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Egorov V.I.,The Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery | Butkevich A.C.,Main Hospital of the Russian Federal Security Service | Sazhin A.V.,Moscow State University | Yashina N.I.,The Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery | Bogdanov S.N.,Main Hospital of the Russian Federal Security Service
Journal of the Pancreas | Year: 2010

Context Duodenal dystrophy is a rare disease, characterized by the chronic inflammation of the aberrant pancreatic tissue in the duodenal wall. Case reports Two middle-aged men were admitted with upper abdominal pain of several months duration, periodic nausea and vomiting after meals, intermittent jaundice and weight loss. A diagnosis of cystic dystrophy of the vertical part of the duodenum without chronic inflammation of the orthotopic pancreas was established in both cases by multi-detector computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and endosonography. Both patients were successfully treated by two modifications of pancreas-preserving duodenal resections with reimplantation of the bile and pancreatic ducts into the neoduodenum. Conclusion These cases are a good example of a pancreas-preserving approach to duodenal dystrophy treatment and can be an alternative to the Whipple procedure in cases of mild changes of the orthotopic gland. Source


Egorov V.I.,The Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery | Yashina N.I.,The Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery | Fedorov A.V.,The Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery | Karmazanovsky G.G.,The Vishnevsky Institute of Surgery | And 2 more authors.
Journal of the Pancreas | Year: 2010

Context It is important to recognize arterial variants in the preoperative planning of extended pancreatic resections. The absence of surgical confirmation of radiological data is a limitation of the majority of angiographic or CT-angiographic studies of celiac and mesenteric arterial anatomy. Objective The purpose of this study was to test the accuracy of CT angiography in delineating the arterial architecture by comparing the resultant 3D images with findings at surgery and determining the frequency of different celiac and mesenteric arterial anatomy variants. Methods Abdominal CT angiographies of 350 patients were performed on a 64- and 256-MDCT scanner prior to major pancreatic or hepatobiliary surgery. Variants of celiac and mesenteric arterial anatomy were documented as 3D reconstructions. Radiological data were compared to operative photographs during extended pancreaticoduodenectomies and extended distal pancreatectomies in 59 cases. Results Only 197 patients (56.3%) had the classic arterial anatomy identified at CT angiography. The most common variants were a replaced or accessory right hepatic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery (62 cases, 17.7%) and a replaced or accessory left hepatic artery (43 cases, 12.3%) originating from the left gastric artery. According to a comparison with operative photographs, CT angiography demonstrated 100% accuracy in identifying celiac and mesenteric arterial anatomy variants, stenoses, obstructions and aneurysms of the celiac and mesenteric branches, including those which were hemodynamically significant and which influence the choice and sequence of operative procedures. Conclusion The celiac and mesenteric arterial anatomy variants are fairly common and are of great significance in planning extended pancreatic resections. Radiological findings were fully corroborated by operative data, which means that CT angiography is a reliable tool for identifying celiac and mesenteric arterial anatomy aberrations and arterial lesions. Source

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