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Hu P.-H.,Nanchang University | Gao G.-P.,Nanchang University | Yu Y.,Third Hospital of Nanchang City | Pei C.-G.,Nanchang University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of International Medical Research | Year: 2015

Objectives: To determine the typical corneal changes in pure microphthalmia using a corneal topography system and identify characteristics that may assist in early diagnosis. Methods: Patients with pure microphthalmia and healthy control subjects underwent corneal topography analysis (Orbscan IIZ® Corneal Topography System; Bausch and Lomb, Bridgewater, NJ, USA) to determine degree of corneal astigmatism (mean A), simulation of corneal astigmatism (sim A), mean keratometry (mean K), simulated keratometry (sim K), irregularities in the 3 - and 5-mm zone, and mean thickness of nine distinct corneal regions. Results: Patients with pure microphthalmia (n = 12) had significantly higher mean K, sim K, mean A, sim A, 3.0 mm irregularity and 5.0 mm irregularity, and exhibited significantly more false keratoconus than controls (n = 12). There was a significant between-group difference in the morphology of the anterior corneal surface and the central curvature of the cornea. Conclusions: Changes in corneal morphology observed in this study could be useful in borderline situations to confirm the diagnosis of pure microphthalmia. © The Author(s) 2015. Source

Zhang C.,Capital Medical University | Zhen Y.-Z.,Hebei United University | Lin Y.A.-J.,Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | Liu J.,Third Hospital of Nanchang City | And 3 more authors.
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2014

KNDC1 (kinase noncatalytic C-lobe domain containing 1), a brain-specific Ras guanine nucleotide exchange factor, controls the negative regulation of neuronal dendrite growth. However, the effect of KNDC1 on cellular senescence remains to be elucidated. The present study investigated the impact of KNDC1 knockdown on human endothelial cell senescence and the mechanisms underlying this effect. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) cultured in vitro were used as a model of biological aging. Senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining was used to detect cellular senescence and flow cytometry was employed to determine cell cycle progression. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and western blot analysis were utilized to investigate mRNA transcription and protein expression. In the HUVECs, a senescence-like phenotypes developed with increasing passage number in vitro, which were associated with a progressive increase in the transcription and expression of KNDC1. KNDC1 knockdown promoted cell proliferation and partially reversed cellular senescence and cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase in aging HUVECs. Investigations into the mechanism underlying this effect demonstrated that KNDC1 knockdown promoted HUVEC proliferation via the extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling pathway and delayed HUVEC senescence by inhibiting the p53-p21-p16 transduction cascade. In addition, the promotion of the capillary tube network formation and the increased expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase revealed that the activity and function of endothelial cells were enhanced. In conclusion, KNDC1 knockdown delayed endothelial cell senescence and promoted HUVEC activity and function. These results demonstrated that KNDC1 may be a novel therapeutic target for the development of agents to extend human life. Source

Hu G.,Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | Liu J.,Third Hospital of Nanchang City | Zhen Y.-Z.,Hebei United University | Xu R.,Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | And 4 more authors.
Acta Pharmacologica Sinica | Year: 2013

Aim: To investigate the protective effects of rhein lysinate (RHL), a major bioactive constituent of the rhizome of rhubarb (Rheum palmatum Linn or Rheum tanguticum Maxim), against kidney impairment in senescence-prone inbred strain 10 (SAMP10) mice. Methods: SAMP10 mice were orally administered RHL (25 or 50 mg/kg) daily until 50% of the mice died. Senescence-resistant inbred strain 1 (SAMR1) mice administered no drug were taken as control. The kidneys were harvested after animal death, and examined morphologically and with immunochemical assays. The levels of MAD, SOD and GSH-px in the kidneys were measured with a photometric method. The expression of inflammatory factors and related proteins in the kidneys was analyzed using Western blotting. Results: Treatment of SAMP10 mice with RHL had no effect on the body weight or phenotype. However, RHL significantly prolonged the median survival time of SAMP10 mice by approximately 25%, as compared to untreated SAMP10 mice. Compared SAMR1 mice, SAMP10 mice had a significantly lower level of SOD in the kidneys, but had no significant difference in the MDA or GSH-px levels. Treatment of SAMP10 mice with RHL significantly reduced the MAD level, and increased the SOD and GSH-px levels in the kidneys. Glomerulonephritis was observed in SAMP10 mice but not in SAMR1 mice. RHL decreased the incidence of glomerulonephritis, and significantly decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, NF-κB, collagen types I and III in the kidneys.Conclusion:Accelerated senescence is associated with glomerulonephritis in SAMP10 mice, and RHL prolongs their median survival time by reducing the severity of glomerulonephritis. © 2013 CPS and SIMM All rights reserved. Source

Hu G.,Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | Liu J.,Third Hospital of Nanchang City | Zhen Y.-Z.,Hebei United University | Wei J.,Beijing Hospital and Beijing Institute of Geriatrics | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Chinese Medicine | Year: 2013

Reducing the expression of endothelial cell adhesion molecules (ECAMs) is known to decrease inflammation-induced vascular complications. In this study, we explored whether rhein can reduce the inflammation-induced expression of ECAMs in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with or without lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. HUVECs were treated with different concentrations of rhein with or without 2.5 μg/ml LPS stimulation. Cell viability was assayed using the MTT method. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were used to measure the transcription and expression levels of ECAMs, including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), E-SELECTIN and related signaling proteins. The results indicated that rhein (0-20 μmol/L) and LPS (0-10 μg/ml) had no effect on the viability of HUVECs. LPS could promote the expression of VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and E-SELECTIN. Rhein appeared to target VCAM-1, ICAM-1 and E-SELECTIN, with the transcription and expression of all three factors being reduced by the rhein treatment (10 and 20 μmol/L). The transcription and expression of VCAM-1 were also reduced by treatment with rhein (10 and 20 μmol/L) in the presence of LPS stimulation. In conclusion, rhein treatment reduced the expression of VCAM-1 in HUVECs via a p38-dependent pathway. © 2013 World Scientific Publishing Company & Institute for Advanced Research in Asian Science and Medicine. Source

Li Z.-H.,Nanchang University | Tu J.-H.,Third Hospital of Nanchang City | Qiu W.,Third Hospital of Nanchang City | Hou Y.-F.,Fudan University
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

Tau is a microtubule-associated protein and expressed in normal breast epithelial cells and breast cancer. Tau expression in breast cancer may be important for chemotherapy optimization. This study is to investigate the expression of Tau in advanced breast cancer and its significance in taxane-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Levels of Tau protein in advanced breast cancer were detected immunohistochemically. The chemotherapeutic efficacy indexes in Tau- group, which includes the remission rate, Miller-Payne pathological reactive grade, and pathologic complete response rate, were improved compared with that in Tau+ group. There was difference in the efficacy indexes among ER+ subgroups but not among ER-patients. In addition, Tau expression was positively correlated (r = 0.32, P < 0.00). In multivariate analysis, when age, clinical stage, postoperative lymph node metastasis, ER, PR, HER2, Ki-67, TP53, or Tau status were included, postoperative lymph node metastasis and Taunegative status were identified as independent predictors of pathologic complete response. In conclusion, negative Tau protein expression may be an effective predictor for taxane-containing neoadjuvant chemotherapy, especially in ER+ subgroups. Further study on the molecular mechanism and utility of Tau for individualizing adjuvant chemotherapy is warranted. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013. Source

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