The West Cancer Center

Memphis, TN, United States

The West Cancer Center

Memphis, TN, United States
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Nasir S.S.,University of Memphis | Nasir S.S.,The West Cancer Center | Giri S.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Nunnery S.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia | Year: 2017

Micro-Abstract Studies on the outcome of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are limited. We compared outcomes of AYAs (age, 19-30 years) and pediatric (age, 0-18 years) patients with AML and APL using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-18 registry. AYA patients with AML have worse early mortality and overall survival compared with pediatric patients with AML, whereas AYA and pediatric patients with APL have similar outcomes. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.


Hahn A.W.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Li B.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Li B.,The West Cancer Center | Prouet P.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | And 2 more authors.
Blood Reviews | Year: 2016

Acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMegL) is a biologically heterogenous subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that arises from megakaryocytes. Improvements in the accuracy of diagnosing AMegL as well as interest in the molecular analysis of leukemias have led to an increased amount of data available on this rare AML subtype. In this review, we will analyze the diverse molecular features unique to AMegL and how they have influenced the development of novel treatment strategies, including polyploidization. The review will also consider the data available on clinical outcomes in AMegL and how it is a poor individual prognostic factor for AML. Finally, the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant in AMegL will be explored. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | The West Cancer Center and University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Blood reviews | Year: 2016

Acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMegL) is a biologically heterogenous subtype of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that arises from megakaryocytes. Improvements in the accuracy of diagnosing AMegL as well as interest in the molecular analysis of leukemias have led to an increased amount of data available on this rare AML subtype. In this review, we will analyze the diverse molecular features unique to AMegL and how they have influenced the development of novel treatment strategies, including polyploidization. The review will also consider the data available on clinical outcomes in AMegL and how it is a poor individual prognostic factor for AML. Finally, the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant in AMegL will be explored.


Owens L.D.,University of Memphis | Koch R.W.,The West Cancer Center
Nursing Clinics of North America | Year: 2015

Nurses play a vital role in improving the safety and quality of patient care. The authors provide the front-line nurse providers with an overview of critical concepts related to quality management of patient care. A historical approach provides the reader with an overview of the trajectory or the quality in health care movement. Furthermore, the article provides the nurse with a basic understanding of national and international organizations that focus on quality patient care. A brief introduction of measures of quality care is presented as well as implications for nursing practice. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.


PubMed | The West Cancer Center and University of Memphis
Type: Historical Article | Journal: The Nursing clinics of North America | Year: 2015

Nurses play a vital role in improving the safety and quality of patient care. The authors provide the front-line nurse providers with an overview of critical concepts related to quality management of patient care. A historical approach provides the reader with an overview of the trajectory or the quality in health care movement. Furthermore, the article provides the nurse with a basic understanding of national and international organizations that focus on quality patient care. A brief introduction of measures of quality care is presented as well as implications for nursing practice.


Hahn A.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Giri S.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Yaghmour G.,University of Tennessee Health Science Center | Yaghmour G.,The West Cancer Center | Martin M.G.,The West Cancer Center
Leukemia Research | Year: 2015

The Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) described the expected early mortality rate (EMR) for patients with non-M3 AML by age enrolled in clinical trials, but it is unclear how generalizable this data is. We sought to compare SWOG's reported EMR to that of the general population by utilizing the case listing session of SEER 18 matched to the accrual periods of the SWOG studies. 26,272 patients were identified within SEER compared to 968 in the SWOG cohort with mortality data. The EMR was 26.7% (7022 events) in the SEER cohort versus 12.2% (116) in the SWOG cohort. The EMR was higher in the SEER cohort in every studied age group and definition of EMR. Stepwise logistic regression analysis identified increasing age, black race (OR 1.15, CI 1.03-1.29, p. <. 0.01), and monocytic differentiation (OR 1.55, CI 1.27-1.89, p. <. 0.01) as predictors of higher EMR. This study demonstrates that EMR in patients with non-M3 AML is higher in the general patient population than reported in SWOG clinical trials. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.


