The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province

Changchun, China

The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province

Changchun, China
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He D.,Jilin University | He D.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | Sun L.,The Tumor hospital of Jilin province | Li C.,Academy of Military Medical science of PLA | And 10 more authors.
Viruses | Year: 2014

Oncolytic virotherapy has been an attractive drug platform for targeted therapy of cancer over the past few years. Viral vectors can be used to target and lyse cancer cells, but achieving good efficacy and specificity with this treatment approach is a major challenge. Here, we assessed the ability of a novel dual-specific anti-tumor oncolytic adenovirus, expressing the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) gene from the Newcastle disease virus under the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter (Ad-hTERTp-E1a-HN), to inhibit esophageal cancer EC-109 cells in culture and to reduce tumor burden in xenografted BALB/c nude mice. In vitro, infection with Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN could inhibit the growth of EC-109 cells significantly and also protect normal human liver cell line L02 from growth suppression in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN also effectively and selectively decreased the sialic acid level on EC-109 cells, but not on L02 cells. Furthermore, Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN was shown to induce the apoptosis pathway via acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining (AO/EB staining), increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), reduce mitochondrial membrane potential and release cytochrome c. In vivo, xenografted BALB/c nude mice were treated via intratumoral or intravenous injections of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN. Although both treatments showed an obvious suppression in tumor volume, only Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN delivered via intratumoral injection elicited a complete response to treatment. These results reinforced previous findings and highlighted the potential therapeutic application of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN for treatment of esophageal cancer in clinical trials. © 2014 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Kong C.,Northeast Normal University | Wang C.,The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province | Wang L.,Jilin University | Ma M.,The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2011

Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in many biological processes. The latest studies revealed that aggressive breast cancer, especially the triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtype was frequently associated with apparent EMT, but the mechanisms are still unclear. NEDD9/HEF1/Cas-L is a member of the Cas protein family and was identified as a metastasis marker in multiple cancer types. In this study, we wished to discern the role of NEDD9 in breast cancer progression and to investigate the molecular mechanism by which NEDD9 regulates EMT and promotes invasion in triple-negative breast cancer. We showed that expression of NEDD9 was frequently upregulated in TNBC cell lines, and in aggressive breast tumors, especially in TNBC subtype. Knockdown of endogenous NEDD9 reduced the migration, invasion and proliferation of TNBC cells. Moreover, ectopic overexpression of NEDD9 in mammary epithelial cells led to a string of events including the trigger of EMT, activation of ERK signaling, increase of several EMT-inducing transcription factors and promotion of their interactions with the E-cadherin promoter. Data presented in this report contribute to the understanding of the mechanisms by which NEDD9 promotes EMT, and provide useful clues to the evaluation of the potential of NEDD9 as a responsive molecular target for TNBC chemotherapy. © 2011 Kong et al.


PubMed | Jilin University and The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Gastroenterology research | Year: 2016

Activated pancreatic enzymes due to pancreatitis track along anatomic fascial planes and result in digestion of the surrounding tissues and pseudocyst formation. Pancreatic pseudocysts can cause variable complications in some cases. Abdominal contrast-enhanced CT scan can provide a valuable method to identify pancreatic pseudocyst and its related complications, especially in evaluating the adjacent vascular involvement. Splenic arterial pseudoaneurysm ruptured into pancreatic pseudocyst together with fistulous communication with the colon is a very rare condition. So, here we report such an additional case with abruptly acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding on his admission, who was finally diagnosed to be splenic arterial pseudoaneurysm ruptured into pancreatic pseudocyst coexisting with fistula to the colon by contrast-enhanced CT scan and treated successfully by urgent surgery.


