South East, United Kingdom

The University of Winchester

www.winchester.ac.uk
South East, United Kingdom

The University of Winchester is a public new university based in Winchester, Hampshire, England. It received the power to award its own Research Degrees in August 2008. Winchester is a historic cathedral city and the ancient capital of Wessex and the Kingdom of England. . Wikipedia.


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Forsman H.,The University of Winchester
Business Strategy and the Environment | Year: 2013

The aim of this paper is to examine the links between developed environmental innovations and the competitiveness of firms. It seeks answers to the question: Are the developed environmental innovations associated with the improved or impaired competitiveness of firms? In addition, it explores how competitive advantage is created along the innovation process. This will be done by comparing the successful and unsuccessful green innovators. The empirical evidence is based on the longitudinal dataset gathered from 128 Finnish firms which have developed one or more environmental innovations. The data covers nine years from 2002 to 2010. This study provides two contributions to academic literature. First, it deepens the existing knowledge of how environmental innovations are associated with competitive advantage. It identifies the types of competitive advantages as well as potential disadvantages along the innovation process. Second, this study demonstrates how the competitive advantage was enhanced along the successful innovation process. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment.


Despite an 'epidemic' of delayed childbirth in England and Wales beyond a woman's optimally fertile years, research shows that young adults are unaware of or misunderstand the risks regarding starting or extending families that such behaviour entails. Currently, sex education syllabi in British schools neglect these issues, rendering school leavers ignorant of them.These curricula cannot be improved until more is known about adolescents' knowledge of relevant topics. In the light of this, this article describes exploratory research on how teenage girls in one English school think about the reproductive lifespan. Going beyond recent 'scientific' investigations which have mostly only tested the extent of ignorance of young adults, this qualitative enquiry used theories of the life course and emerging adlthood to analyse data gathered in interviews. It sought to understand not only what girls know, but how they apply their knowledge in relation to their assumptions about aging, motherhood, pregnancy, parenting and employment. One finding is highlighted here: that whilst "correct" knowledge about the reproductive lifespan does appear to be held by teenage girls, the ability to apply that knowledge and connect the socio-cultural with the biological domain, may not always be in place. This is relevant for curriculum developers aiming to prepare future citizens to take full control of their reproductive health, and policy makers responsible for ensuring an appropriate public health message about these concerns is available after formal schooling ends. © 2014 The British Fertility Society.


Morley E.,The University of Winchester
International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education | Year: 2012

This paper summarises the findings of research conducted with one cohort of English undergraduate primary teacher trainees on point of entry to a 4-year course. The research examines the perceptions held of geography as a subject discipline and the purposes of teaching the subject. Two hundred and eleven trainees were asked to define geography and provide information about their pre-course qualifications as well as their perceptions of the current primary geography curriculum. A volunteer sample of 12 students then completed a nominal group exercise which explored trainees understanding of the purposes of teaching geography and the skills that they considered they brought to the teaching of the subject. The findings indicate that trainees had an information-orientated perception of geography and did not appear to fully appreciate the breadth of the subject. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.


Giles D.C.,The University of Winchester | Newbold J.,The University of Winchester
Qualitative Health Research | Year: 2011

This article consists of a qualitative analysis of discussion forums in online mental health communities whose members routinely write about diagnosis. The analysis concerns the function of diagnosis from the perspective of personal identity, with particular focus on the status of official diagnosis, as well as community members' discussions of symptoms and psychiatric syndromes that amount to informal diagnosis or consultation. Self-diagnosis sometimes takes the form of recommended "quizzes" and other online quasi-diagnostic tools. Other-diagnosis, in which a third party is discussed by community members, is also considered. We discuss the implications of such online discourse for Internet users themselves as well the challenges for the health and medical professions. © The Author(s) 2011.


Forsman H.,Lappeenranta University of Technology | Forsman H.,The University of Winchester
Research Policy | Year: 2011

This paper explores what kinds of innovations have been developed in small manufacturing and service enterprises and what has been the degree of innovation capacity that small enterprises possess. In addition, it compares what differences there are across the manufacturing and service sectors. The empirical evidence is based on quantitative data gathered through an email questionnaire which yielded 708 qualified responses from the representatives of Finnish small enterprises with fewer than 50 employees. The analysis is based on descriptive statistics and non-parametric tests. The evidence displays a rich diversity of innovation patterns in small enterprises. The empirical evidence demonstrates only slight differences between the manufacturing and service industries while it indicates significant differences across the sectors within these industries. The value of the present study lies in the better understanding of innovation development in small enterprises. The rich diversity of innovation patterns in small enterprises suggests that diversity should also direct the policies aiming at supporting innovation development in the context of small business. Finally, applying these results will provide more specific questions for studying the nature of innovation development in small enterprises. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Fellowship | Award Amount: 39.29K | Year: 2011

