Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: IA | Phase: DRS-09-2015 | Award Amount: 8.81M | Year: 2016
Recent studies from the IPCC indicate that Europe is particularly prone to increased risks of river and coastal floods, droughts resulting in water restrictions and damages from extreme weather such as heat events and wildfires. Evaluations also show a huge potential to reduce these risks with novel adaptation strategies. Researchers, innovators and incubators develop innovative products and services to reduce the increased climate change risks. Many of these innovations however hardly arrive at the markets. BRIGAID BRIdges the GAp for Innovations in Disaster resilience. BRIGAIDs approach is supported by three pillars. (1) At first BRIGAID takes into account the geographical variability of climate-related hazards and their interaction with socio-economic changes, (2) BRIGAID establishes structural, on-going support for innovations that are ready for validation in field tests and real life demonstrations and (3) BRIGAID develops a framework that enables an independent, scientific judgement of the socio-technological effectiveness of an innovation. BRIGAIDs objective is ambitious but achievable with strong consortium partners in EU, two Associated Countries and support from Overseas Territories. BRIGAID (a) brings actively together innovators and end-users in Communities of Innovation, resulting in increased opportunities for market-uptake; (b) contributes to the development of a technological and performance standards for adaptation options by providing a Test and Implementation Framework (TIF) and test facilities throughout Europe; (c) Improves innovation capacity and the integration of new knowledge by establishing an innovators network and (d) strengthens the competitiveness and growth of companies with the support of a dedicated business team. Finally BRIGAID develops a business models and market outreach to launch innovations to the market and secure investments in innovations beyond BRIGAIDs lifetime.
Scarton F.,SELC Soc. Coop. |
Cecconi G.,Thetis SpA |
Cerasuolo C.,Thetis SpA |
Valle R.,Rialto Inc.
Ecological Engineering | Year: 2013
Since 1989, intertidal dredge islands have been constructed in the Venice Lagoon using sediments originating from regular dredging of lagoon channels and inlets. Between 2005 and 2007, 75 dredge islands were surveyed in each year and the number of breeding pairs of seabirds and shorebirds estimated. The results showed that, of the 13 species that nested at least once, eight represented more than 1% of their total Italian population, sometimes even higher than 10%. Our results indicated that the majority of birds prefer site dimensions of between 10 and 30. ha, even if some species use small or very small (<1. ha) sites particularly heavily. Most of the other environmental variables we measured concurred in explaining species' occurrence and abundance. Redshank and Shelduck selected sites with high vegetation coverage, whereas sites with lower vegetation were preferred by Kentish Plover and Little Tern. More pairs than expected were observed at sites between 25 and 30. ha. These sites have a considerable wealth of habitat types, becoming suitable for species with contrasting nesting habitat requirements. Density of breeding pairs ranged between one and four pairs/10. ha; these values compare well with those observed in natural habitats existing in the Venice Lagoon, and support the opinion that dredge islands are a good alternative to natural sites. Along coastal sites where human pressure on beaches is particularly heavy, man-made habitats such as dredge islands may become a valuable alternative breeding site for those seabirds and waders of conservation concern. The results presented allow an assessment of the importance of dredge islands for breeding waterbirds over a short to medium period. They may also be used to estimate the expected richness and abundance of breeding birds that will use intertidal man-made sites, when these are built in a temperate coastal marsh. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: SST.2008.3.1.6. | Award Amount: 6.03M | Year: 2009
The VIAJEO project will design, demonstrate and validate an open platform which will be able to: support the transport operations, planning and a wide range of traveller information services; deliver dynamic information independent from the language to improve their provision of transport information and traveller services through integrated traffic data collection and management; deliver a solution that enables cross-modal journey planning, dynamic route guidance, effective payment access and improved personal mobility, etc.; provide standardised interfaces to connect a variety of entities needed for the mobility services The open platform will facilitate the integration of components for data management allowing integration of European and local components as most convenient in Athens, Sao Paulo, Beijing and Shanghai. The demonstration cities in Europe, China and Brazil have