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Sainte-Foy-lès-Lyon, France

Forraz N.,Therapy Research Institute CTI LYON | Wright K.,Therapy Research Institute CTI LYON | Jurga M.,Therapy Research Institute CTI LYON | Mcguckin C.,Therapy Research Institute CTI LYON
Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine | Year: 2013

Several stem cell-based therapeutic tools are currently being investigated for the regeneration of central nervous system (CNS) injuries. This review focuses on innovative approaches for CNS tissue repair via the use of implantable cellular devices. These devices are supported by biopharmaceuticals and conventional physiotherapy for the restoration of lost neuronal circuits and CNS function. This paper further reviews new and promising tools currently in pre-clinical and clinical tests for the treatment of CNS diseases where substantial loss of cellular and extracellular components of neural tissue has occurred such as stroke, encephalopathy and traumatic neural injuries. We also discuss selected 3D bioscaffolds co-cultured with clinically applicable human mesenchymal stem cells. Recent advances in neural tissue engineering and stem cell differentiation methods have shown promise for their clinical application in treating yet incurable CNS deficits. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Source

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