This research project contributes to the writing of, Writing Jewish: Contemporary British-Jewish Literature (1990-the present), a 70,000 word monograph which is under contract with Palgrave (to be submitted by May, 2012).The project brings a new perspective to a developing area within literary studies by exploring the relationship between contemporary Jewish and British identities in ways which have not previously been addressed. These are, as Andrew Motion recently made clear in awarding Howard Jacobson the Man Booker prize, issues of increasing cultural and social relevance. \n \nIn fiction, memoirs and journalism, writers are addressing increasingly challenging questions about what it means to be both British and Jewish in the twenty-first century. Linda Grant has recently described herself as a category error (2006, p.5) This ironic self-presentation is a recurring theme in recent British-Jewish memoirs and novels. Themes of disconnection run through many of these texts. As Howard Jacobson put it in Roots Schmoots, recalling his own childhood sense of split identity whilst growing up in 1950s Manchester, we faced in opposite directions, we were our own antithesis(1993, p.3). Sometimes this sense of dislocation is expressed as a yearning for wholeness. But, the uncertainties associated with being a category error, and the awareness of not quite belonging, also generate a productive spirit of self-reflexive enquiry. \n\nThroughout this project, I want to question this emphasis on ambiguity and tension to ask the following questions:\n\n -In what ways is the theorisation of Jewishness as paradigmatic of instability within the shifting and unstable conditions of postmodernity challenged by a precise focus on the particularity of British Jewishness within contemporary writing?\n -In what ways are British-Jewish writers interrogating, embracing or resisting the diverse and diffuse forms of identification present within British culture today?\n -To what extent is it necessary to place this writing within a comparative framework in order to explore how it intersects with other aspects of contemporary British literature?\n -Does a focus on the representation of British-Jewishness in particular reveal any wider preoccupations or anxieties within contemporary British culture?\n\nMy research in this area extends the existing work in the field to develop a sustained argument about the particularity of the British-Jewish context within contemporary writing. It will engage with current critical debates and also, emphasising the contemporary nature of the study, incorporate readings of key British-Jewish texts published within the two year period of writing the book. This research presents a new perspective that will contribute to the development of this field of literary criticism and intervene in debates about wider issues of religion, ethnicity and identity within contemporary British culture.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 528.01K | Year: 2011

Inquisitions post mortem (IPMs) are records of the lands held at their deaths by tenants of the crown. They are the single most important source for the study of landed society in later medieval England and, to a lesser extent, of Tudor and Stuart England. Thousands survive in The National Archives at Kew. Those for the years 1236-1447 and 1485-1509 have been calendared in 29 large volumes (CIPMs). These volumes are highly expensive and difficult to manipulate in the ways required by modern scholarship and now feasible using computer technology.\n\nThis project is a collaborative venture by Prof Michael Hicks of the University of Winchester and the Centre for Computing in the Humanities at Kings College London. Priority is being given to the electronic publication, wider dissemination, and enhancement to the best modern standards of CIPMs already published. There have been three smaller projects funded by the Marc Fitch Fund, the University of Winchester, and the British Academy that have established the feasability of what is proposed. The project builds on CCHs vast experience and expertise arising from the Fine Rolls and Gascon Rolls projects.\nThis project will digitise all the CIPMs (1236-1447, 1485-1509) and publish them on open access on British History Online to make them much more widely accessible to any researcher anywhere in the world.\n\nFor no period are IPMs more important than the fifteenth century, which has been described as one of the most formative but least researched periods in English agrarian history (Campbell, 1993). Fortunately the most recent volumes spanning 1399-1447 have been calendared to the highest standards to meet the most demanding requirements of modern historians . This project will enhance these volumes as necessary with sophisticated structural and semantic markup that will enable analysis and mapping of their content and thus convert them into a digital interface that operates as a web-mounted interactive database linked to a mapping system. This will permit sophisticated searching, analysis, and visualisation through maps of all the data that currently is almost unusable. This will place this material and the study of the medieval countryside on a radically improved footing.\n\nThe project will include a full source study that will test the reliability of the data and establish where it is to be trusted and where discounted. IPMs copied from earlier documents will be identified, thus enabling them to be excluded from calculations. Two in-depth case studies will demonstrate the value and potential fof the IPM data and will provide guidance on how such material can be most effectively used. There will be a conference of invited experts that will generate a guide to future users for publication both online and as hard copy.\n\nThe project will make a major contribution to understanding of English rural society in the first half of the fifteenth century. It will enable well-known developments in agrarian history, such as the shift from arable to pasture, to be traced in much greater detail. It will enable historians to trace in detail the changing value of land and the changing shape of aristocratic incomes, It will provide vital insight into the strategies used by families to preserve and parcel out their inheritances in a period when demographic decline led to a considerable increase in female and collateral heirs. It will promote more detailed and extensive research on the identities and activities of the jurors whose verdicts formed the basis of IPMs, and thus on the rural middling sort in the fifteenth century.\n\nFollowing the completion of this project, it is intended to enhance the electronic text of the other published volumes to the same standard so that they too can be fully exploited.\n


