Third Hospital of Nanchang
Third Hospital of Nanchang
Ke B.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Zhu N.,Nanchang University |
Luo F.,Chinese Medicine Hospital in Jiangxi Province |
Xu Y.,Jiangxi Provincial Peoples Hospital |
Fang X.,Nanchang University
Molecular Medicine Reports | Year: 2017
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a very high mortality rate and remains a global health challenge. Inhibiting renal fibrosis is one of the most promising therapeutic strategies for CKD. Recent studies have indicated that endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) serves an active role in the development of acute and chronic kidney disease, especially with regards to renal fibrosis. In the current review, the authors summarize the latest understanding of the role of ERS during the onset of renal fibrosis. ERS promotes renal fibrosis through multiple signaling pathways, such as transforming growth factor-β, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and oxidative stress. In addition, ERS also causes podocyte damage, leading to increased proteinuria and the development of renal fibrosis in rat models. In conclusion, targeted inhibition of ERS may become a promising therapeutic strategy for renal fibrosis.
Wen-Shu L.,Nanchang University |
Yao Y.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Yi S.,Nanchang University
Revista de la Facultad de Ingenieria | Year: 2017
This paper proposes the intelligent management paradigm based on intelligent performance assessment and the interactive data statute. In a multidimensional data model in a data warehouse, the data is divided into a number of dimensions, each of which includes the multiple abstractions defined by concept hierarchies that provide flexibility for the user to view data from different perspectives. And the decision tree is a layer of attributes to determine the final leaf node content. Inspired by this, we use the AHP for the analysis. A good hierarchical structure is very important to solve the problem and if the classification and definition of dominance hierarchy between the elements of wavering in the hierarchy, we should re analysis of the core problem, the relationship between the elements to and to ensure a reasonable level of structure. Hierarchical structure is the simplest and most practical hierarchy in AHP. Under this basis, this paper proposes the novel paradigm for the analysis, and the verifications are well down with the data based analysis. In the future, more implementations will be down.
Yang Z.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Ding X.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Liu J.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Duan P.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
And 3 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2017
Background: Lipid abnormalities are associated with overweight and obesity. Some simple anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), may link to increased risk of dyslipidemia. However, diverse results were found in different population studies. We focused on the associations between these measurements and dyslipidemia in non-obese (BMI <28kg/m2) population aged more than 40 years. Methods and findings: Cross-sectional study of 4185 non-obese adults aged more than 40 years was conducted in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, China. Questionnaire, anthropometric and laboratory tests were conducted. The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III) criteria were used to define high total cholesterol (TC), high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), hypertriglyceridemia and dyslipidemia. The overall prevalence of high TC, high LDL-C, low HDL-C, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and dyslipidemia were 15.68%, 27.98%, 20.12%, 44.01%, 21.98% and 49.06% respectively. Multiple logistic regressions showed only BMI (per quartile increment) increased risks for prevalent high LDL-C, low HDL-C, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and dyslipidemia. Regardless of sex, age and prevalent metabolic syndrome, increasing BMI was persistently independent risk factor for having low HDL-C, hypercholesterolemia and dyslipidemia, however was not associated with high TC. Conclusions: In non-obese Chinese population aged more than 40 years, increasing BMI may better identify the prevalent dyslipidemia than other anthropometric measurements. However, due to the different meanings, both BMI and WC should be measured and monitored for metabolic risk assessment. © 2017 Yang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Chen X.,Shanghai JiaoTong University |
Ye G.,First Peoples Hospital of Foshan |
Zhang C.,Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Area |
Li X.,Shanxi Provincial Cancer Hospital |
And 9 more authors.
Breast Cancer Research and Treatment | Year: 2013
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of docetaxel plus cyclophosphamide (TC) compared with docetaxel, anthracycline, and cyclophosphamide (TEC) in neoadjuvant treatment of triple negative or HER2 positive breast cancer. Eligible breast cancer patients were randomized to receive six cycles of TC or TEC. The primary end point was pathological complete remission (pCR). Secondary end points included safety, clinical response rate, and survival outcome. One hundred and two patients were initially randomized and 96 patients were available for efficacy analysis. 96.9 % patients were treated with epirubicin as an anthracycline agent. pCR rates were 6.8 % (3/45) and 17.6 % (9/51) in TC and TEC group, respectively, P = 0.113. After a mean follow up of 20 (3-36) months, non-anthracycline-containing TC regimen treatment resulted in a worse event-free survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 2.42; 95 % CI 1.11-5.30) and disease-free survival (HR 2.85; 95 % CI 1.21-6.74) compared with TEC regimen, which was more apparent in triple negative subtype. Severe adverse event rates were similar, except that patients treated with TEC had a higher rate of neutropenia and leucopenia. TEC treatment had a superior survival outcome and trend of higher pCR rate compared with TC in this trial setting, especially in triple negative subtype, which deserves further validation. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Chen X.-W.,Southern Medical University |
Di Y.M.,RMIT University |
Zhang J.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Zhou Z.-W.,RMIT University |
And 3 more authors.
