TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc.

Suigen, South Korea

TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc.

Suigen, South Korea
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

Jung J.-H.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | Jung J.-H.,Korean University of Science and Technology | Ko J.,Theragen Etex Bio Institute Inc. | Lee E.-H.,Korea Institute of Science and Technology | And 8 more authors.
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part - C: Toxicology and Pharmacology | Year: 2017

To determine and compare the toxic effects of Iranian heavy crude oil (IHCO) on the embryonic development of two fish species, we examined transcriptome profiles using RNA-seq. The assembled contigs were 66,070 unigenes in olive flounder embryos and 76,498 unigenes in spotted seabass embryos. In the differential gene expression (DEG) profiles, olive flounder embryos showed different up- and down-regulated patterns than spotted seabass embryos in response to fresh IHCO (FIHCO) and weathered IHCO (WIHCO). In this work, we categorized DEG profiles into six pathways: ribosome, oxidative phosphorylation, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, and cardiac muscle contraction, validating the expression patterns of 13 DEGs using real-time quantitative RT-PCR. The expression of the CYP1A, CYP1B1, and CYP1C1 genes in spotted seabass embryos was higher than in olive flounder embryos, whereas genes related to cell processing, development, and the immune system showed the opposite trend. Orthologous gene cluster analysis showed that olive flounder embryos were sensitive (fold change of genes with cutoff P < 0.05) to both FIHCO and WIHCO, but spotted seabass embryos exhibited higher sensitivity to WIHCO than FIHCO, indicating that species-specific differences are likely to be reflected in population levels after oil spills. Overall, our study provides new insight on the different embryonic susceptibilities of two marine fish species to FIHCO and WIHCO and a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms via RNA-seq and DEGs. © 2017 Elsevier Inc.


Heo W.I.,Chung - Ang University | Park K.Y.,Chung - Ang University | Jin T.,Chung - Ang University | Lee M.-K.,Chung - Ang University | And 6 more authors.
BMC Medical Genetics | Year: 2017

Background: The prevalence of atopic dermatitis has increased over the last 10 years. Atopic dermatitis tends to run in families and commonly begins to manifest in childhood. The prevalence of atopic dermatitis is as high as 20% in children. Thus, early diagnosis and treatment of atopic dermatitis are important. Understanding its genetic basis is also needed to facilitate early detection. Methods: To identify family-specific candidate genetic variants associated with early-onset atopic dermatitis in Koreans, we carried out whole-exome sequencing of three separate families with this condition. Additional validation was performed in 112 AD patients and 61 controls using Sanger sequencing. Results: We focused on both common functional variants with a minor allele frequency higher than 1% and rare variants with a minor allele frequency less than 1%. The relevance of the respective variants was supported by a program that could predict whether the mutations resulted in damaged protein function. Fourteen overlapping genes were identified during exome sequencing. Three variants of the COL6A6 gene appeared in all three families and were in close proximity to atopic dermatitis-related loci on chromosome 3q21. The homozygous frequency for the rs16830494 minor allele (AA) and the rs59021909 (TT) allele and the rs200963433 heterozygous (CT) frequency were all higher in AD cases compared to controls in a population-based case-control study. Conclusion: Identifying family-specific COL6A6 polymorphisms and genetic variants of other candidate genes associated with AD using WES is a novel approach. Our study suggests that COL6A6 variants may be risk factors for atopic dermatitis. This study provides a genetic basis for early-onset AD diagnosis in Korean patients and the development of new therapies. Trial registration: Trial registration number: IRB NO. C2008030 (133); Name of registry: The collection research of clinical data and patient blood to identify genetic and protein biomarker of atopic dermatitis; Date of registration: 09-July-2008. Trial registration number: IRB NO. C2015258 (1716); Name of registry: The collection study of patient blood and clinical data for the development of the prognosis prediction and early diagnosis of atopic dermatitis; Date of registration: 15-jan-2016. © 2017 The Author(s).


Hu H.-J.,TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc. | Park S.-G.,TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc. | Jang H.B.,Korea National Institute of Health | Choi M.-G.,Hallym University | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