been carefully chosen to ensure that they have a reputation as national role models, allowing the results of successful demonstrations to be extended to other cities in these countries and also potentially to other countries in the respective continents. The scientific and technical objectives of the project are: (1) Design of an open platform with interfaces to a wide range of mobility services (2) Implementation of the open platform in Europe, and in the emerging Economies, i.e. China and Brazil. (3) Validation of the open platform (4) Assessment of social and transport impacts of the implementation and demonstration of the open platform VIAJEO will involve users, traffic managers, public authorities, transport operators, equipment manufacturers, vehicle manufacturers, service providers, application and service developers, content owners and providers, and research organisations.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: SST.2008.3.1.7. | Award Amount: 5.74M | Year: 2009
STADIUM addresses the task 3.1.7 - Large event mobility management (especially in big cities) of the call FP7 SST 2008 The ultimate goal of the project is to improve the performance of transport systems made available to a wide and differentiated range of users in the framework of large events hosted by big cities, through the development of a set of guidelines and tools to implement management support systems (mainly ICT technologies), based upon past experiences of large sport events, demonstrations in South Africa, Delhi and London and best practices of ITS applications in Europe. Main impacts: Improved performance of transport systems in host cities. Evidence of capabilities to manage high concentrated transport demand through long lasting technological solutions. Promotion of EU know how. Main outputs: (1) Design of ICT applications compliant with the EU ITS Frame Architecture procedures; (2) Demonstration of viability of European ITS technologies in emerging countries; (3) a Handbook providing guidelines and solutions for selecting, designing and implementing applications for the benefit of potential large events hosting cities. 10 WPs: WP1 Management, WP2 Identification of requirements, WP 3 Handbook, WP4: Demonstrators design, WP 5a: Demonstrators implementation-South Africa; WP 5b: Demonstrators implementation-India, WP 5c: Demonstrators implementation-London, WP 6: Benchmarking and evaluation. WP 7: Dissemination and exploitation; WP 7b: Feasibility studies with Brazilian cities. Multi-disciplinary team (transport companies, ICT experts, transport policy experts), wide geographical scope (South Africa and India). Includes academic institutions, research and consultancy firms, ITS manufacturers, SMEs and Companies from South Africa and India. Proven track record of coordinator (ISIS) in leading complex EC projects. Total effort: 522.38 person.months over 4 years; project value 5,742,833.79 . Financial contribution requested 3,599,964.00.
Moschino V.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience |
Delaney E.,Thetis SpA |
Meneghetti F.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience |
Ros L.D.,CNR Institute of Neuroscience
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment | Year: 2011
Transplanted Mytilus galloprovincialis and native Ruditapes philippinarum were deployed in 10 sampling stations with different pollution impact within the Lagoon of Venice to evaluate the temporal variations and the suitability of the following cytochemical and histochemical biomarkers just as indicators of environmental stress: lysosomal membrane stability, lipofuscins, neutral lipids and lysosome to cytoplasm volume ratio. The physiological status of the organisms was also investigated by determining the survival in air capability and the reburrowing rate (clams). The biological parameters were assessed in June and October. Furthermore, for a better definition of the environmental aspects of the study sites, heavy metal, PAH and PCB concentrations were also evaluated in the sediments. As a whole, the biological responses examined in both species from all the sampling sites showed significant differences between the two seasonal campaigns, only lysosomal membrane stability exhibited less variability. Pollutants in sediments generally showed low-intermediate contamination levels, few hotspots persisting mostly in the inner areas of the lagoon, the most influenced by the industrial zone. Transplanted mussels were more responsive than native clams and the biological responses of both species varied temporally. The range of the spatial variability was always narrow and reflected only partially the broader variability shown by the chemical content in the sediments. In this sense, biological responses seemed to be particularly influenced by the high temporal and spatial heterogeneity that characterise the Lagoon of Venice, as well as most of the transitional environments. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Gomiero A.,National Research Council Italy |
Gomiero A.,Thetis S.P.A. |