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Fellowship | Award Amount: 35.52K | Year: 2012

The main product of this research is a book Theodore Dreiser and Democracy, which explores the interwoven literary and political work of the American writer Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945). In his novels Dreiser depicted characters struggling for autonomy, success and self-fulfilment against backdrops that remain very recognisable: commodified identities in Sister Carrie (1900); unplanned pregnancy in Jennie Gerhardt (1911); complicated financial systems in The Financier (1912), The Titan (1914), and The Bulwark (1947); and the American dream of social mobility in An American Tragedy (1925). This in part is why Dreisers novels continue to be read for pleasure, as well as being canonical texts of American literature. Yet until now critics have generally disregarded, and readers remained largely unaware of Dreisers lifetime of political engagement, which spanned the USAs emergence from political isolation in the 1890s to the beginnning of the Cold War. During this time, Dreiser produced three volumes of political writing and around two hundred articles, pamphlets, and other pieces. His interests spanned the welfare of children, womens activities as political reformers, war resistance, anti-imperialism and campaigning for what he called equity.Now, after the 2011 publication of my edited collection of Dreisers political writing, it is possible to read the novels and the political writing side by side, in their historical context and our own.I show how Dreisers political writings extend and amplify the concerns of his novels, and how in turn a sense of his political concerns emphases certain themes in the novels. For example, key to the narratives of Jennie Gerhardt and An American Tragedy is the ability (or inability) of characters from different social classes to access birth control, a concern amplified by Dreisers writing and campaigning in the 1920s to lift the legal ban on distributing contraceptive advice and materials. Again, his ambivalence over the power of ambitious individuals in The Financier and The Titan was further explored in political writing which tried to negotiate between recognising the value to society of successful individuals, and resisting exploitative concentrations of power. Dreisers even-handed account of the collision between individual ambition and over-reach, complex and arcane financial systems, and unpredictable real-world events in these novels is strikingly relevant to our times. As a political novelist, he offers a way of understanding such issues which combines social, individual and more systematic perspectives.Dreisers novels are often read as narrating how, eventually, even the most dynamic individuals are overwhelmed by their environment. By reading his fiction alongside his political writing, this research presents Dreisers environmental determinism as one element in a wider and more activist world-view. Traditionally viewed as a dour critic, he is revealed as demanding that progressive action cannot wait upon ideological certainty. In meditating upon exactly what basis can be found for progressive action, Dreiser examines issues that remain of compelling interest in the contemporary world. My research focuses on several: issues of self/other relationships, and what I call the politics of solidarity across difference; questions of agency, specifically relating to how individuals can bring about progressive historical change; the interactions between complex financial systems, dynamic and powerful individuals, and unpredictable real-world events; and questions of democracy and American exceptionalism - the set of ideas that views the USA as the privileged site of global democracy.In addition to the academic monograph, I plan to carry out a series of accessible, public events marking the relevance of The Financier on the hundredth anniversary of its publication.