Obesity is an increasing public health concern worldwide. According to the latest Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report (2014), the incidence of child obesity in Korea has exceeded the OECD average. To better understand and control this condition, the present study examined the composition of the gut microbial community in normal and obese adolescents. Fecal samples were collected from 67 obese (body mass index [BMI] < 30 kg/m2, or < 99th BMI percentile) and 67 normal (BMI < 25 kg/m2 or < 85th BMI percentile) Korean adolescents aged 13-16 years and subjected to 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Analysis of bacterial composition according to taxonomic rank (genus, family, and phylum) revealed marked differences in the Bacteroides and Prevotella populations in normal and obese samples (p < 0.005) at the genus and family levels; however, there was no difference in the Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio between normal and obese adolescents samples at the phylum level (F/B normal = 0.50 ± 0.53; F/B obese = 0.56 ± 0.86; p = 0.384). Statistical analysis revealed a significant association between the compositions of several bacterial taxa and child obesity. Among these, Bacteroides and Prevotella showed the most significant association with BMI (p < 0.0001 and 0.0001, respectively). We also found that the composition of Bacteroides was negatively associated with triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-crp) (p = 0.0049, 0.0023, and 0.0038, respectively) levels, whereas that of Prevotella was positively associated with TG and hs-crp levels (p = 0.0394 and 0.0150, respectively). We then applied the association rule mining algorithm to generate "rules" to identify the association between the populations of multiple bacterial taxa and obesity; these rules were able to discriminate obese from normal states. Therefore, the present study describes a systemic approach to identify the association between bacterial populations in the gut and childhood obesity. © 2015 Hu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Lee H.-J.,Korea National Institute of Health | Jang H.B.,Korea National Institute of Health | Kim H.-J.,Korea National Institute of Health | Ahn Y.,Korea National Institute of Health | And 5 more authors.
Clinica Chimica Acta | Year: 2015

Background: Glucokinase regulator (GCKR) plays important roles in the regulation of glucokinase (GK) activity and the metabolism of glucose and lipids. We investigated whether the association between GCKR genetic variants with serum lipids in Korean adults is replicated in children, and whether these genetic influences might be modulated by dietary monounsaturated fatty acid relative to saturated fatty acid (MUFA:SFA) ratio. Methods: We genotyped 711 children for GCKR variants, used 7495 adults in KARE database, and analyzed anthropometric, biochemical, and dietary measurements. Results: The major allele carriers of rs780094 and rs780092 in adults had significantly higher serum total cholesterol and triglycerides levels compared to noncarriers. Five variants in children, including rs780094 and rs780092, correlated similarly with high total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. When the dietary MUFA:SFA ratio was dichotomized (MUFA:SFA. ≥. 1 or <. 1), the aggravating effects of the major allele on total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides were only evident in the group in which MUFA:SFA ratio was <. 1. Additionally, we observed that the GCKR haplotype with a functional variant, rs1260326, influenced lower total and LDL cholesterol in children whose MUFA:SFA ratio was <. 1. Conclusion: We replicated the genetic association effect of GCKR on total cholesterol in children, and found that the interaction effects between GCKR genetic variants and the dietary MUFA:SFA ratio on lipid levels, were commonly observed in Korean adults and children. © 2015.


PubMed | TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc., Hallym University, Korea National Institute of Health, Sacred Heart University at Connecticut and Inje University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

Obesity is an increasing public health concern worldwide. According to the latest Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report (2014), the incidence of child obesity in Korea has exceeded the OECD average. To better understand and control this condition, the present study examined the composition of the gut microbial community in normal and obese adolescents. Fecal samples were collected from 67 obese (body mass index [BMI] 30 kg/m2, or 99th BMI percentile) and 67 normal (BMI < 25 kg/m2 or < 85th BMI percentile) Korean adolescents aged 13-16 years and subjected to 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Analysis of bacterial composition according to taxonomic rank (genus, family, and phylum) revealed marked differences in the Bacteroides and Prevotella populations in normal and obese samples (p < 0.005) at the genus and family levels; however, there was no difference in the Firmicutes-to-Bacteroidetes (F/B) ratio between normal and obese adolescents samples at the phylum level (F/B normal = 0.50 0.53; F/B obese = 0.56 0.86; p = 0.384). Statistical analysis revealed a significant association between the compositions of several bacterial taxa and child obesity. Among these, Bacteroides and Prevotella showed the most significant association with BMI (p < 0.0001 and 0.0001, respectively). We also found that the composition of Bacteroides was negatively associated with triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-crp) (p = 0.0049, 0.0023, and 0.0038, respectively) levels, whereas that of Prevotella was positively associated with TG and hs-crp levels (p = 0.0394 and 0.0150, respectively). We then applied the association rule mining algorithm to generate rules to identify the association between the populations of multiple bacterial taxa and obesity; these rules were able to discriminate obese from normal states. Therefore, the present study describes a systemic approach to identify the association between bacterial populations in the gut and childhood obesity.


Yoon K.,CHA Medical University | Lee S.,Personal Genomics Institute | Lee S.,TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc. | Han T.-S.,Seoul National University | And 16 more authors.
Genome Research | Year: 2013

Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a critical mechanism that drives genetic aberrations in cancer. To identify the entire MS mutation, we performed the first comprehensive genome- and transcriptome-wide analyses of mutations associated with MSI in Korean gastric cancer cell lines and primary tissues. We identified 18,377 MS mutations of five or more repeat nucleotides in coding sequences and untranslated regions of genes, and discovered 139 individual genes whose expression was down-regulated in association with UTR MS mutation. In addition, we found that 90.5% of MS mutations with deletions in gene regions occurred in UTRs. This analysis emphasizes the genetic diversity of MSI-H gastric tumors and provides clues to the mechanistic basis of instability in microsatellite unstable gastric cancers. © 2013, Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

Loading TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc. collaborators
Loading TheragenEtex Bio Institute Inc. collaborators