PubMed | Jilin University, CAS Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Tianjin Medical University, Northeast Normal University and The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Breast cancer research and treatment | Year: 2016

LSD1 is overexpressed in various cancers including breast cancer, but its functional roles in tumourigenesis are not fully understood. This study aims at revealing the role of LSD1 in breast cancer development. In addition, it has been reported that phosphorylation of the Serine 112 residue of LSD1 by PKC is crucial for its function in gene regulation. We also explored whether this phosphorylation affects LSD1s role in breast cancer development.This study includes LSD1 IHC data generated with tissue microarrays of 163 cases of breast cancer samples and 72 normal tissues. In vitro, role of LSD1, LSD1 S112D mutant (a phosphorylation simulation) and LSD1 S112A mutant (an unphosphorylation simulation) in induction of EMT is evaluated. Mechanismly, we checked the role of LSD1 and its mutant on E-cadherin promoter histone modifications. We also investigated the role of LSD1 and its mutants in metastasis with a nude mice model.We found LSD1 is expressed at a higher level in breast cancer tissues compared with that in normal tissues, and LSD1 expression is closely linked to breast cancer metastasis. LSD1 potentiates EMT in breast epithelia cells by repressing E-cadherin expression through demethylating H3K4me at genes promoter, during which phosphorylation of LSD1 Ser112 is crucial for its binding and demethylation activity. In vivo, knockdown of LSD1 impairs the metastatic ability of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells in nude mice. Ectopic overexpression of either LSD1 or LSD1 S112D mutant (a phosphorylation simulation) facilitates metastasis, whereas the LSD1 S112A mutant (an unphosphorylation simulation) fails to affect the metastasis.Data presented in this report indicate that LSD1 is able to induce EMT and to promote metastasis in breast cancer, and phosphorylation at LSD1 Ser112 is crucial for these functions.


PubMed | Jilin University, Academy of Military Medical science of PLA and The Tumor hospital of Jilin province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Viruses | Year: 2014

Oncolytic virotherapy has been an attractive drug platform for targeted therapy of cancer over the past few years. Viral vectors can be used to target and lyse cancer cells, but achieving good efficacy and specificity with this treatment approach is a major challenge. Here, we assessed the ability of a novel dual-specific anti-tumor oncolytic adenovirus, expressing the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) gene from the Newcastle disease virus under the human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) promoter (Ad-hTERTp-E1a-HN), to inhibit esophageal cancer EC-109 cells in culture and to reduce tumor burden in xenografted BALB/c nude mice. In vitro, infection with Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN could inhibit the growth of EC-109 cells significantly and also protect normal human liver cell line L02 from growth suppression in 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assays. Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN also effectively and selectively decreased the sialic acid level on EC-109 cells, but not on L02 cells. Furthermore, Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN was shown to induce the apoptosis pathway via acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining (AO/EB staining), increase reactive oxygen species (ROS), reduce mitochondrial membrane potential and release cytochrome c. In vivo, xenografted BALB/c nude mice were treated via intratumoral or intravenous injections of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN. Although both treatments showed an obvious suppression in tumor volume, only Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN delivered via intratumoral injection elicited a complete response to treatment. These results reinforced previous findings and highlighted the potential therapeutic application of Ad-hTERT-E1a-HN for treatment of esophageal cancer in clinical trials.


PubMed | Jilin University, Jilin Provincial Peoples Hospital and The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Oncology letters | Year: 2016

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are mesenchymal neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract (GI) that are defined, in part, by the expression of CD117, a c-Kit proto-oncogene protein. GISTs emerge outside of the GI at a very low frequency, typically in a single organ or location. GISTs that occasionally emerge outside of the GI are classified as extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGIST). The present study reports an extremely rare case of EGIST detected in the pancreas and the liver. The pancreatic and liver tumors were 4.52.5 cm and 2.01.5 cm in size, respectively. Both tumors consisted of CD117-positive spindle cells with a similar mitotic rate of 1-2 per 50 high power fields. The pancreatic and the hepatic EGISTs were at a low risk of malignancy, and both tumors were proposed to be primary stromal tumors. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of likely primary EGIST identified in the pancreas and liver of the same patient.


