demographic questionnaire and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI). Patients with Crohn's disease completed the Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) and were divided into two groups accordingly: inactive disease (CDAI ≤150) and active disease (CDAI >150). Data on disease duration, medications, complications, and treatment were collected from the medical files. Results: Seventy-one patients had inactive Crohn's disease and 37 had active disease. All three groups were similar in mean age, sex distribution, and body mass index. Mean duration of Crohn's disease was 10.22 ± 8.6 years; 40 patients (37 %) had ileal disease, 16 (15 %) colonic disease, and 56 (50 %) ileo-colonic disease. Patients with active disease had a significantly higher mean ± SD global score on the PSQI (8.6 ± 2.4; indicating poorer sleep quality) than patients with inactive disease (4.6 ± 1.9) or control subjects (5.1 ± 1.7) (p < 0.0001 for both), with no significant difference between the inactive-disease and control groups. The correlation between the CDAI and PSQI scores was statistically significant (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Impaired sleep quality is associated with active Crohn's disease, but not inactive disease. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.


Peled N.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | Peled N.,Aurora University | Barash O.,Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute | Tisch U.,Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute | And 8 more authors.
Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine | Year: 2013

We report on a new concept for profiling genetic mutations of (lung) cancer cells, based on the detection of patterns of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from cell membranes, using an array of nanomaterial-based sensors. In this in-vitro pilot study we have derived a volatile fingerprint assay for representative genetic mutations in cancer cells that are known to be associated with targeted cancer therapy. Five VOCs were associated with the studied oncogenes, using complementary chemical analysis, and were discussed in terms of possible metabolic pathways. The reported approach could lead to the development of novel methods for guiding treatments, so that patients could benefit from safer, more timely and effective interventions that improve survival and quality of life while avoiding unnecessary invasive procedures. Studying clinical samples (tissue/blood/breath) will be required as next step in order to determine whether this cell-line study can be translated into a clinically useful tool. From the Clinical Editor: In this novel study, a new concept for profiling genetic mutations of (lung) cancer cells is described, based on the detection of patterns of volatile organic compounds emitted from cell membranes, using an array of nano-gold based sensors. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.


Nardi-Agmon I.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | Abud-Hawa M.,Russell Berrie Nanotechnology Institute | Liran O.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | Gai-Mor N.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | And 8 more authors.
Journal of Thoracic Oncology | Year: 2016

Introduction: The Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) serve as the accepted standard to monitor treatment efficacy in lung cancer. However, the time intervals between consecutive computerized tomography scans might be too long to allow early identification of treatment failure. This study examines the use of breath sampling to monitor responses to anticancer treatments in patients with advanced lung cancer. Methods: A total of 143 breath samples were collected from 39 patients with advanced lung cancer. The exhaled breath signature, determined by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and a nanomaterial-based array of sensors, was correlated with the response to therapy assessed by RECIST: complete response, partial response, stable disease, or progressive disease. Results: Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis identified three volatile organic compounds as significantly indicating disease control (PR/stable disease), with one of them also significantly discriminating PR/stable disease from progressive disease. The nanoarray had the ability to monitor changes in tumor response across therapy, also indicating any lack of further response to therapy. When one-sensor analysis was used, 59% of the follow-up samples were identified correctly. There was 85% success in monitoring disease control (stable disease/partial response). Conclusion: Breath analysis, using mainly the nanoarray, may serve as a surrogate marker for the response to systemic therapy in lung cancer. As a monitoring tool, it can provide the oncologist with a quick bedside method of identifying a lack of response to an anticancer treatment. This may allow quicker recognition than does the current RECIST analysis. Early recognition of treatment failure could improve patient care. © 2016 International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Pekar-Zlotin M.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | Pekar-Zlotin M.,Tel Aviv University | Hirsch F.R.,Aurora University | Soussan-Gutman L.,Teva Pharmaceutical Industries | And 17 more authors.
Oncologist | Year: 2015