PubMed | The West Cancer Center, University of Nebraska Medical Center and University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Leukemia research | Year: 2015

Compared to secondary acute myeloid leukemia, secondary acute lymphoblastic leukemia (sALL) is poorly characterized. We utilized data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) 13 database to further elucidate patient characteristics and prognostic factors in sALL. Cases of adult de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and sALL in patients with primary breast, rectum, cervix, or ovarian cancers or lymphoma with a latency period of at least 12 months were identified within the SEER 13 database. Survival in sALL and de novo ALL were compared after propensity matching based on age, gender, race, ALL subtype, and year of diagnosis. 4124 cases of de novo ALL and 79 cases of sALL were identified. sALL patients were older at diagnosis (median 62 years vs. 44 years; p<0.01). Overall survival (OS) in sALL was lower than de novo ALL (median 8 months vs. 11 months), 1 year OS: 35% vs. 47% (p=0.05), 2 year OS: 16% vs. 31% (p<0.01), and 5 year OS: 7% vs. 21% (p<0.01). Multivariate analysis revealed sALL as an independent predictor of worsened survival (adjusted HR 1.54; 95% CI 1.16-2.04, p<0.01) after propensity matching.


PubMed | Caris Life science, The West Cancer Center and University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of ovarian research | Year: 2016

As we have previously reported, small cell carcinoma of the ovary (SCCO) is a rare, aggressive form of ovarian cancer associated with poor outcomes. In an effort to identify new treatment options, we utilized comprehensive genomic profiling to assess the potential for novel therapies in SCCO.Patients with SCCO, SCCO-HT (hypercalcemic type), neuroendocrine tumors of the ovary (NET-O), and small cell carcinoma of the lung (SCLC) profiled by Caris Life Sciences between 2007-2015 were identified. Tumors were assessed with up to 21 IHC stains, in situ hybridization of cMET, EGFR, HER2 and PIK3CA, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) as well as Sanger sequencing of selected genes.Forty-six patients with SCCO (10 SCCO, 18 SCCO-HT, 18 NET-O) were identified as well as 58 patients with SCLC for comparison. Patients with SCCO and SCCO-HT were younger (median 42 years [range 12-75] and 26 years [range 8-40], respectively) than patients with NET-O 62 [range 13-76] or SCLC 66 [range 36-86]. SCCO patients were more likely to be metastatic (70 %) than SCCO-HT (50 %) or NET-O (33 %) patients, but at a similar rate to SCLC patients (65 %). PD1 expression varied across tumor type with SCCO (100 %), SCCO-HT (60 %), NET-O (33 %) vs SCLC (42 %). PDL1 expression also varied with SCCO (50 %), SCCO-HT (20 %), NET-O (33 %) and SCLC (0 %). No amplifications were identified in cMET, EGFR, or HER2 and only 1 was found in PIK3CA (NET-O). Actionable mutations were rare with 1 patient with SCCO having a BRCA2 mutation and 1 patient with NET-O having a PIK3CA mutation. No other actionable mutations were identified.No recurrent actionable mutations or rearrangements were identified using this platform in SCCO. IHC patterns may help guide the use of chemotherapy in these rare tumors.


PubMed | The West Cancer Center and University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Type: | Journal: Case reports in surgery | Year: 2015

Primary squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the gallbladder is a rare malignancy of the gallbladder, accounting for less than 5% of gallbladder pathology. Initial presentation is often similar to adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder. SCC tends to be more locally aggressive, however, and possesses a worse prognosis than adenocarcinoma. We report a case of locally advanced SCC of the gallbladder.


PubMed | The West Cancer Center and University of Tennessee Health Science Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Leukemia research | Year: 2015

The Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) described the expected early mortality rate (EMR) for patients with non-M3 AML by age enrolled in clinical trials, but it is unclear how generalizable this data is. We sought to compare SWOGs reported EMR to that of the general population by utilizing the case listing session of SEER 18 matched to the accrual periods of the SWOG studies. 26,272 patients were identified within SEER compared to 968 in the SWOG cohort with mortality data. The EMR was 26.7% (7022 events) in the SEER cohort versus 12.2% (116) in the SWOG cohort. The EMR was higher in the SEER cohort in every studied age group and definition of EMR. Stepwise logistic regression analysis identified increasing age, black race (OR 1.15, CI 1.03-1.29, p<0.01), and monocytic differentiation (OR 1.55, CI 1.27-1.89, p<0.01) as predictors of higher EMR. This study demonstrates that EMR in patients with non-M3 AML is higher in the general patient population than reported in SWOG clinical trials.

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