PubMed | Jilin University, the 309th Hospital of PLA and The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica | Year: 2016

The study explored the use of IP-10, MCP-1, and IFN- as biomarkers to improve the diagnoses of active pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous pleurisy. We enrolled 267 individuals, including 134 TB patients, 93 patients with non-tuberculous pulmonary diseases, and 40 healthy controls. Whole bloods were stimulated in vitro with rCFP-10/ESAT-6 protein antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The levels of IFN-, IP-10, and MCP-1 in cultured supernatants of whole bloods were detected by a chemiluminescence immunoassay. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine the cutoff value for diagnosing TB and to evaluate the diagnostic efficacies of the IFN-, IP-10, and MCP-1 for TB. The antigen-specific release of each cytokine, IFN-, IP-10, and MCP-1, was significantly higher in the TB groups than in either the non-tuberculous pulmonary disease group (p < 0.001) or the healthy control group (p < 0.001). The ROC curves indicated cutoff values for IFN-, IP-10, and MCP-1 at 147.8, 160.4, and 496.4 pg/mL, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and diagnostic efficiency for IFN- were 85.8%, 70.7%, 74.7%, 83.2%, and 78.3%, respectively; for IP-10 were 72.4%, 75.9%, 75.2%, 73.2%, and 74.2%, respectively; and for MCP-1 were 90.3%, 97.0%, 96.8%, 90.8%, and 93.6%, respectively. IFN- combined MCP-1 improved the sensitivity to 97.8% compared with IFN- (p < 0.001). Our findings indicate high sensitivity and specificity of MCP-1 as novel biomarkers for the diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis and tuberculous pleurisy.


PubMed | The Key Laboratory of Molecular Epigenetics of Ministry of Education MOE, Northeast Normal University and The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province
Type: | Journal: Cell death & disease | Year: 2014

LncRNAs have critical roles in various biological processes ranging from embryonic development to human diseases, including cancer progression, although their detailed mechanistic functions remain illusive. The lncRNA linc-ROR has been shown to contribute to the maintenance of induced pluripotent stem cells and embryonic stem cells. In this study, we discovered that linc-ROR was upregulated in breast tumor samples, and ectopic overexpression of linc-ROR in immortalized human mammary epithelial cells induced an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program. Moreover, we showed that linc-ROR enhanced breast cancer cell migration and invasion, which was accompanied by generation of stem cell properties. Contrarily, silencing of linc-ROR repressed breast tumor growth and lung metastasis in vivo. Mechanistically, our data revealed that linc-ROR was associated with miRNPs and functioned as a competing endogenous RNA to mi-205. Specifically, linc-ROR prevented the degradation of mir-205 target genes, including the EMT inducer ZEB2. Thus our results indicate that linc-ROR functions as an important regulator of EMT and can promote breast cancer progression and metastasis through regulation of miRNAs. Potentially, the findings of this study implicate the relevance of linc-ROR as a possible therapeutic target for aggressive and metastatic breast cancers.


PubMed | University of Auckland, Northeast Normal University and The Tumor Hospital of Jilin Province
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Cell death and differentiation | Year: 2016

EZH2 (the Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2), as a key epigenetic regulator and EMT inducer, participates in a variety of cancer metastasis. EZH2 stability is regulated by several types of post-translational modifications (PTMs).The long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) have been implicated to have critical roles in multiple carcinogenesis through a wide range of mechanisms, including modulating the stability of proteins. To date, whether the stability of EZH2 protein is regulated by lncRNAs remains unexplored. Here we report the discovery of ANCR modulating the stability of EZH2, and hence in the invasion and metastasis of breast cancer cells. We determined that ANCR potentiated the CDK1-EZH2 interaction, which then increased the intensity of phosphorylation at Thr-345 and Thr-487 sites of EZH2, facilitating EZH2 ubiquitination and hence its degradation. Moreover, we also uncover ANCR is an important player in breast cancer progression and metastasis mainly through decreasing EZH2 stability. More specifically, we initially found that ANCR level was lower in breast cancer tissues and breast cancer cell lines, in contrast to their normal counterparts. We then demonstrated that knockdown of ANCR induced an EMT program and promoted cell migration and invasion in MCF10A (epithelial cells), whereas ectopic expression of ANCR repressed breast cancer cells migration and invasion. Furthermore, we validated in a nude mouse model that overexpression of ANCR in highly malignant and invasive MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells significantly reduced the ability of the cells to form tumors and prevented the lung metastasis in vivo. Based on these data, our findings define a new mechanism underlying modulation of EZH2 stability by linking ANCR interaction with EZH2 to promote its phosphorylation that facilitates EZH2 degradation and suppresses breast cancer progression.

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