Ann Arbor, CA, United States

The University of West Los Angeles
Ann Arbor, CA, United States

The University of West Los Angeles - School of Law is a private, for-profit law school. It maintains two campuses in the Los Angeles metropolitan area in Inglewood and Chatsworth (San Fernando Valley}. The School of Law is accredited by the State Bar of California Committee of Bar Examiners. Wikipedia.

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Islam M.A.,The University of West Los Angeles | Khan S.A.,Lake Erie College | Gunaseelan S.,University of Texas at Tyler | Talukder R.,University of Texas at Tyler
Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning | Year: 2016

Objective: To discuss the current status of dual degree and graduate certification programs offered by U.S. colleges and schools of pharmacy. Methods: The websites of individual pharmacy colleges and schools were accessed, pertinent sections on dual degree and graduate certificate programs were identified, retrieved, and analyzed. Results: A total of 63 colleges or schools pharmacy are offering 125 dual degree programs for 2014-2015 academic year. Master of Business Administration (MBA) constitutes 37% of the total dual degrees followed by Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) (23%), Master of Public Health (MPH) (18%), Master of Science (MS) degrees in different areas of specialization (18%), and others (4.0%). A total of 30 graduate certificate programs which include regulatory affairs, clinical research design, patient safety, global health, etc. are offered by 12 colleges and schools. Admission requirements and curricular framework of these specialty programs vary by program types and institutions. Conclusion: Dual degrees and graduate certification programs with a wide array of specialties are emerging, which allow PharmD students/graduates to acquire new competencies and expertise along with PharmD degree. While there are positive outcomes documented for some of the programs, further study is required to evaluate the impact of these programs on students' academic and career advancements. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.

Folchman-Wagner Z.,University of Southern California | Zaro J.,The University of West Los Angeles | Shen W.-C.,University of Southern California
Molecules | Year: 2017

Polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) are self-assembling nano-sized constructs that offer several advantages over traditional nanoparticle carriers including controllable size, biodegradability, biocompatibility, and lack of toxicity, making them particularly appealing as tools for drug delivery. Here, we discuss potential application of PECs for drug delivery to the slightly acidic tumor microenvironment, a pH in the range of 6.5–7.0. Poly(L-glutamic acid) (En), poly(L-lysine) (Kn), and a copolymer composed of histidine-glutamic acid repeats ((HE)n) were studied for their ability to form PECs, which were analyzed for size, polydispersity, and pH sensitivity. PECs showed concentration dependent size variation at residue lengths of E51/K55 and E135/K127, however, no complexes were observed when E22 or K21 were used, even in combination with the longer chains. (HE)20/K55 PECs could encapsulate daunomycin, were stable from pH 7.4–6.5, and dissociated completely between pH 6.5–6.0. Conversely, the E51-dauno/K55 PEC dissociated between pH 4.0 and 3.0. These values for pH-dependent particle dissociation are consistent with the pKa’s of the ionizable groups in each formulation and indicate that the specific pH-sensitivity of (HE)20-dauno/K55 PECs is mediated by incorporation of histidine. This response within a pH range that is physiologically relevant to the acidic tumors suggests a potential application of these PECs in pH-dependent drug delivery. © 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI.

Islam M.A.,The University of West Los Angeles | Khan S.A.,Lake Erie College | Talukder R.M.,University of Texas at Tyler
Advances in physiology education | Year: 2016

