Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2015-08-20
A recirculating bioreactor exhaust apparatus designed to remove a gaseous element from the bioreactor exhaust, such as carbon dioxide, by freezing the gaseous element and then returning the remaining exhaust gas to the bioreactor and a method of use.
Rao V.A.,Therapeutic Proteins
Antioxidants and Redox Signaling | Year: 2013
Significance: Iron and topoisomerases are abundant and essential cellular components. Iron is required for several key processes such as DNA synthesis, mitochondrial electron transport, synthesis of heme, and as a co-factor for many redox enzymes. Topoisomerases serve as critical enzymes that resolve topological problems during DNA synthesis, transcription, and repair. Neoplastic cells have higher uptake and utilization of iron, as well as elevated levels of topoisomerase family members. Separately, the chelation of iron and the cytotoxic inhibition of topoisomerase have yielded potent anticancer agents. Recent Advances: The chemotherapeutic drugs doxorubicin and dexrazoxane both chelate iron and target topoisomerase 2 alpha (top2α). Newer chelators such as di-2-pyridylketone-4,4,-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone and thiosemicarbazone-24 have recently been identified as top2α inhibitors. The growing list of agents that appear to chelate iron and inhibit topoisomerases prompts the question of whether and how these two distinct mechanisms might interplay for a cytotoxic chemotherapeutic outcome. Critical Issues: While iron chelation and topoisomerase inhibition each represent mechanistically advantageous anticancer therapeutic strategies, dual targeting agents present an attractive multi-modal opportunity for enhanced anticancer tumor killing and overcoming drug resistance. The commonalities and caveats of dual inhibition are presented in this review. Future Directions: Gaps in knowledge, relevant biomarkers, and strategies for future in vivo studies with dual inhibitors are discussed. © 2013, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2016-05-18
A method and an apparatus for separating suspended matter from liquid includes a concentrator filter that draws the liquid out of the suspension while the filter kept unblocked by a sparging filter that allows scrubbing of the concentrator filter by gas bubbles. This invention can be used to replace cross-flow filtration and centrifugation in the bioprocess industry and to reduce the volume of suspensions to concentrate the yield of the end product in the chemical industry.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2015-05-20
A single-pass HVAC systems to isolate zones and to maintain a required clean air quality standard is provided that operates by producing a positive pressure in all zones, while exhausting on a minimal quantity of air required by law. The zones are kept clean by a recirculating fan filter in each zone. The exhaust air is used to exchange heat with incoming air to conserve energy further.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2015-04-13
An exhaust system suitable for high volume exhaust from flexible disposable bags is described that prevents nutrient media volume loss and prevents cross-contamination without using any filters. The invention described here allows the use of disposable two-dimensional bioreactors for the cultivation of bacterial and other organisms and cells require high aeration.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2015-06-12
A method of homogenously mixing the contents of a plurality of bioreactors by providing a receiving container capable of holding an appropriate quantity of the liquid and repeatedly raising and lowering the receiving container to a position above or below the position of the bioreactors resulting in mixing the contents of the bioreactors.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2016-02-23
A chromatography column that captures components in a process liquid in a free flow state and allows elution in steps is described.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2016-04-21
Large-scale downstream processing of secreted recombinant proteins is provided in a single device, wherein the contents of a plurality of bioreactors are combined simultaneous to their harvesting and purification resulting in significant savings of time and the cost of manufacturing.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2016-02-25
Pressurized hermetically sealed bags disposed inside a cylindrical support and containing a septum with variable density of porosity and dividing the bag into two chambers are used to provide optimal mixing and gasification of nutrient media to grow a variety of biological cultures, particularly the cell cultures to produce a multitude of pharmaceutical and biotechnology products in a disposable system.
Therapeutic Proteins | Date: 2016-03-21
A buoyant device containing chromatography media performs the function of protein harvesting replacing the steps of cell separation and volume reduction; the device can be loaded into columns for further purification.