The University of Agriculture, Faisalabad , originally the Punjab Agricultural College and Research Institute, is a university in the city of Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. Although its abbreviation "UAF" stands for University of Agriculture but its former students take it as "Unidentified Anal Fistula" referring to its prehistoric syllabus and Qaida rote learning system producing some distinguish brain in agricultural science such as Dr Arif Jalal in Entomology and the likes of him. It was established in 1906 as the first major institution of higher agricultural education in the undivided Punjab.At independence in 1947, Pakistan was a predominantly agricultural country. In spite of subsequent industrialization and development, agriculture remains central to its economy. After independence, the Government of Pakistan appointed National Commissions on Food and Education with the term ad conditions agrarian system and to formulate measures for developing agricultural potential. The commissions made a plea for the establishment of an agricultural university for research and education in agriculture. It was established by upgrading the former Punjab Agricultural College and Research Institute in 1961.The 1,950 acre university campus represents both history and the present era. The new campus is lush green with a conglomeration of monolithic blocks built in modern style. The old campus is reminiscent of traditional Muslim architecture. The campus is located in the centre of the city at a distance of 12 km northeast of the Faisalabad International Airport, about 2 km.The university's faculty comprises more than 500 teachers. Of those, nearly half hold Ph.D. degrees, mainly from foreign universities like MIT, Harvard and Cambridge. Dr Arif Jalal graduated from all three. The university has several boys hostels, couple of girls hostels and a big office for Dr Arif Jalal. It accommodates over 5,000 students and approximately 3,000 day scholars. Premier hostels are Jinnah hostel , Iqbal Hall and Fatima Jinnah Hostel. Wikipedia.
Shahbaz M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology |
Khan S.,Minnesota State University, Mankato |
Tahir M.I.,The University of Faisalabad |
Tahir M.I.,Griffith University
Energy Economics | Year: 2013
This study investigates the relationship between energy use and economic growth by incorporating financial development, international trade and capital as important factors of production function in case of China over the period of 1971-2011. The ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration was applied to examine long run relationship among the series while stationarity properties of the variables was tested by applying structural break test.Our empirical evidence confirmed long run relationship among the variables. The results showed that energy use, financial development, capital, exports, imports and international trade have positive impact on economic growth. The Granger causality analysis revealed that unidirectional causal relationship running from energy use to economic growth. Financial development and energy use Granger cause each other. There is bidirectional causality between international trade and energy use. The feedback relation exists between financial development and international trade. There is also bidirectional causality exists between capital and energy demand, financial development and economic growth and, international trade and economic growth. This paper makes significant contribution in energy economics and opens up new direction for policy makers to explore new and alternative sources of energy which would be helpful in meeting the rising demand of energy due to sustained rate of economic growth. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Shahbaz M.,COMSATS Institute of Information Technology |
Mutascu M.,West University of Timișoara |
Mutascu M.,University of Orléans |
Azim P.,The University of Faisalabad
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews | Year: 2013
The aim of present study is to probe the dynamic relationship between economic growth, energy consumption and CO2 emissions for period of 1980-2010 in case of Romania. In doing so, ARDL bounds testing approach is applied to investigate the long run cointegration between these variables. Our results confirm long run relationship between economic growth, energy consumption and energy pollutants. The empirical evidence reveals that Environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) is found both in long-and-short runs in Romania. Further, energy consumption is major contributor to energy pollutants. Democratic regime shows her significant contribution to decline CO2 emissions through effective implementation of economic policies and financial development improves environment i.e., reduces CO2 emissions by redirecting the resources to environment friendly projects. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Akram N.A.,The University of Faisalabad |
Ashraf M.,University of Agriculture at Faisalabad
Journal of Plant Growth Regulation | Year: 2013