da Ros L.,National Research Council Italy |
Nasci C.,National Research Council Italy |
And 4 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2011
Despite a large number of gas platforms existing in the Adriatic Sea, which is a semi-enclosed basin characterized by a slow turnover rate and increasing industrial as well as other anthropogenic activities, the effects of these structures on the aquatic ecosystem require further investigation. Since 1998, multidisciplinary studies have been performed by CNR-ISMAR to comply with legislation and to support the development of protocols for the monitoring of offshore activities in the Adriatic Sea. The present study was developed to implement a biomonitoring plan to assess the ecotoxicological effects of the extraction activities of an off-shore gas platform. Biomarkers were evaluated in mussels collected from the platform in relation to physiological stress, DNA damage, cellular damage, oxidative stress and exposure effects. Organic contaminants and trace element bioaccumulation were also assessed in the soft body of the mussels to correlate bioaccumulation of pollutants with biomarker responses. The results indicate an absence of platform-related environmental stress. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Gomiero A.,National Research Council Italy |
Gomiero A.,University of Piemonte Orientale |
Dagnino A.,University of Piemonte Orientale |
Nasci C.,Thetis SpA |
Viarengo A.,University of Piemonte Orientale
Science of the Total Environment | Year: 2013
Despite an increasing number of surveys describing adverse effects of contaminated sediments on marine organisms, few studies have addressed protists. In this study, the free-crawling marine ciliate Euplotes crassus was evaluated as the test organism for the screening of sediment toxicity using sediments from both coastal and estuarine sites of the Venice Lagoon (Marghera harbour [MH], Valle Millecampi [MV], Murano island [MI] and Lido inlet [LI]). Two endpoints of high ecological value, mortality (Mry) and replication rate (RpR), were assessed in combination with the two sublethal biomarkers of stress, endocytotic rate (Ecy) and lysosomal membrane stability (NRRT). The results showed a significant inhibition of RpR, Ecy and NRRT paralleled by a small and insignificantly increased Mry of the exposed specimens. Our results thus demonstrate that only a combination of mortality and sublethal biomarkers was able to characterise an exposure-related stress syndrome. The suite of biomarkers described here was also able to detect and resolve a pollution-induced stress syndrome at an early stage of pollution. The contamination level of the sediments was assessed using chemical analysis, by estimating bioavailability and by computing a toxic pressure coefficient (TPC) to account for potential additive effects of different pollutants. The observed biological responses were consistent with the contamination levels in sediments, suggesting a high potential for using Protozoa in bioassays to assess environmental risk in coastal marine systems. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Gomiero A.,University of West Piedmont Amedeo Avogadro |
Gomiero A.,Thetis SpA |
Sforzini S.,University of West Piedmont Amedeo Avogadro |
Dagnino A.,University of West Piedmont Amedeo Avogadro |
And 2 more authors.
Aquatic Toxicology | Year: 2012
This paper presents the results of investigations on the suitability of Euplotes crassus, an interstitial marine ciliate, to be used as model organism in ecotoxicology and thereafter to evaluate the toxicity of estuarine and coastal sediments upon laboratory exposure. Nowadays, anthropogenic activities have resulted in accumulation of metals and organic pollutants in the environment as well as in the food chain hence leading to serious ecological and human health problems. This may pose a risk to benthic and epibenthic organisms and it is crucial to discover toxicity tests that will identify adverse effects of sediment-associated chemicals on benthic organisms. Due to their nature as a eukaryotic cell/organism and their position in the food web, ciliated protozoa are suitable models for evaluating the effects of pollution on aquatic communities. Lethal and sublethal effects of exposure to inorganic and organic pollutants were tested on the cell mortality, replication rate, lysosomal membrane stability and endocytosis rate of E. crassus. Increasing nominal concentrations of individual and mixtures of mercury, copper, and benzo(a)pyrene were investigated in this study as they might be bioavailable in naturally occurring polluted sites. A significant decrease in the mean replication rate (p<. 0.05) was found after 24. h exposures to m/μM concentrations of all tested pollutants. At the same time, significant decreases of lysosomal membrane stability (p<. 