The purpose of the present study was to assess the current status of physiology education in US Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) programs. A survey instrument was developed and distributed through SurveyMonkey to American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) Biological Sciences section members of 132 PharmD programs. Survey items focused on soliciting qualitative and quantitative information on the delivery of physiology curricular contents and faculty perceptions of physiology education. A total of 114 programs responded to the survey, resulting in a response rate of 86%. Out of 114 schools/colleges, 61 programs (54%) offered standalone physiology courses, and 53 programs (46%) offered physiology integrated with other courses. When integrated, the average contact hours for physiology contents were significantly reduced compared with standalone courses (30 vs. 84 h, P < 0.0001). Survey respondents identified diverse strategies in the delivery and assessment of physiology contents. Eighty percent of the responding faculty (n = 204) agree/strongly agree that physiology is underemphasized in PharmD curriculum. Moreover, 67% of the respondents agree/strongly agree that physiology should be taught as a standalone foundational course. A wide variation in the depth and breadth of physiology course offerings in US PharmD programs remains. The reduction of physiology contents is evident when physiology is taught as a component of integrated courses. Given current trends that favor integrated curricula, these data suggest that additional collaboration among basic and clinical science faculty is required to ensure that physiology contents are balanced and not underemphasized in a PharmD curriculum. Copyright © 2016 the American Physiological Society.

Islam M.A.,The University of West Los Angeles | Sabnis G.,The University of West Los Angeles | Farris F.,The University of West Los Angeles
Advances in Physiology Education | Year: 2017

This paper describes the development, implementation, and students' perceptions of a new trilayer approach of teaching (TLAT). The TLAT model involved blending lecture, in-class group activities, and out-of-class assignments on selected content areas and was implemented initially in a first-year integrated pharmacy course. Course contents were either delivered by traditional lectures or by the TLAT. A survey instrument was distributed by SurveyMonkey to determine students' perceptions of the TLAT model. Descriptive statistics were used for data analysis. Students' performance in a total of 225 examination and quiz questions was analyzed to evaluate whether the TLAT model improved students' learning. Students' (n = 98) performance scores for TLATbased and lecture-based questions were 83.3 ± 10.2 and 79.5 ± 14.0, respectively (P < 0.05). Ninety-three percent of students believed that in-class group activities enhanced conceptual understanding of course materials, helped them take responsibility of their own learning, and enhanced their overall learning experiences. More than 80% of respondents felt that solving cases and developing concept maps helped them sharpen creative and critical thinking skills. In addition, 90% of the respondents indicated that the homework throughout the semester helped them stay up to date and focused with the progress of the course. The use of the TLAT model led to an improvement in student learning of complex concepts. Moreover, the results suggest that this model improves students' self-reliance and attitudes toward learning. Our findings should serve as an impetus for inclusion of diverse active learning strategies in pharmacy education. © 2017 The American Physiological Society.

Janke K.K.,University of Minnesota | Nelson M.H.,Regis University | Bzowyckyj A.S.,University of Missouri - Kansas City | Fuentes D.G.,University of Oregon | And 2 more authors.
American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education | Year: 2016

The CAPE 2013 Outcomes answered the call for increased student leadership development (SLD) by identifying leadership as a desired curricular goal. To meet this outcome, colleges and schools of pharmacy are advised to first identify a set of SLD competencies aligned with their institution’s mission and goals and then organize these competencies into a SLD framework/model. Student leadership development should be integrated vertically and horizontally within the curriculum in a deliberate and longitudinal manner. It should include all student pharmacists, begin at the point of admission, and extend beyond extracurricular activities. The school’s assessment plan should be aligned with the identified SLD competencies so student learning related to leadership is assessed. To accomplish these recommendations, a positive environment for SLD should be cultivated within the school, including administrative backing and resources, as well as support among the broader faculty for integrating SLD into the curriculum. © 2016, American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. All rights reserved.

Islam M.A.,The University of West Los Angeles | Gunaseelan S.,The University of West Los Angeles
Current Nutrition and Food Science | Year: 2014

Quercetin, a widely occurring plant flavonoid, is well-known for its antioxidant activity. A great deal of research in the form of animal and cell culture studies has been performed over the last 30 years, as well as a few clinical studies in human populations; however, its specific effects on various contributing factors to cardiovascular disease are not fully understood. This review seeks to summarize many of the latest studies regarding the effects of quercetin on cardiovascular health. Overall, the research reflects positive effects of quercetin on atherosclerosis, hypertension, dyslipidemia and endothelial function. However, in vivo studies have shown that quercetin imparts varying plasma levels due to its poor aqueous solubility and low stability in biological fluids. Research efforts are currently being devoted to overcome these limitations by designing and testing modified forms of quercetin or improved formulations which provide enhanced bioavailability and higher efficacy. The development of improved dosage forms for in vivo administration of quercetin and well-designed clinical studies are warranted for further evaluation of the effects of quercetin on cardiovascular health. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers.