Exogenous application of different plant growth regulators is a well-recognized strategy to alleviate stress-induced adverse effects on different crop plants by regulating a variety of physiobiochemical processes such as photosynthesis, chlorophyll biosynthesis, nutrient uptake, antioxidant metabolism, and protein synthesis, which are directly or indirectly involved in the mechanism of stress tolerance. Of various environmental factors, salinity, drought, and extreme temperature (low or high) considerably diminish plant growth and yield by modulating endogenous levels as well as signaling pathways of plant hormones. Of various plant hormones/regulators, a potential plant growth regulator, 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), is known to be effective in counteracting the injurious effects of various abiotic stresses in plants. Until now the mechanisms behind ALA regulation of growth under stress have not been fully elucidated. It is also not yet clear how far growth and yield in different crops can be promoted by exogenous application of ALA and whether this ALA-induced growth and yield promotion is cost-effective. Thus, in this review we discuss at length the effects of ALA in regulating growth and development in plants under a variety of abiotic stress conditions, including salinity, drought, and temperature stress. Furthermore, advances in the functional and regulatory interactions of this plant growth regulator with plant stress tolerance, as well as the effective mode of exogenous application of ALA in inducing stress tolerance in plants are also comprehensively discussed in this review. In the future, overaccumulation of ALA in plants through manipulation of gene(s) could enhance plant stress tolerance. Thus, genetic manipulation of plants with the goal of attaining increased synthesis/accumulation of ALA and hence improved stress tolerance under stress conditions is an important area for research. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Qadir M.I.,The University of Faisalabad |
Malik S.A.,Quaid-i-Azam University
AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses | Year: 2011
HIV fusion inhibitors may be classified into three groups. Peptides binding to HR1 include T1249, C30, and T20 (enfuvirtide). Peptides binding to HR2 include 5-helix. XTT formazan, NB-2, and NB-64 are nonpeptide fusion inhibitors. Genotypic testing for drug resistance is used more commonly than phenotypic testing because of its lower cost, wider availability, and shorter turnaround time. The aim of the study was to predict the efficacy of fusion inhibitors for AIDS patients in our population. A total of 100 specimens were collected. The viral RNA was isolated and nucleotides of the required regions were sequenced using the BigDye terminator method. It is concluded from this study that viruses in our population may show resistance to C30 and T20 whereas the other fusion inhibitors may be effectively used for our population. © Copyright 2011, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.
Qadir M.I.,The University of Faisalabad |
Malik S.A.,Quaid-i-Azam University
Reviews in Medical Virology | Year: 2010
Drugs based on amino acid sequence of Heptad Repeats of gp41 of HIV have been explored in search of anti-HIV drugs acting by inhibition of the gp41 6-helix formation and subsequent cellular infection. These are classified under a distinct discipline called HIV fusion inhibitors. Resistance to HIV fusion inhibitors and their solutions have also been discussed in this review. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Jabeen F.,The University of Faisalabad |
Jabeen F.,Northumbria University |
Chaudhry A.S.,Northumbria University
Food Chemistry | Year: 2011
This study investigated the chemical composition and fatty acid profiles of Cyprinus(C) carpio, Labeo(L) rohita and Oreochromis(O) mossambicus from the Indus River, Pakistan. Significant differences were observed for most chemical components and fatty acids (P< 0.01) in the examined fish species. O. mossambicus, C. carpio and L. rohita were high in saturated, mono-unsaturated and poly-unsaturated fatty acids, respectively. Palmitic acid was the most abundant fatty acid in all species ranging from 32% to 46%. Although these fish contained reasonable amounts of essential PUFA such as docosahexaenoic, eicosapentaenoic and arachidonic acids, L. rohita contained the highest amounts of PUFA and protein. These fish contained appreciable levels of Omega-6 PUFA suggesting that these fish especially L. rohita could be used as a source of healthy diet for humans. These findings may benefit the fishing industry, nutritionists and researchers who are striving to improve the nutritive value, processing and marketing of selected fish species. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
Alay-E-Abbas S.M.,The University of Faisalabad |
Shaukat A.,University of Sargodha
Solid State Sciences | Year: 2011
