The University of Tampa , is a private, co-educational university in Downtown Tampa, Florida, United States. It is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. In 2006, the University celebrated its 75th anniversary. UT offers over 200 academic programs of study, with 12 master's degree programs in business administration, accounting, finance, education, marketing, instructional design and technology, nursing and creative writing. For the seventh year in a row, UT's Sykes College of Business has been named by The Princeton Review as an outstanding business school for its 2013 edition of Best 296 Business Schools. Wikipedia.
Lamouroux N.,IRSTEA |
Gore J.A.,The University of Tampa |
Lepori F.,University of Applied Sciences and Arts Southern Switzerland |
Statzner B.,CNRS Ecology of Natural and Anthropized Hydrosystems Laboratory
Freshwater Biology | Year: 2015
Effective environmental management needs models that reliably predict quantitative ecological changes as a function of restoration effort (e.g. cost) and meet expectations of stakeholders. Principal threats to large rivers are linked to human-caused modifications of discharge and morphology of channels and floodplains. However, comprehensive large-scale tests of the reliability of models predicting ecological consequences of restoring these elements are still lacking. Following a governmental decision, water managers, local authorities and the 'Compagnie Nationale du Rhône' financed a scientific programme to develop, test and subsequently use predictive models to assess the restoration (particularly minimum flow increases and reconnections of floodplain channels with the main channel) of eight regulated reaches of the French Rhône River. This approach was fostered by (i) the existence of local initiatives aimed at the ecological improvement of the Rhône; (ii) a history of interactions based on trust among stakeholders; and (iii) knowledge provided by a large interdisciplinary research group that studied the Rhône for two decades before the programme started in 1998. This Special Issue synthesises the insights gained over recent decades of research during which four river reaches (total length 47 km) were restored since 1999. It contains 11 articles including this overview. One article relates physical habitats in the floodplain to river hydrology and morphology; five articles test predictive models linking changes in habitat conditions to changes in taxa abundance, community metrics and biological traits of macroinvertebrates and fish; and four articles address the effects of restoration in larger contexts (long-term community trends, optimisation of sampling strategies, social processes and bioindication). We describe the Rhône restoration project, explain the conceptual framework used to predict the effects of restoration on river biota and describe the contents of the Special Issue, the main results and their implications. The Rhône restoration led to more lotic and diverse aquatic communities and renewed social links with the river. When reliable pre-restoration data are available, simple habitat models can be used to predict quantitative ecological changes as a function of restoration effort. The project illustrates the need to describe changes in hydraulic conditions in studies of physical river restoration and shows the effort required for a powerful assessment of restoration effects. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Stuart Y.E.,Harvard University |
Stuart Y.E.,University of Texas at Austin |
Campbell T.S.,The University of Tampa |
Hohenlohe P.A.,University of Idaho |
And 4 more authors.
Science | Year: 2014
In recent years, biologists have increasingly recognized that evolutionary change can occur rapidly when natural selection is strong; thus, real-time studies of evolution can be used to test classic evolutionary hypotheses directly. One such hypothesis is that negative interactions between closely related species can drive phenotypic divergence. Such divergence is thought to be ubiquitous, though well-documented cases are surprisingly rare. On small islands in Florida, we found that the lizard Anolis carolinensis moved to higher perches following invasion by Anolis sagrei and, in response, adaptively evolved larger toepads after only 20 generations. These results illustrate that interspecific interactions between closely related species can drive evolutionary change on observable time scales. © 2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights reserved.