The Scientific World Journal | Year: 2012
Berberine is one of the main alkaloids found in the Chinese herb Huang lian (Rhizoma Coptidis), which has been reported to have multiple pharmacological activities. This study aimed to analyze the molecular targets of berberine based on literature data followed by a pathway analysis using the PANTHER program. PANTHER analysis of berberine targets showed that the most classes of molecular functions include receptor binding, kinase activity, protein binding, transcription activity, DNA binding, and kinase regulator activity. Based on the biological process classification of in vitro berberine targets, those targets related to signal transduction, intracellular signalling cascade, cell surface receptor-linked signal transduction, cell motion, cell cycle control, immunity system process, and protein metabolic process are most frequently involved. In addition, berberine was found to interact with a mixture of biological pathways, such as Alzheimer's disease-presenilin and -secretase pathways, angiogenesis, apoptosis signalling pathway, FAS signalling pathway, Hungtington disease, inflammation mediated by chemokine and cytokine signalling pathways, interleukin signalling pathway, and p53 pathways. We also explored the possible mechanism of action for the anti-diabetic effect of berberine. Further studies are warranted to elucidate the mechanisms of action of berberine using systems biology approach. © 2012 Xiao-Wu Chen et al.
Pei Z.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Zhuang Z.,Sun Yat Sen University |
Sang H.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University |
Sang H.,Bethune International Peace Hospital of Peoples Liberation Army |
And 8 more authors.
Pharmacological Research | Year: 2014
Recent evidence has suggested that cigarette smoking is associated with an increased prevalence of heart diseases. Given that cigarette smoking triggers proinflammatory response via stimulation of the capsaicin-sensitive transient receptor potential cation channel TRPV1, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of an essential α,β-unsaturated aldehyde from cigarette smoke crotonaldehyde on myocardial function and the underlying mechanism with a focus on TRPV1 and mitochondria. Cardiomyocyte mechanical and intracellular Ca 2+ properties were evaluated including peak shortening (PS), maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening (±dL/dt), time-to-PS (TPS), time-to-90% relengthening (TR90), fura-2 fluorescence intensity (FFI), intracellular Ca2+ decay and SERCA activity. Apoptosis and TRPV1 were evaluated using Western blot analysis. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage were measured using the intracellular fluoroprobe 5-(6)-chloromethyl-2′,7′-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate and 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), respectively. Our data revealed that crotonaldehyde interrupted cardiomyocyte contractile and intracellular Ca 2+ property including depressed PS, ±dL/dt, ΔFFI and SERCA activity, as well as prolonged TR90 and intracellular Ca 2+ decay. Crotonaldehyde exposure increased TRPV1 and NADPH oxidase levels, promoted apoptosis, mitochondrial injury (decreased aconitase activity, PGC-1α and UCP-2) as well as production of ROS and 8-OHdG. Interestingly, crotonaldehyde-induced cardiac defect was obliterated by the ROS scavenger glutathione and the TRPV1 inhibitor capsazepine. Capsazepine (not glutathione) ablated crotonaldehyde-induced mitochondrial damage. Capsazepine, glutathione and the NADPH inhibitor apocynin negated crotonaldehyde-induced ROS accumulation. Our data suggest a role of crotonaldehyde compromises cardiomyocyte mechanical function possibly through a TRPV1-and mitochondria-dependent oxidative stress mechanism. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Dai H.,Tianjin Medical University |
Yan Y.,Tianjin Medical University |
Wang P.,Tianjin Medical University |
Liu P.,Tianjin Medical University |
And 15 more authors.
International Journal of Epidemiology | Year: 2014
Background: Mammographic density (MD) has not been systematically investigated among Chinese women. Breast cancer screening programmes provided detailed information on MD in a large number of asymptomatic women. Methods: In the Multi-modality Independent Screening Trial (MIST), we estimated the association between MD and its influential factors using logistic regression, adjusting for age, body mass index (BMI) and study area. Differences between Chinese and other ethnic groups with respect to MD were also explored with adjustment for age and BMI. Results: A total of 28 388 women aged 45 to 65 years, who had been screened by mammography, were enrolled in the study. Of these, 49.2% were categorized as having dense breasts (BI-RADS density 3 and 4) and 50.8% as fatty breasts (BI-RADS density 1 and 2). Postmenopausal status [odds ratio (OR)=0.66; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.62-0.70] and higher number of live births (OR=0.56; 95% CI: 0.46-0.68) were inversely associated with MD, whereas prior benign breast disease (OR=1.48; 95% CI: 1.40-1.56) and later age at first birth (OR=1.17; 95% CI: 1.08-1.27) were positively associated with MD. In comparison with the data from the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium, we found that women in MIST were more likely to have fatty breasts than Americans (from the Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium) in the older age group (>50 years) but more likely to have dense breasts in the younger age group (<50 years). Conclusions: This study suggests that several risk factors for breast cancer were associated with breast density in Chinese women. Information on the determinants of mammographic density may provide valuable insights into breast cancer aetiology. © The Author 2014; Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Epidemiological Association all rights reserved.