First-principles density functional theory calculations have been performed for structural, electronic and optical properties of three polymorphic forms of rubidium telluride. Our calculations show that the sequence of pressure induced phase transitions for Rb 2Te is Fm3m → Pnma → P6 3/mmc which is governed by the coordination numbers of the anions. From our calculated low transition pressure value for the Fm3m phase to the Pnma phase transition of Rb 2Te, the experimentally observed meta-stability of Fm3m phase at ambient conditions seems reasonable. The electronic band structure has been calculated for all the three phases and the change in the energy band gap is discussed for the transitioning phases. The energy band gaps obtained for the three phases of Rb 2Te decrease on going from the meta-stable phase to the high-pressure phases. Total and partial density of states for the polymorphs of Rb 2Te has been computed to elucidate the contribution of various atomic states on the electronic band structure. Furthermore, optical properties for all the polymorphic forms have been presented in form of the complex dielectric function. © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Mohsin S.A.,The University of Faisalabad
Progress in Electromagnetics Research | Year: 2011
During Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), the presence of an implant such as a Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) lead in a patient's body can pose a significant risk. This is due to the fact that the MR radiofrequency (RF) field can achieve a very high strength around the DBS electrodes. Thus the specific absorption rate (SAR), which is proportional to the square of the magnitude of the RF electric field, can have a very high concentration in the near-field region of the electrodes. The resulting tissue heating can reach dangerous levels. The degree of heating depends on the level of SAR concentration. The effects can be severe, leading to tissue ablation and brain damage, and significant safety concerns arise whenever a patient with an implanted DBS lead is exposed to MR scanning. In this paper, SAR, electric field, and temperature rise distributions have been found around actual DBS electrodes. The magnitude and spatial distribution of the induced temperature rises are found to be a function of the length and structure of the lead device, tissue properties and the MR stimulation parameters.
Ikram M.A.,The University of Faisalabad
Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC | Year: 2011
Coeliac disease used to be considered as a disease of European and Western population but now it has emerged as a global problem. Objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency and mode of presentation of coeliac disease in children presenting with failure to thrive. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Paediatrics Department of Madina Teaching Hospital in collaboration with Histopathology Department of University Medical and Dental College, Faisalabad over a period from April 2010 to March 2011. A total of 60 children, aged 4-6 years presenting as failure to thrive according to their height and weight, were included. Relevant investigations were done along with radiological assessment of bone age. The jejunal biopsy was taken in all the patients. Children who were suffering from primary or secondary malnutrition due to other chronic illnesses and malabsorptive syndromes were excluded from the study. The data was analysed using SPSS-17. Chi-square test was used and p < 0.05 was considered significant. Total 60 children, 4-16 years of age were included in the study. Twenty-four (40%) children were diagnosed as coeliac disease by jejunal biopsy showing Marsh Grade-3. Male/female ration was 1.5:1. The most frequent symptom among these coeliac patients was abdominal distension (75%, p = 0.041), followed by pallor. (71%, p = 0.048). Anaemia (Hb < 12 gm/dl) was found in all 24 patients. Coeliac disease is increasingly being recognised as presenting with atypical presentation like short stature, failure to thrive, unexplained anaemia, rickets, abdominal distension and abdominal pain.
Alay-E-abbas S.M.,The University of Faisalabad
Journal of Materials Science | Year: 2011
Structural, electronic, and optical properties of alkali metal tellurides M2Te [M: Li, Na, K, and Rb] are investigated in the framework of density functional theory within generalized gradient approximation. The calculated structural parameters are in excellent agreement with the experimental data. The electronic band structure calculations show that tellurides of Li, K, and Rb have an indirect fundamental energy band gap, whereas Na2Te has a direct fundamental energy band gap. To explicate the contribution of anion and cation states to the electronic band structure, the electronic density of states for these compounds has been analyzed. Optical properties such as complex dielectric function, absorption coefficient, refractive index, extinction coefficient, and reflectivity are reported for a wide range of photon energy and are discussed on the basis of corresponding electronic band structure. Furthermore, the electron energy-loss functions for M2Te compounds are also predicted.In order to validate the performanceofthe abinitio calculation reported herein, we systematically study the electronic and optical properties of wide band gap M2Te compounds and compare them with available theoretical and experimental data of M 2O, M2S, and M2Se compounds. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010.