Falender C.A.,The University of West Los Angeles | Shafranske E.P.,The University of West Los Angeles | Ofek A.,University of California at Los Angeles
Counselling Psychology Quarterly | Year: 2014

With the recognition that clinical supervision is a distinct professional practice comes the necessity for identification of effective practices. In this competency-based era, a meta-theoretical, interpersonal framework is provided in competency-based clinical supervision in which specific attention is paid to the strengths and emerging competencies of the supervisee and to the clinical and supervision competencies of the supervisor. In this article, the authors address the state of the literature on effective clinical supervision and the specific knowledge, skills, and attitudes that comprise competent supervision. A brief summary of research on several particular pivotal areas (e.g. alliance, multicultural competence, legal, and ethical issues) is included. A self-assessment device is provided for both current supervisors and supervisors-in-preparation to assess readiness, competence, and areas in which additional training and experience are desirable. Finally, a vignette illustrating the implementation of effective supervision practices is provided. © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

Thomas H.,The University of West Los Angeles
Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation | Year: 2016

This article describes the case of a 69-year-old, married, Hispanic heterosexual woman who suffered a right cerebral vascular accident. Assessment measures utilized to identify barriers to sexual activity were the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, Quality of Sexual Function Scale, and the Stroke Impact Scale. Goals were established in collaboration with the client, and interventions addressed a wide range of barriers. This case demonstrates how occupational therapy and the interprofessional team addressed limitations in engagement in sexual activities. Data collected postintervention showed significant changes in sexual activity, satisfaction, and perceived quality of life. This case demonstrates the importance of addressing sexual activity with clients poststroke and how the health care team can implement strategies to help clients address barriers to this essential human activity. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Matley B.G.,Ventura College | Matley B.G.,The University of West Los Angeles
Proceedings - IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy | Year: 2012

American history and custom are rich with the sense of personal privacy. That sense of privacy remained so strong that when the computer became reality in daily government operations, concerns about preserving privacy were vigorously expressed. The Congressional hearings on the National Data Bank(NDB) proposal of the 1960s is illustrative. In the end, the proposal was not funded out of concern for the massive volume of personal data to be contained, transmission of it around the country in telecommunications networks not secure, a national ID system that might emerge, and computer matching schemes to follow. Today, our computer practices sometimes violate those earlier tenets on computers and privacy. Some government networks now contain more personal data than waa proposed for the NDB; networks are not secure, even subject to penetration by hackers; a national ID system has been proposed, but SSN ia one in effect; matching schemes for draft registration verification and debt collection by the Internal Revenue Service on behalf of other agencies, do work. Computer practices in conflict with privacy principles raise the spectre of extra-Constitutional government in America, and leave us with crucial policy choices in computing. © 1985 IEEE.

Duley S.I.,The University of West Los Angeles
Journal of dental hygiene : JDH / American Dental Hygienists' Association | Year: 2012

The need for education about oral health conditions has been discussed in recent years. Current research has shown correlations between oral and systemic disease. Disease entities have been connected to bacteremia and inflammatory process es, both of which can result from oral pathologies. Professionals need to be educated about these connections and advised how, by maintaining proper oral health, they may avoid systemic consequences. Students in dental hygiene, health care management and nursing programs can play a vital role in this education. By jointly creating and operating an educational Center for Oral Health Promotion, they can better understand each other's professions. This will facilitate developing the skill set to reach out to the underserved and establish protocols to provide health literacy and care at affordable rates. They can also better appreciate the interconnections between health care delivery and its management while gaining skills needed to work in an inter-professional setting. A Center for Oral Health Promotion would expand services typically offered in dental hygiene educational settings as well as expand dental hygiene, nursing and health care management student experiences.

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