Froeschke J.T.,Gulf |
Froeschke B.F.,The University of Tampa
Fisheries Research | Year: 2011
Long-term, fisheries-independent bag seine surveys conducted in TX, USA estuaries from 1977 to 2009 were used to develop a spatio-temporal species-environment model for juvenile spotted seatrout, Cynoscion nebulous. Relationships between environmental predictors and juvenile spotted seatrout distribution were investigated using boosted regression trees (BRTs). Results showed good model performance and suggested that, in relation to environmental factors, juvenile spotted seatrout distribution is most closely linked to salinity, temperature, and distance from tidal inlets. There was also a strong seasonal pattern where abundance increased from May to October and declined precipitously after November. Juveniles were rarely captured between January and April. By interpolating the environmental predictors, monthly maps of the probability of capture were produced using ordinary kriging. Spatial patterns were also evident. Probability of occurrence began increasing first in Upper Laguna Madre peaking in Baffin Bay. Probability of occurrence was consistently higher in this region than other regions within the study area. Predicted occurrence was also high in portions of Corpus Christi, Aransas, San Antonio Bays, and the southern portion of Galveston Bay. Overall, probability of occurrence increased with increasing distance from tidal inlets. The development of spatially explicit models allows for prioritization and conservation of areas in a region that has great potential for human disturbance and climate change impacts. © 2011.
Taliaferro L.A.,The University of Tampa |
Muehlenkamp J.J.,University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire
Journal of American College Health | Year: 2015
Objective: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality among undergraduates represent important public health issues. This analysis identified risk factors that distinguished 3 groups, those who reported no history of self-harm; self-injury, but no suicide attempts (NSSI only); and self-injury and a suicide attempt (NSSI + SA) in the past year.Methods: Data came from 16,044 undergraduates who completed the Fall 2010 National College Health Assessment.Results: Over 3% of students reported NSSI, and one third of these individuals also attempted suicide. Factors that distinguished the NSSI only and NSSI + SA groups from the no self-harm group included current depressive symptoms, nonheterosexual orientation, an eating disorder/extreme weight control behavior, and diagnosis of an internalizing disorder. Factors that distinguished the NSSI + SA group from the NSSI only group were current depressive symptoms and diagnosis of an internalizing disorder.Conclusions: Students experiencing mental health problems demonstrate increased risk for NSSI and/or suicidal behavior. © 2015 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Agirdas C.,The University of Tampa
Health Economics Review | Year: 2015
In the early 2000s, Arizona, Maine, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and Vermont expanded Medicaid to cover more low-income individuals, primarily childless adults. This change provides the researcher with an opportunity to analyze the effects of these expansions on labor supply and welfare enrollment. I use a large data set of 176 counties over 7 years, including 3 years of pre-expansion period, 1 year of implementation year, and 3 years of post-expansion period. Using a difference-in-differences approach, I find the most-affected counties had a 1.4 percentage-point more decline in labor force participation rate in comparison to other counties. Furthermore, I observe a 0.32 h decrease in average weekly hours and a 1.1 % increase in average weekly wages. This indicates labor supply was affected more than labor demand. I also observe a 0.49 % increase in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) enrollment after the Medicaid expansions. These results are robust to an alternative identification of the most-affected counties, inclusion of counties from comparison states, limiting the control group to only high-poverty counties from comparison states, exclusion of county-specific time trends, and different configuration of clustered errors. My findings provide early insights on the potential effects of new Medicaid expansions of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), since 82 % of those newly eligible are expected to be childless adults. © 2016, Agirdas.
Hill P.E.,The University of Tampa
Seminars in Perinatology | Year: 2012
Teamwork, communication, critical incident debriefing, and grief counseling surrounding the events of an unexpected maternal death are important continuing education and practice topics for health care employees working with pregnant women. Social technologies have impacted health care institutions and systems. Ethical dilemmas have been created in hospitals as they develop policies and procedures regarding electronic communications and social networking Web sites. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.
Ballard C.E.,The University of Tampa
Journal of Chemical Education | Year: 2011
Although transition-metal-catalyzed reactions are important in contemporary organic chemistry, relatively few resources for the second-year organic chemistry curriculum discuss the subject. The inquiry-based experiment described here, an ironcatalyzed preparation of biphenyl from bromobenzene, introduces this topic. The reaction uses an inexpensive and relatively benign iron precatalyst that is air- and moisture-stable, and the experiment can be performed using the equipment found in a typical organic teaching laboratory. The crude product can be analyzed by melting point determination or by gas chromatography. The experiment allows for a general discussion of redox cycles common in many metal-catalyzed reactions, redox processes of organic substrates, and green chemistry. The experiment can be used in organic or inorganic laboratories. Copyright © 2011 American Chemical Society and Division of Chemical Education, Inc.
