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Haanappel S.P.,ThermoPlastic Composites Research Center | Akkerman R.,ThermoPlastic Composites Research Center | Akkerman R.,University of Twente
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing | Year: 2014

Intra-ply shear appears during the forming process of hot thermoplastic laminates with a uni-directional fibre reinforcement. This paper proposes a torsion bar test to characterise the longitudinal shear mechanism, which can be performed with a standard rheometer. Sensitivity analyses showed that most reliable shear property measurements can be obtained by using torsion bar specimens with a close to square cross section. The method is implemented in practise and critically evaluated. Storage and loss moduli were determined for carbon UD/PEEK specimens at high temperatures. Non-linear material behaviour was found for relatively small shear strains. The linear regime was focussed on subsequently, where the characteristics were found to be similar to that of a visco-elastic solid or weak gel, confirmed by a dominant storage modulus and a weak frequency dependency. Future work is recommended to be focussed on the large strain regime, for which this paper provides a found basis. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


Sachs U.,ThermoPlastic Composites Research Center | Akkerman R.,ThermoPlastic Composites Research Center | Akkerman R.,University of Twente | Fetfatsidis K.,University of Massachusetts Lowell | And 8 more authors.
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing | Year: 2014

A benchmark exercise was conducted to compare various friction test set-ups with respect to the measured coefficients of friction. The friction was determined between Twintex®PP, a fabric of commingled yarns of glass and polypropylene filaments, and a metal surface. The same material was supplied to all benchmark participants and the test conditions were prescribed, making the used set-up the most important variable among the laboratories. Tests at ambient temperature as well as tests above the melting point of polypropylene are part of the benchmark, in order to determine both the dry and hydrodynamic friction characteristics. The dependency on sliding velocity, average pressure and temperature was investigated. Systematic differences are observed between the measurements obtained by the different set-ups, which are discussed and related to design characteristics of the devices. The values obtained in this benchmark are comparable and may serve as a reference to evaluate other friction set-ups. The paper concludes with guidelines for the design of a friction tester. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source


Su Y.,Materials Innovation Institute M2i | Su Y.,University of Twente | De Rooij M.,Materials Innovation Institute M2i | De Rooij M.,University of Twente | And 2 more authors.
Composites Part B: Engineering | Year: 2016

Fastener free metal-carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic composite hybrid joints show potential for application in aerospace structures. The strength of the metal-thermoplastic composite interface is crucial for the performance of the entire hybrid joint. Optimisation of the interface requires an evaluation method for these hybrid structures. This work demonstrates the applicability of a mandrel peel test method for this purpose. The suitability of the mandrel peel test for certain hybrid joints is evaluated. Furthermore, a series of parameters in mandrel peel test are assessed in order to optimise the evaluation of the performance of metal-thermoplastic interface. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source


News Article
Site: http://www.materialstoday.com/news/

Web Industries, Inc, a provider of prepreg composite formatting technologies and services, has joined the ThermoPlastic Composites Research Center (TPRC) based in Enschede, The Netherlands. As a member company, Web will use its experience formatting thermoplastic composites for compression molding and tape placement in ongoing and future joint development projects. According to the company, it helped define the industry standards for precision slitting, spooling and winding of aerospace-grade thermoset composite slit tape, and is a qualified prepreg slit tape provider for nearly all major automated fiber placement lines. Web Industries has a knowledge base focused on bridging the gap between composite material producers, manufacturing machine companies, and end-product fabricators. ‘We believe that our deep technical expertise formatting thermoplastic composites for use in manufacturing will be of great benefit to our fellow corporate and research members and to the greater thermoplastic composites community,’ said Grand Hou, Web's technical manager for advanced composites. The TPRC is an innovation research and development center focused on advancing the use of thermoplastic composites in industrial and commercial manufacturing. Its member companies and multidisciplinary teams conduct joint development projects researching new thermoplastic composite technologies and applications. This story uses material from Web Industries, with editorial changes made by Materials Today. The views expressed in this article do not necessarily represent those of Elsevier.


Wolthuizen D.J.,University of Twente | Wolthuizen D.J.,ThermoPlastic Composites Research Center | Schuurman J.,ThermoPlastic Composites Research Center | Schuurman J.,Saxion University | And 2 more authors.
Key Engineering Materials | Year: 2014

Defects and shape distortions can arise during thermoforming of thermoplastic composites. Design guidelines for thermoplastic composites can help to prevent such defects. The material selection and geometry definition are part of the design guidelines. A test to check the formability of a material is developed as an aid for the material selection. Strips of varying widths are thermoformed inducing double curvature, in order to find the width at which the material starts to wrinkle. The thermoformed strips of quasi-isotropic UD carbon/PEEK and quasi-isotropic 8HS glass/PPS show a clear difference in formability. The UD carbon and the 8HS glass strips develop wrinkles through-the-thickness of the laminate at a width of m and m m respectively. The test shows good potential to be used as part of the design guidelines.. © 2014 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland. Source

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