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Guo H.-H.,Beijing Forestry University | Guo H.-H.,National Engineering Laboratory for Tree Breeding | Guo H.-H.,Key Laboratory of Genetics and Breeding in Forest Trees and Ornamental Plants | Guo H.-H.,The Tree and Ornamental Plant Breeding and Biotechnology Laboratory | And 28 more authors.

Xanthoceras sorbifolia is an excellent model system for studying triacylglycerol (TAG) biosynthesis in woody oilseed plants due to the high amount of seed oil, which is important for food and industrial uses. TAG is the major form of stored lipids in seeds and diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT; EC 2. 3. 1. 20) catalyzes the final and critical step of TAG synthesis. Here, two novel DGAT genes, designated XsDGAT1 and XsDGAT2, were cloned from developing X. sorbifolia embryos. Sequence analysis showed that XsDGAT1 had little sequence homology to XsDGAT2. Heterologous expression of XsDGAT1 and XsDGAT2 in TAG-deficient yeast mutants restored TAG synthesis, confirming their biological activity. Expression of the two genes in wild-type Arabidopsis led to TAG synthesis and an increase in total seed oil in transgenic plants, with XsDGAT1 appearing to contribute to TAG synthesis at a greater level. Comparison of the expression patterns revealed that both XsDGAT1 and XsDGAT2 were expressed in the examined tissues and had similar spatiotemporal expression patterns with higher expression in embryos than in leaves and petals. The expression patterns of both XsDGAT1 and XsDGAT2 correlated with oil accumulation in developing X. sorbifolia embryos. These data suggest that XsDGAT1 and XsDGAT2 are both responsible for TAG synthesis in X. sorbifolia seeds. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

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