Biswas-Tortajada A.L.,Third World Center for Water Management
International Journal on Hydropower and Dams | Year: 2012
Malaysia has made considerable progress in making the water service industry a sustainable sector and delivering continuous and affordable access to safe water. Reforms have led to the establishment of an independent national regulator and the use of innovative financing mechanisms to raise inexpensive, long-term and competitive capital. In five of the country's states, a 'cost plus' approach has been followed, to put in place a more transparent and fair pricing mechanism, while consulting with stakeholders. Losses have been reduced, water quality improved, billing efficiency and accuracy improved, and customer service enhanced. Other advancements include licensing, which now protects customers against irregularities in water quality and effluence compliance. Bhutan represents a good reference point for other countries seeking to harness their hydro potential, and build a strong sector and excellent inter-country cooperation.
Biswas A.K.,Third World Center for Water Management
International Journal of Water Resources Development | Year: 2011
Management of transboundary water bodies has been a difficult process all over the world, especially in rivers where water allocation between the co-basin countries is an important issue. Discussion on the management of such water bodies in Latin America is significantly less confrontational and accusatory when compared to most similar Asian and African bodies. Information and data sharing in Latin America is also less of a problem compared to other parts of the developing world. Whereas considerable progress has been made in managing transboundary rivers, commensurate progress on aquifers is lacking. Methodology on how to reliably forecast the impacts of interventions on such water bodies has yet to be developed, especially because of national interests, multiplicity of institutions involved, and the capacities and modus operandi. © 2011 Taylor & Francis.
Tortajada C.,Third World Center for Water Management
International Journal of Water Resources Development | Year: 2014
Infrastructure is essential for development, but by itself it will not contribute to improving the quality of life of millions of people unless it is part of an overall framework for development, economic growth, social equity and environmental protection. As mentioned by Nobel laureate Amartya Sen, the absence of infrastructure has a pervasive influence on poverty, but at the same time is not a free-standing factor in lifting people from it. The focus should thus not be on physical infrastructure per se but on infrastructure as a driver for growth and sustainable development. This requires more comprehensive institutional, legal, regulatory, policy and management frameworks than the ones existing at present. © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
Tortajada C.,Third World Center for Water Management
Journal of Hydrologic Engineering | Year: 2015
Dams have become an integral part of basic infrastructure by offering indispensable benefits like irrigation, hydropower, domestic and industrial water supply, flood control, drought mitigation, navigation, fish farming, and recreation. As controversial as they have been during the last decades due to negative social and environmental impacts, the limited and uneven distribution of water at the global level has made the world realize that more dams, mostly large dams, are needed if development is to be promoted and if basic human needs are to be covered. Overall, it has been global dynamics in terms of water, energy (including trade aspects), food, and climate securities that has recasted the role of dams triggering massive investment on construction and modernization of multiple projects all over the world. It is thus fundamental to continue improving project planning and implementation to avoid unnecessary social and environmental costs. This paper discusses the role of dams on development, hydropower as the main source of renewable energy, the potential it holds to promote regional development, resettlement as the most critical factor still facing construction of large dams, and the role an entirely new group of actors are having in investment of dam projects at the national, regional, and global levels. © 2014 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Biswas A.K.,Third World Center for Water Management |
Tortajada C.,Institute of Water Policy
International Journal of Water Resources Development | Year: 2010
One development can be predicted with complete certainty; the world in 2030 will be significantly different from what it is in 2010. Water governance, which is a broad concept, must also adopt to these changes. While there are no usable indicators for water governance that exist at present, some general indicators for governance of individual countries are available. These are of limited value for the water profession. It is argued that at least 10 to 12 good, independent and objective case studies of good water governance would be very useful to learn what were the enabling environment and critical factors that contributed to their success and could allow others to significantly improve their current practices and processes. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.