0.05) were observed for Cu (5. μM), Hg (10. nM), and B(a)P (200. nM). Among the entire suite of tests, endocytosis rate test demonstrated the highest sensitivity. Exposures to binary mixtures of all studied pollutants were performed showing both inorganic-organic and inorganic-inorganic additive and/or antagonist effects. Moreover, medium salinity was also varied to mimic estuarine-like environmental conditions linking biological response to ionic strengths. Under these conditions significant increases of both endocytosis rate and lysosomal membrane stability were observed and related to the increment of some Hg- and Cu-related toxic complexes. The studied biomarkers were always able to discriminate between the effects of organic and inorganic pollutants. Together with the short time and simplicity of the test procedures, results obtained in this study indicate that E. crassus is a promising and convenient bioindicator for evaluating the toxicity of different environmental matrixes like pore water, sediments and wastewaters - polluted by metals and organic pollutants. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: SST.2013.3-2. | Award Amount: 2.11M | Year: 2013
The goal of Viajeo PLUS is to benchmark outstanding solutions for innovative and green urban mobility in Europe, Latin America, China and Singapore and subsequently facilitate the uptake of these solutions across different cities in these regions, and Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs). Over a 36-month timeframe, the Viajeo PLUS consortium will engage with leading European innovative organisations and academic institutes and cooperate with cities across Europe, Latin America, China, Singapore and MPCs to facilitate the sharing of good practices and demonstration of innovative solutions. The Viajeo PLUS project will: Assess current mobility solutions and the potential uptake of different solutions for different scenarios. Through case studies, showcases and capacity building, it will gather key experts in mobility management, clean vehicle, public transport, infrastructure and city logistics, to develop executive plans for the implementation of existing solutions in a new and innovate way; Create a new web-based Virtual Best Solution book to facilitate wider uptake of solutions across more cities and regions; Organise four individual City Mobility Weeks in Europe, Latin America, China and Singapore respectively. A City Mobility Week consists of showcases, workshops and stakeholder meetings. Through interactive showcases, participants will benefit from gaining first-hand experience of innovative solutions. Participants will exchange knowledge, information and best practice experiences through various workshops and meetings; Organise fora in Istanbul to engage stakeholders in MPCs to lay the foundations for future inter-regional cooperation in research and development activities; Facilitate a twinning cities programme to allow representatives from cities to experience innovative solutions for future implementation. Together with SOLUTIONS, Viajeo PLUS will develop recommendations to the EC for future collaboration among cities and for research cooperation initiatives.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: BG-03-2016 | Award Amount: 1.99M | Year: 2016
The Multi-Use in European Seas (MUSES) project will review existing planning and consenting processes against international quality standards for MSP and compliance with EU Directives used to facilitate marine and coastal development in the EU marine area to ensure that they are robust, efficient and facilitate sustainable multi use of marine resources. The project will build knowledge of the appropriate techniques to minimize barriers, impacts and risks, whilst maximising local benefits, reducing gaps in knowledge to deliver efficiencies through integrated planning, consenting processes and other techniques. MUSES Project - 3 main pillars: 1. Regional overviews which take into account EU sea basins (Baltic Sea, North Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Eastern Atlantic) will be based on an analytical framework to facilitate adoption of a common approach across the sea basins. The progress in implementation of the concept of Multi-Uses in European Sea Basins will be assessed and key obstacles and drivers identified. 2. A comprehensive set of case studies of real and/or potential multi-use will be conducted and analysed to provide a complete spectrum of advantages in combining different uses of the sea. The case studies will create local stakeholder platforms to identify multi-use potentiality, opportunities and limitations. 3. Development of an Action Plan to address the challenges and opportunities for the development of Multi-Uses of oceans identified in the regional overviews and case studies. Provide recommendations for future action, taking into account national, regional and sea basin dimensions. The project will build on work undertaken in other studies including Mermaid, TROPOS, H2Ocean and SUBMARINER. MUSES project partners have direct links with related forums including The Ocean Energy Forum (OEF) which will assist understanding of many issues that need to be addressed at an EU level and could help facilitate and implement the OEF roadmap.