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Krastins B.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Prakash A.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Sarracino D.A.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Nedelkov D.,ThermoFisher Scientific LCD | And 21 more authors.
Clinical Biochemistry | Year: 2013

Objectives: The aim of this study was to develop high-throughput, quantitative and highly selective mass spectrometric, targeted immunoassays for clinically important proteins in human plasma or serum. Design and methods: The described method coupled mass spectrometric immunoassay (MSIA), a previously developed technique for immunoenrichment on a monolithic microcolumn activated with an anti-protein antibody and fixed in a pipette tip, to selected reaction monitoring (SRM) detection and accurate quantification of targeted peptides, including clinically relevant sequence or truncated variants. Results: In this report, we demonstrate the rapid development of MSIA-SRM assays for sixteen different target proteins spanning seven different clinically important areas (including neurological, Alzheimer's, cardiovascular, endocrine function, cancer and other diseases) and ranging in concentration from pg/mL to mg/mL. The reported MSIA-SRM assays demonstrated high sensitivity (within published clinical ranges), precision, robustness and high-throughput as well as specific detection of clinically relevant isoforms for many of the target proteins. Most of the assays were tested with bona-fide clinical samples.In addition, positive correlations, (R2 0.67-0.87, depending on the target peptide), were demonstrated for MSIA-SRM assay data with clinical analyzer measurements of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and insulin growth factor 1 (IGF1) in clinical sample cohorts. Conclusions: We have presented a practical and scalable method for rapid development and deployment of MS-based SRM assays for clinically relevant proteins and measured levels of the target analytes in bona fide clinical samples. The method permits the specific quantification of individual protein isoforms and addresses the difficult problem of protein heterogeneity in clinical proteomics applications. © 2013 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Source

Lopez M.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Kuppusamy R.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Sarracino D.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Prakash A.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2011

The accurate diagnosis of Trisomy 21 requires invasive procedures that carry a risk of miscarriage. The current state-of-the-art maternal serum screening tests measure levels of PAPP-A, free bhCG, AFP, and uE3 in various combinations with a maximum sensitivity of 60-75% and a false positive rate of 5%. There is currently an unmet need for noninvasive screening tests with high selectivity that can detect pregnancies at risk, preferably within the first trimester. The aim of this study was to apply proteomics and mass spectrometry techniques for the discovery of new putative biomarkers for Trisomy 21 in first trimester maternal serum coupled with the immediate development of quantitative selective reaction monitoring (SRM) assays. The results of the novel workflow were 2-fold: (1) we identified a list of differentially expressed proteins in Trisomy21 vs Normal samples, including PAPP-A, and (2) we developed a multiplexed, high-throughput SRM assay for verification of 12 new putative markers identified in the discovery experiments. To narrow down the initial large list of differentially expressed candidates resulting from the discovery experiments, we incorporated receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve algorithms early in the data analysis process. We believe this approach provides a substantial advantage in sifting through the large and complex data typically obtained from discovery experiments. The workflow efficiently mined information derived from high-resolution LC-MS/MS discovery data for the seamless construction of rapid, targeted assays that were performed on unfractionated serum digests. The SRM assay lower limit of detection (LLOD) for the target peptides in a background of digested serum matrix was approximately 250-500 attomoles on column and the limit of accurate quantitation (LOQ) was approximately 1-5 femtomoles on column. The assay error as determined by coefficient of variation at LOQ and above ranged from 0 to 16%. The workfloweveloped in this study bridges the gap between proteomic biomarker discovery and translation into a clinical research environment. Specifically, for Trisomy 21, the described multiplexed SRM assay provides a vehicle for high-throughput verification of these, and potentially other, peptide candidates on larger sample cohorts. ©2011 American Chemical Society. Source

Lopez M.F.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Rezai T.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Sarracino D.A.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | Prakash A.,ThermoFisher Scientific BRIMS | And 8 more authors.
Clinical Chemistry | Year: 2010

BACKGROUND: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) assays able to distinguish between full-length PTH (PTH1-84) and N-terminally truncated PTH (PTH7-84) are of increasing significance in the accurate diagnosis of endocrine and osteological diseases. We describe the discovery of new N-terminal and C-terminalPTHvariants and the development of selected reaction monitoring (SRM)-based immunoassays specifically designed for the detection of full-length PTH [amino acid (aa)1-84] and 2 N-terminal variants, aa7-84 and aa34-84. METHODS: Preparation of mass spectrometric immunoassay pipettor tips and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometric analysis were carried out as previously described. We used novel software to develop SRM assays on a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer. Heavy isotope-labeled versions of target peptides were used as internal standards. RESULTS: Top-down analysis of samples from healthy individuals and renal failure patients revealed numerous PTH variants, including previously unidentified aa28-84, aa48-84, aa34-77, aa37-77, and aa38-77. Quantitative SRM assays were developed for PTH1-84, PTH7-84, and variant aa34-84. Peptides exhibited linear responses (R2 = 0.90-0.99) relative to recombinant human PTH concentration limits of detection for intact PTH of 8 ng/L and limits of quantification of 16-31 ng/L depending on the peptide. Standard error of analysis for all triplicate measurements was 3%-12% for all peptides, with <5% chromatographic drift between replicates. The CVs of integrated areas under the curve for 54 separate measurements of heavy peptides were 5%-9%. CONCLUSIONS: Mass spectrometric immunoassays identified new clinical variants of PTH and provided a quantitative assay for these and previously identified forms of PTH. © 2009 American Association for Clinical Chemistry. Source

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