Background. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved method for detecting EML4-ALK rearrangement is fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH); however, data supporting the use of immunohistochemistry(IHC) for that purpose are accumulating. Previous studies that compared FISH and IHC considered FISH the gold standard, but none compared data with the results of next-generation sequencing (NGS) analysis. Materials and Methods. We studied FISH and IHC (D5F3 antibody) systematically for EML4-ALK rearrangement in 51 lung adenocarcinoma patients, followed by NGS in case of discordance. Results. Of 51 patients, 4 were positive with FISH (7.8%), and 8 were positive with IHC (15.7%). Three were positive with both. NGS confirmed that four of the five patients who were positive with IHC and negative with FISH were positive for ALK. Two were treated by crizotinib, with progression-free survival of 18 and 6 months. Considering NGS as the most accurate test, the sensitivity and specificity were 42.9% and 97.7%, respectively, for FISH and 100% and 97.7%, respectively, for IHC. Conclusion.The FISH-based method of detecting EML4-ALK rearrangement in lung cancer may miss a significant number of patients who could benefit from targeted ALK therapy. Screening for EML4-ALK rearrangement by IHC should be strongly considered, and NGS is recommended in borderline cases.Two patients who were negative with FISH and positive with IHC were treated with crizotinib and responded to therapy. © AlphaMed Press 2015.


Shavit R.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | Ilouze M.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | Ilouze M.,Davidoff Cancer Center | Feinberg T.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center | And 4 more authors.
Cellular Oncology | Year: 2015

Introduction: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. Radiation therapy plays a key role in its treatment. Ionizing radiation induces cell death through chromosomal aberrations, which trigger mitotic catastrophe and apoptosis. However, many lung cancer patients show resistance to radiation. Dichloroacetate (DCA) is a small molecule that can promote mitochondrial activation by increasing the influx of pyruvate. Here, we tested whether DCA may increase the sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells to radiation through this mechanism. Methods: Two representative NSCLC cell lines (A549 and H1299) were tested for their sensitivity to radiation with and without pre-exposure to DCA. The treatment efficacy was evaluated using a clonogenic survival assay. An extracellular flux analyzer was used to assess the effect of DCA on cellular oxygen consumption as a surrogate marker for mitochondrial activity. Results: We found that DCA increases the oxygen consumption rate in both A549 and H1299 cells by 60 % (p = 0.0037) and 20 % (p = 0.0039), respectively. Pre-exposure to DCA one hour before radiation increased the cytotoxic death rate 4-fold in A549 cells (55 to 13 %, p = 0.004) and 2-fold in H1299 cells (35 to 17 %, p = 0.28) respectively, compared to radiation alone. Conclusion: Mitochondrial induction by DCA may serve as a radio-sensitizer in non-small cell lung cancer. © 2015, International Society for Cellular Oncology.


Attia S.,Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center
Harefuah | Year: 2012

This article describes a rare presentation of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung, mimicking an ectopic pregnancy secreting beta-hCG protein in a 47 year old female smoker, who was treated with Methotrexate and subsequently curettage, tubectomy and right ovariectomy, because of suspected hydatidiform mole. This document presents a rare and chaotic case of lung cancer and reviews the differential diagnosis of an increased level of the beta-hCG marker and the therapeutic approach to these cases.


PubMed | Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center
Type: Case Reports | Journal: Harefuah | Year: 2012

This article describes a rare presentation of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung, mimicking an ectopic pregnancy secreting beta-hCG protein in a 47 year old female smoker, who was treated with Methotrexate and subsequently curettage, tubectomy and right ovariectomy, because of suspected hydatidiform mole. This document presents a rare and chaotic case of lung cancer and reviews the differential diagnosis of an increased level of the beta-hCG marker and the therapeutic approach to these cases.


PubMed | Thoracic Cancer Research and Detection Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Nanomedicine : nanotechnology, biology, and medicine | Year: 2013

We report on a new concept for profiling genetic mutations of (lung) cancer cells, based on the detection of patterns of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from cell membranes, using an array of nanomaterial-based sensors. In this in-vitro pilot study we have derived a volatile fingerprint assay for representative genetic mutations in cancer cells that are known to be associated with targeted cancer therapy. Five VOCs were associated with the studied oncogenes, using complementary chemical analysis, and were discussed in terms of possible metabolic pathways. The reported approach could lead to the development of novel methods for guiding treatments, so that patients could benefit from safer, more timely and effective interventions that improve survival and quality of life while avoiding unnecessary invasive procedures. Studying clinical samples (tissue/blood/breath) will be required as next step in order to determine whether this cell-line study can be translated into a clinically useful tool.In this novel study, a new concept for profiling genetic mutations of (lung) cancer cells is described, based on the detection of patterns of volatile organic compounds emitted from cell membranes, using an array of nano-gold based sensors.

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