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Nanchang, China

Chen X.-W.,Southern Medical University | Di Y.M.,RMIT University | Zhang J.,Third Hospital of Nanchang | Zhou Z.-W.,RMIT University | And 3 more authors.
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012

Berberine is one of the main alkaloids found in the Chinese herb Huang lian (Rhizoma Coptidis), which has been reported to have multiple pharmacological activities. This study aimed to analyze the molecular targets of berberine based on literature data followed by a pathway analysis using the PANTHER program. PANTHER analysis of berberine targets showed that the most classes of molecular functions include receptor binding, kinase activity, protein binding, transcription activity, DNA binding, and kinase regulator activity. Based on the biological process classification of in vitro berberine targets, those targets related to signal transduction, intracellular signalling cascade, cell surface receptor-linked signal transduction, cell motion, cell cycle control, immunity system process, and protein metabolic process are most frequently involved. In addition, berberine was found to interact with a mixture of biological pathways, such as Alzheimer's disease-presenilin and -secretase pathways, angiogenesis, apoptosis signalling pathway, FAS signalling pathway, Hungtington disease, inflammation mediated by chemokine and cytokine signalling pathways, interleukin signalling pathway, and p53 pathways. We also explored the possible mechanism of action for the anti-diabetic effect of berberine. Further studies are warranted to elucidate the mechanisms of action of berberine using systems biology approach. © 2012 Xiao-Wu Chen et al.

Pei Z.,Third Hospital of Nanchang | Pei Z.,Sun Yat Sen University | Meng R.,Second Peoples Hospital of Guangdong Province | Zhuang Z.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 4 more authors.
Cardiovascular Toxicology | Year: 2013

The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of acute infrasound exposure on oxidative damage and investigate the underlying mechanisms in rat cardiomyocytes. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured and exposed to infrasound for several days. In the study, the expression of CAT, GPx, SOD1, and SOD2 and their activities in rat cardiomyocytes in infrasound exposure groups were significantly decreased compared to those in the various time controls, along with significantly higher levels of O2 - and H 2O2. Decreased cardiac cell viability was not observed in various time controls. A significant reduction in cardiac cell viability was observed in the infrasound group compared to the control, while significantly increased cardiac cell viability was observed in the infrasound exposure and rosiglitazone pretreatment group. Compared to the control, rosiglitazone significantly upregulated CAT, GPx, SOD1, and SOD2 expression and their activities in rat cardiomyocytes exposed to infrasound, while the levels of O2 - or H2O2 were significantly decreased. A potential link between a significant downregulation of PPAR-γ expression in rat cardiomyocytes in the infrasound group was compared to the control and infrasound-induced oxidative stress. These findings indicate that infrasound can induce oxidative damage in rat cardiomyocytes by inactivating PPAR-γ. © 2013 The Author(s).

Chen X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University | Ye G.,First Peoples Hospital of Foshan | Zhang C.,General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command | Li X.,Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital | And 9 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of docetaxel plus cyclophosphamide (TC) compared with docetaxel, anthracycline, and cyclophosphamide (TEC) in neoadjuvant treatment of triple negative or HER2 positive breast cancer. Eligible breast cancer patients were randomized to receive six cycles of TC or TEC. The primary end point was pathological complete remission (pCR). Secondary end points included safety, clinical response rate, and survival outcome. One hundred and two patients were initially randomized and 96 patients were available for efficacy analysis. 96.9 % patients were treated with epirubicin as an anthracycline agent. pCR rates were 6.8 % (3/45) and 17.6 % (9/51) in TC and TEC group, respectively, P = 0.113. After a mean follow up of 20 (3-36) months, non-anthracycline-containing TC regimen treatment resulted in a worse event-free survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.42; 95 % CI 1.11-5.30) and disease-free survival (HR 2.85; 95 % CI 1.21-6.74) compared with TEC regimen, which was more apparent in triple negative subtype. Severe adverse event rates were similar, except that patients treated with TEC had a higher rate of neutropenia and leucopenia. TEC treatment had a superior survival outcome and trend of higher pCR rate compared with TC in this trial setting, especially in triple negative subtype, which deserves further validation. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Meng R.,Sun Yat Sen University | Meng R.,Key Laboratory on Assisted Circulation | Pei Z.,Third Hospital of Nanchang | Zhang A.,Sun Yat Sen University | And 12 more authors.
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics | Year: 2011

Activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been shown to inhibit cardiac hypertrophy through peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-α (PPARα) signaling pathway, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear. A rat model of cardiac hypertrophy created by transaortic constriction (TAC) was used to investigate the mechanism involved in regulation of PPARα activity by AMPK. It was observed that treatment with AICAR (5-aminoimidazole 1 carboxamide ribonucleoside), an AMPK activator, significantly inhibited cardiac hypertrophy in vivo and in vitro. Phosphorylated extracellular signal regulated protein kinase (phospho-ERK1/2) and phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) protein levels were significantly up-regulated, while PPARα protein level was down-regulated in TAC rats. AICAR treatment reversed the changes of PPARα and phospho-ERK1/2, but increased phospho-p38 MAPK protein level in TAC rats. Similar changes of PPARα and phospho-ERK1/2 protein levels were observed in the hypertrophied cardiomyocytes induced by phenylephrine treatment. Epidermal growth factor (EGF, ERK1/2 activator), but not SB203580 (p38 inhibitor) blocked the up-regulation of PPARα protein level induced by AICAR. Luciferase assay showed that AICAR increased PPARα transcriptional activity which was abrogated by EGF, but not by SB203580. These results demonstrate that AMPK activation enhances the activity of PPARα to inhibit cardiac hypertrophy through ERK1/2, but not p38 MAPK, signaling pathway. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Pei Z.,Third Hospital of Nanchang | Zhuang Z.,Sun Yat Sen University | Sang H.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Wu Z.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | And 7 more authors.
Pharmacological Research | Year: 2014

Recent evidence has suggested that cigarette smoking is associated with an increased prevalence of heart diseases. Given that cigarette smoking triggers proinflammatory response via stimulation of the capsaicin-sensitive transient receptor potential cation channel TRPV1, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of an essential α,β-unsaturated aldehyde from cigarette smoke crotonaldehyde on myocardial function and the underlying mechanism with a focus on TRPV1 and mitochondria. Cardiomyocyte mechanical and intracellular Ca 2+ properties were evaluated including peak shortening (PS), maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening (±dL/dt), time-to-PS (TPS), time-to-90% relengthening (TR90), fura-2 fluorescence intensity (FFI), intracellular Ca2+ decay and SERCA activity. Apoptosis and TRPV1 were evaluated using Western blot analysis. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage were measured using the intracellular fluoroprobe 5-(6)-chloromethyl-2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate and 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), respectively. Our data revealed that crotonaldehyde interrupted cardiomyocyte contractile and intracellular Ca 2+ property including depressed PS, ±dL/dt, ΔFFI and SERCA activity, as well as prolonged TR90 and intracellular Ca 2+ decay. Crotonaldehyde exposure increased TRPV1 and NADPH oxidase levels, promoted apoptosis, mitochondrial injury (decreased aconitase activity, PGC-1α and UCP-2) as well as production of ROS and 8-OHdG. Interestingly, crotonaldehyde-induced cardiac defect was obliterated by the ROS scavenger glutathione and the TRPV1 inhibitor capsazepine. Capsazepine (not glutathione) ablated crotonaldehyde-induced mitochondrial damage. Capsazepine, glutathione and the NADPH inhibitor apocynin negated crotonaldehyde-induced ROS accumulation. Our data suggest a role of crotonaldehyde compromises cardiomyocyte mechanical function possibly through a TRPV1-and mitochondria-dependent oxidative stress mechanism. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

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