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Training Grant | Award Amount: 54.25K | Year: 2011

The aim of this project is to investigate how the Church of England has engaged with selected public policy debates in relation to biomedical ethics since the 1960s. What has it been aiming to achieve, and why? What strategies has it adopted, and why? What effect has its public engagement had on policy outcomes and public perceptions? How has that public engagement been reflected in the media? By concentrating on one Christian denomination and a narrow range of ethical and policy issues, it will be possible to produce a focused case study of the involvement of faith communities in public ethical and policy debates in contemporary Britain.\n\nThe interest of this research lies in the fact that the role of religious groups in the policy process in contemporary Britain is highly contested. This is illustrated by the debates leading up to the passing of the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act (2008): the Select Committee examining the legislation made particular efforts to engage representatives of faith groups in the debate; yet at the same time, some contributions to the debate and some media comment expressed considerable suspicion of religious involvement and influence.\n\nThe involvement of religious traditions in policymaking in liberal societies has been much discussed in the academic literature in both political theory and public theology. Less attention, though, has been paid to the ways in which religious groups have actually engaged with public debates, how their modes of engagement compare with the various possibilities set out in the academic literature and what effects their involvement has had.\n\nThis research will begin to fill that gap, by focusing on three controversial areas in biomedical ethics that have been the subject of policymaking and legislation between the 1960s and the present: abortion, human fertilisation and embryology, and assisted dying. Over that period, the Church of England has had a high level of engagement with these issues. The aims and strategies it has adopted, and the rationales for those aims and strategies, will be investigated through a study of archival sources documenting that engagement and interviews with key personnel. The effects of its public engagement on these issues will be assessed by analysing Parliamentary records (including Hansard and committee reports), selected media coverage, and empirical survey data on public perceptions of the bioethical issues being studied and of the churches involvement in public life. In the light of these analyses, further empirical survey research will be conducted to investigate more specifically the public impact of the Churchs public engagement with the issues being studied.\n\nThe findings of this project are expected to offer new insights into the engagement of faith groups in public debate and the political process. As such, they will be of use to academics working in public theology, bioethics and politics, to those responsible for faith communities engagement with public issues, and to policymakers interested in the role of religious traditions in the policy process.\n


Grant
Agency: GTR | Branch: AHRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 35.81K | Year: 2016

Islands are often imagined as special places. They have long been represented as edenic or utopian; in the UK, the trope of the island nation has for generations carried (and retains) political as well as cultural weight. Small islands, situated in the middle of oceans and remote from continental land masses, often possess an importance in communications, navigation, trade and strategy out of all relation to their size and resources. Yet islands are also contested spaces. They embody - sometimes simultaneously - notions of freedom and captivity; isolation and connection; paradise and inhospitality; wealth and poverty. From the thalassocracies of Greece and Venice to the far-flung dominions of European powers, islands loom large in the histories of the worlds maritime empires. We propose to hold three workshops to explore key issues relating to islands as historical spaces with active roles in shaping, representing and influencing wider imperial contexts. Our first workshop will explore islands as crucial nodal points for establishing, expanding and maintaining empires. While much of the British Empires landmass was continental rather than insular, islands played a critical role in consolidating Britains global reach. Early colonial visions of islands as landscapes that could be transformed by the plantation of peoples, crops and ideas had powerful impacts on the development of British approaches to empire over centuries. As scholars like Canny and Jarvis have argued, what the British knew about empire on continents, they learned from first colonising islands like Ireland or Bermuda. Islands were more than testing grounds for empire, however. They were highly lucrative possessions, creating immense wealth for individuals and governments, and acted as fulcra in sophisticated systems of trade and production. In other contexts, such as the South Atlantic or the Indian Ocean, islands acted as both staging posts and strategic bulwarks, at once safeguarding territories and sea routes and enabling their expansion. In this sense, it becomes possible to conceive of an empire of islands. Although islands might be regarded as the chains holding empire together, many were not straightforwardly British or French or Dutch. These places, as isolated ports in vast oceans, provided safe harbours for peoples of many nations. Standing on key trade routes, their communities were polyglot and multiracial. As a result, and particularly at times of war or revolution, these societies reflected wider global disputes. Equally important were the tensions between Europeans and non-Europeans (whether indigenous or imported) in the islands. Slave revolt and indigenous power constantly challenged the presence of imperial rule. Our second workshop will explore the implications of considering islands as microcosms of wider imperial and global contests, in which great power rivalries played out among neighbours and - sometimes - friends. European activity in these islands resulted in the creation of a vast archive of textual and visual records that represent European engagements with these places, their environments and peoples. In addition to documentary sources, an array of prints, drawings, fine art, cartography and a host of material culture represent these islands in ways that indicate the complex nature of European interactions with these spaces. The National Maritime Museum holds unparalleled collections that give our network the opportunity to explore these themes. In our third workshop, participants will consider these collections in the light of the concepts discussed in the first two meetings. We aim to connect leading-edge research with world class collections to consider innovative ways of understanding the past and new approaches to interpreting museum collections for a range of audiences. Discussions in the first two meetings will enlighten the third, the results of which will be central to the networks impact.

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