Bellone R.R.,The University of Tampa
Animal Genetics | Year: 2010
Horses are valued for the beauty and variety of colouration and coat patterning. To date, eleven different genes have been characterized that contribute to the variation observed in the horse. Unfortunately, mutations involving pigmentation often lead to deleterious effects in other systems, some of which have been described in the horse. This review focuses on six such pleiotropic effects or associations with pigmentation genes. These include neurological defects (lethal white foal syndrome and lavender foal syndrome), hearing defects, eye disorders (congenital stationary night blindness and multiple congenital ocular anomalies), as well as horse-specific melanoma. The pigmentation phenotype, disorder phenotype, mode of inheritance, genetic or genomic methods utilized to identify the genes involved and, if known, the causative mutations, molecular interactions and other susceptibility loci are discussed. As our understanding of pigmentation in the horse increases, through the use of novel genomic tools, we are likely to unravel yet unknown pleiotropic effects and determine additional interactions between previously discovered loci. © 2010 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.
Arvan M.,The University of Tampa
Neuroethics | Year: 2013
This study examined correlations between moral value judgments on a 17-item Moral Intuition Survey (MIS), and participant scores on the Short-D3 "Dark Triad" Personality Inventory - a measure of three related "dark and socially destructive" personality traits: Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy. Five hundred sixty-seven participants (302 male, 257 female, 2 transgendered; median age 28) were recruited online through Amazon Mechanical Turk and Yale Experiment Month web advertisements. Different responses to MIS items were initially hypothesized to be "conservative" or "liberal" in line with traditional public divides. Our demographic data confirmed all of these hypothesized categorizations. We then tested two broad, exploratory hypotheses: (H1) the hypothesis that there would be "many" significant correlations between conservative MIS judgments and the Dark Triad, and (H2) the hypothesis that there would be no significant correlations between liberal MIS judgments and Machiavellianism or Psychopathy, but "some" significant correlations between liberal MIS judgments and Narcissism. Because our hypotheses were exploratory and we ran a large number of statistical tests (62 total), we utilized a Bonferroni Correction to set a very high threshold for significance (p =.0008). Our results broadly supported our two hypotheses. We found eleven significant correlations between conservative MIS judgments and the Dark Triad - all at significance level of p <.00001 - but no significant correlations between the Dark Triad and liberal MIS judgments. We believe that these results raise provocative moral questions about the personality bases of moral judgments. In particular, we propose that because the Short-D3 measures three "dark and antisocial" personality traits, our results raise some prima facie worries about the moral justification of some conservative moral judgments. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Arvan M.,The University of Tampa
Neuroethics | Year: 2013
In a recent study appearing in Neuroethics, I reported observing 11 significant correlations between the "Dark Triad" personality traits - Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy - and "conservative" judgments on a 17-item Moral Intuition Survey. Surprisingly, I observed no significant correlations between the Dark Triad and "liberal" judgments. In order to determine whether these results were an artifact of the particular issues I selected, I ran a follow-up study testing the Dark Triad against conservative and liberal judgments on 15 additional moral issues. The new issues examined include illegal immigration, abortion, the teaching of "intelligent design" in public schools, the use of waterboarding and other "enhanced interrogation techniques" in the war on terrorism, laws defining marriage as the union of one man and one woman, and environmentalism. 1154 participants (680 male, 472 female; median age 29), recruited online through Amazon Mechanical Turk, completed three surveys: a 15-item Moral Intuition Survey (MIS), the 28-item Short Dark Triad personality inventory, and a five-item demographic survey. The results strongly reinforce my earlier findings. Twenty-two significant correlations were observed between "conservative" judgments and the Dark Triad (all of which were significant past a Bonferonni-corrected significance threshold of p =.0008), compared to seven significant correlations between Dark Triad and "liberal" judgments (only one of which was significant past p =.0008). This article concludes by developing a novel research proposal for determining whether the results of my two studies are "bad news" for conservatives or liberals. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.