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Lahore, Pakistan

The University of Lahore was founded in 1999 under the auspices of the Ibadat Education Trust. UOL was granted degree awarding status in 2002. It is one of the largest private sector Universities of Pakistan with diverse disciplines ranging from Medicine and Engineering to the Arts and Social science. All undergraduate and graduate programs run at the UOL, are recognized by the Higher Education Commission and the government regulatory bodies in Pakistan. It is accredited by the Pakistan Engineering Council , Pakistan Bar Council, Pakistan Medical and Dental Council, Pakistan Nursing Council and Pharmacy Council of Pakistan. Wikipedia.

Singh S.P.,University of Warwick | Harley K.,South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust | Suhail K.,The University of Lahore
Schizophrenia Bulletin | Year: 2013

Understanding cross-cultural aspects of emotional overinvolvement (EOI) on psychosis outcomes is important for ensuring cultural appropriateness of family interventions. This systematic review explores whether EOI has similar impact in different cultural groups and whether the same norms can be used to measure EOI across cultures. Thirty-four studies were found that have investigated the impact of EOI on outcomes across cultures or culturally adapted EOI measures. The relationship between high EOI and poor outcome is inconsistent across cultures. Attempts to improve predictive ability by post hoc adjustment of EOI norms have had varied success. Few studies have attempted a priori adaptations or development of culture-specific norms. Methodological differences such as use of different expressed emotions (EE) measures and varying definitions of relapse across studies may explain a lack of EOI outcome relationship across cultures. However, our findings suggest that the construct and measurement of EOI itself are culture-specific. EOI may not necessarily be detrimental in all cultures. The effect of high EOI may be moderated by the unexplored dimension of warmth and high levels of mutual interdependence in kin relationships. Researchers should reevaluate the prevailing concepts of the impact of family relations on the course and outcome of psychotic disorders, specifically focusing on the protective aspects of family involvement. Clinically, family interventions based on EE reduction should take cultural differences into account when treating families from different ethnocultural groups. © 2013 The Author.

In late nineteen eighties, the Neutron Diffraction Commission of International Union of Crystallography initiated a project to compile the most accurate values of the Debye-Waller thermal parameter B of cubic elements as well as of cubic binary compounds. N. M. Butt and co-workers recommended such values for 22 cubic elements (Butt et el 1988) and 52 cubic binary compounds (Butt et al., 1993) determined at room temperature by diffraction methods using x-rays, neutrons, γ - rays, and high voltage electrons. Since then, several attempts have been made to correlate numerous general, thermal, metallurgical, mechanical, and crystal defect properties of cubic structure crystals with their room-temperature Debye-Waller thermal parameter B not only in solid, liquid and vapor phases but also in plasma state. The correlations between microscopic parameter B and macroscopic or bulk properties of crystals have been found to be systematic. This connection between micro and macro aspects of materials has set new trends in the interpretation of the behavior of crystalline materials. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

In this paper, the concepts of (∈̄γ, ∈̄γ, vq̄δ)-fuzzy fantastic ideals and (∈γ, ∈γ, vqδ)-fuzzy fantastic ideals in BCH-algebras are introduced and investigate some of their properties.

Saron K.M.A.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Hashim M.R.,Universiti Sains Malaysia | Farrukh M.A.,The University of Lahore
Applied Surface Science | Year: 2012

Stress and lattice constants are significant factors considered in evaluating the deformation mode of crystalline materials. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructured thin films were prepared via the process of wet oxidation of Zn at temperatures varying from 420 to 570 °C. Structural, elemental and optical characterizations were carried out using various techniques, to investigate the properties of the samples. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed improvement in the ZnO structure and the grain size of the ZnO became larger as the oxidation temperature was increased, while maintaining a constant flow rate of wet oxygen. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns also showed that ZnO films suffered from compressive stress due to elongation in the lattice constant. With increase in the oxidation temperature, the compressive stress became tensile stress because of the decrease in the lattice constants. Photoluminescence (PL) spectra revealed the influence of stress on the energy band gap, with wet oxidation further giving rise to the transition of stress from compressive to tensile. © 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V.

Farooqi A.A.,The University of Lahore
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine | Year: 2011

PDGF is a growth factor and is extensively involved in multi-dimensional cellular dynamics. It switches on a plethora of molecules other than its classical pathway. It is engaged in various transitions of development; however, if the unleashed potentials lead astray, it brings forth tumourigenesis. Conventionally, it has been assumed that the components of this signalling pathway show fidelity and act with a high degree of autonomy. However, as illustrated by the PDGF signal transduction, reinterpretation of recent data suggests that machinery is often shared between multiple pathways, and other components crosstalk to each other through multiple mechanisms. It is important to note that metastatic cascade is an intricate process that we have only begun to understand in recent years. Many of the early steps of this PDGF cascade are not readily targetable in the clinic. In this review, we will unravel the paradoxes with reference to mitrons and cellular plasticity and discuss how disruption of signalling cascade triggers cellular proliferation phase transition and metastasis. We will also focus on the therapeutic interventions to counteract resultant molecular disorders.

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