Duan P.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Wang Z.-M.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Liu J.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
Wang L.-N.,Third Hospital of Nanchang |
And 2 more authors.
Journal of Human Hypertension | Year: 2015
Recent studies have revealed that the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand/RANK/osteoprotegerin (RANKL/RANK/OPG) system has an important role in vascular calcification, which is contributory to various cardiovascular diseases and intimately linked to the regulation of blood pressure. Therefore, we performed a case-control study to investigate the associations of 21 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TNFSF11, TNFRSF11A and TNFRSF11B genes in the RANKL/RANK/OPG system with hypertension and blood pressure in post-menopausal Chinese women. In this study, 503 hypertensive patients and 509 normal controls were recruited. Genotyping was performed using the high-throughput Sequenom genotyping platform. The results showed that two SNPs (rs6567270 and rs4603673) in the TNFRSF11A were associated with hypertension (P=0.010 and P=0.013, respectively) and systolic blood pressure (P=0.024 and P=0.023, respectively). One SNP (rs9646629) in the TNFRSF11A showed significant association with diastolic blood pressure (P=0.031). The results of this study suggest that TNFRSF11A but not TNFSF11 and TNFRSF11B genetic variation is associated with hypertension and blood pressure in Chinese women. The findings provide additional support for the genetic role of RANKL/RANK/OPG system in hypertension and blood pressure regulation. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited.
PubMed | Peoples Hospital of Feicheng City, Indiana University, Tianjin Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Institute and Hospital and 4 more.
Type: | Journal: Scientific reports | Year: 2016
To determine the preliminary effectiveness of breast cancer screening among Chinese females, 1226714 women aged 35-69 years first received clinical breast examinations. Urban women with suspected cancer received mammography followed by breast ultrasound (BUS), while rural suspected women underwent BUS followed by mammography. After one-year follow-up, 223 and 431 breast cancers were detected among urban and rural women (respectively), with overall detection rates of 0.56/1000 and 0.52/1000. Higher detection rates were significantly associated with older age at screening for both urban and rural women; additionally, urban women were at significantly higher risk if they had no job, no insurance, or were obese; additional risk factors specific to rural women included Han nationality, higher income, being unmarried, and having a family history of cancer (all P values<0.05). Among screening-detected breast cancers in urban vs. rural women, 46.2% and 38.8% (respectively) were early stage, 62.5% and 66.3% were 2 centimeters, 38.0% and 47.3% included lymph-node involvement, and 14.0% and 6.0% were identified as carcinoma in situ. All abovementioned cancer characteristics were significantly better than clinic-detected cancers (all P values<0.001). In conclusion, several important differences were found between urban and rural women in screening effectiveness and patterns of cancer distribution.
PubMed | Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Third Hospital of Nanchang, Tianjin Medical University, Liaoning Cancer Institute and Hospital and Haidian Maternal and Child Health Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Zhonghua liu xing bing xue za zhi = Zhonghua liuxingbingxue zazhi | Year: 2014
To investigate the current status of smoking and passive smoking among Chinese females to provide evidence for related strategy development.Data from 32 720 women aged 45-65 years old who participated in the 2008 to 2010 Chinese Multi-center Women Breast Cancer Screening Project, were used to analyze the prevalence rates of smoking/heavy smoking, daily smoking, smoking cessation, successful smoking cessation, passive smoking, etc.A total of 913 females, accounted for 2.8% of all the women in the study, had reported the history of smoking. There were significant differences seen regarding the prevalence rates of smoking in different regions (Beijing, 2.8%; Tianjin, 5.9%; Nanchang, 1.7%; Feicheng, 0.9%; Shenyang, 1.8%). The prevalence rates of current smoking, daily smoking, and heavy smoking were 1.8%, 1.0% and 0.2%, respectively. The prevalence rates of smoking and current smoking increased with age but not the prevalence rates of daily smoking and heavy smoking. Among the smokers, the median initiation age of smoking, the median daily cigarette per day, and median year of smoking were 30 years old, 10 cigarette, and 16 years, respectively. And the prevalence rates of smoking cessation and successful smoking cessation were 19.1% and 8.2%. The prevalence rate of passive smoking was 45.7% (12 730/27 874). After combing the number of smokers and the number of passive smokers, the total exposure rate to tobacco was 41.8% (13 670/32 720).There was a relatively low level of smoking among Chinese females, so as the rate of smoking cessation. However, passive smoking presented a relatively high level among Chinese females.