Toigildin A.L.,The Ulyanovsk State Agricultural Academy Named After P A Stolypin |
Podsevalov M.I.,The Ulyanovsk State Agricultural Academy Named After P A Stolypin |
Karpov A.V.,The Ulyanovsk State Agricultural Academy Named After P A Stolypin |
Toigildina I.A.,The Ulyanovsk State Agricultural Academy Named After P A Stolypin |
Grosheva T.D.,The Ulyanovsk State Agricultural Academy Named After P A Stolypin
Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences | Year: 2015
The strategy of synergism is actively applied in management, but this theory can be applied to other difficult multi-component systems as well, in particular to agriculture and plant growing. Contemporary farm-ing is characterized as a difficult dynamic system functioning with the active interaction of its separate links. The productivity of crops is determined not only by soil and climatic conditions, but also by the level of the organization of the farming system and intensification of agrotechnologies. Crop rotation stands out as a key element of the farming system, and its synergism is manifested during the formation of high productivity, im-provement of the produce quality, decrease in production costs, preservation of soil fertility and ecological improvement of agrolandscapes. Cop rotation gives the possibility to diversify and manage the production in farming systems. Our studies conducted on the basis of a long-term field experiment to study crop rotations, various tillage systems of the soil and organic and mineral fertilizers showed that by interacting the elements of the farming system (a crop rotation, soil tillage, fertilizers)the productivity of crops is increased at the ex-pense of crop succession, productivity of the symbiotic nitrogen fixation is increaed at the expense of legumi-nous rhizobial symbiosis. The rational combination of the farming system elements increases the volume of the organic matter accumulation in the soil in the form of straw and other vegetable remains, and also per-mits to reproduce other indicators of soil fertility. The synergetic efficiency of elements of the farming system increases the economic efficiency of cultivation of crops.