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The University of Winchester is a public new university based in Winchester, Hampshire, England. It received the power to award its own Research Degrees in August 2008. Winchester is a historic cathedral city and the ancient capital of Wessex and the Kingdom of England. . Wikipedia.

Delextrat A.,Oxford Brookes University | Neupert E.,The University of Winchester
Journal of Sports Sciences | Year: 2016

The objectives were to compare the metabolic load elicited by Zumba® classes and DVD workouts and link the physiological responses to participants’ psychological characteristics. Fifteen women (25.4 ± 4.3 years old; 164.9 ± 5.1 cm; 56.9 ± 5.8 kg; 23.9 ± 4.9% body fat) performed three Zumba® classes and three Zumba® DVD workouts using a repeated measure design. Energy expenditure was assessed by extrapolating oxygen cost from heart rate (HR) using regressions from a preliminary incremental running test. Differences between Zumba® classes and Zumba® DVD workouts were assessed by Student’s T tests and repeated measures analysis of variance and correlations between physiological and psychological variables by the Pearson’s coefficient. Results showed that Zumba® classes allowed greater energy expenditure compared to Zumba® DVD workouts (6.8 ± 0.9 vs 5.6 ± 0.9 kcal . min-1, 95% confidence interval (CI) limits: 0.3-2.1, P = 0.016), with significant differences in the time spent with a HR above 85% of HR reserve (14.7 vs 1.7%, 95% CI: 5.6-20.4, P = 0.021). Furthermore, women with a greater autonomy score showed a smaller difference between DVD and class (r = 0.511, P = 0.048), while greater differences were shown in women with greater interpersonal skills (r = -0.563, P = 0.028). The results suggest that while both types of workouts are suitable to maintain fitness Zumba® classes allow greater energy expenditure. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. © 2015 Taylor & Francis. Source

Drew R.,The University of Winchester
Human Biology | Year: 2013

This article examines the utility of the ischium-pubic index (IPI), a sexing technique that compares the lengths of pubis and ischium. The ratio was adapted by Washburn from a primate index devised by Schultz and was tested by Washburn on documented remains from the Hamann-Todd Human Osteological Collection. The IPI is used by forensic investigators, and indeed, the method is found in standard forensic textbooks and thus appears to be valid to early-stage researchers. However, its reliability has been questioned by physical anthropologists almost from its inception due to the intrinsic subjectivity of locating the base point from which both lengths are taken. In addition, at least one variation of the original technique is found in the literature, which alters the base point profoundly. To explore both the original method and the ramifications of altering the base point, in this article the IPI is calculated from os coxae recovered from the Mary Rose, a 16th-century English warship lost in a documented disaster; the sample is assumed to be from males. Using the original index, 20.4% of individuals (11 of 54) or, viewing the remains as commingled, 15.5% of individual pelves (15 of 97) were misclassified. Results with the base point shifted were disastrous: 95.5% (21 of 22) individuals and 91.4% (32 of 35) pelves were misclassified. Accuracy may be influenced by the technician's expertise; however, when the original methodology is altered, the results become meaningless. This article aims to promote more careful reading of our sources and to suggest that the IPI is not appropriate as a tool for sexing forensic remains. © 2013 Wayne State University Press, Detroit, Michigan 48201-1309. Source

Despite an 'epidemic' of delayed childbirth in England and Wales beyond a woman's optimally fertile years, research shows that young adults are unaware of or misunderstand the risks regarding starting or extending families that such behaviour entails. Currently, sex education syllabi in British schools neglect these issues, rendering school leavers ignorant of them.These curricula cannot be improved until more is known about adolescents' knowledge of relevant topics. In the light of this, this article describes exploratory research on how teenage girls in one English school think about the reproductive lifespan. Going beyond recent 'scientific' investigations which have mostly only tested the extent of ignorance of young adults, this qualitative enquiry used theories of the life course and emerging adlthood to analyse data gathered in interviews. It sought to understand not only what girls know, but how they apply their knowledge in relation to their assumptions about aging, motherhood, pregnancy, parenting and employment. One finding is highlighted here: that whilst "correct" knowledge about the reproductive lifespan does appear to be held by teenage girls, the ability to apply that knowledge and connect the socio-cultural with the biological domain, may not always be in place. This is relevant for curriculum developers aiming to prepare future citizens to take full control of their reproductive health, and policy makers responsible for ensuring an appropriate public health message about these concerns is available after formal schooling ends. © 2014 The British Fertility Society. Source

Forsman H.,The University of Winchester
Business Strategy and the Environment | Year: 2013

The aim of this paper is to examine the links between developed environmental innovations and the competitiveness of firms. It seeks answers to the question: Are the developed environmental innovations associated with the improved or impaired competitiveness of firms? In addition, it explores how competitive advantage is created along the innovation process. This will be done by comparing the successful and unsuccessful green innovators. The empirical evidence is based on the longitudinal dataset gathered from 128 Finnish firms which have developed one or more environmental innovations. The data covers nine years from 2002 to 2010. This study provides two contributions to academic literature. First, it deepens the existing knowledge of how environmental innovations are associated with competitive advantage. It identifies the types of competitive advantages as well as potential disadvantages along the innovation process. Second, this study demonstrates how the competitive advantage was enhanced along the successful innovation process. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment. Source

Manning P.,The University of Winchester
Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy | Year: 2013

Aims: This article reports on findings to emerge from a project examining YouTube 'drug videos' in the light of an emerging literature on the relationship between YouTube and health education. The aim of this article is to describe the variety of discourses circulated by the 'drug videos' available on YouTube and to consider the implications of these for mediated drugs education. Method: The method used is a content analysis of a sample of 750 'drug videos' in which both video text and loader comments are used to code 'drug discourses'. Findings: The findings point to the circulation of a variety of 'drug videos' of which official drugs education materials represent only a small proportion. The 'drug videos' created by YouTube users circulate a variety of 'drug discourses' including the 'celebratory' or hedonistic but also 'cautionary' videos intended to 'warn' or 'discipline' but others offer an 'amateur' or 'vernacular drugs education' while still others develop 'consumer discourses' which evaluate substances and technologies of intoxication as commodities. Conclusions: The findings suggest that in the symbolic environment of YouTube drugs education strategies based upon 'old media' assumptions become highly problematic. This is firstly, because official drugs education material now has to compete with a variety of alternative discourses circulated in the 'drug videos' created by YouTube users. Secondly, some of these videos offer an alternative 'vernacular drugs education', or offer alternative understandings of drug use. But thirdly, in the era of Web 2.0 technologies such as YouTube, lines of communication are no longer characterized by simple linearity but multiple directionality, which mean that official drugs agencies are now even less assured of communicative control than in the past. © 2013 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted. Source

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