PubMed | Fudan University, The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen, Shanghai JiaoTong University, Baio Technology Ltd Company and Wuhan Polytechnic University
Type: Evaluation Studies | Journal: Journal of microbiology and biotechnology | Year: 2016
The widespread occurrence of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis places importance on the detection of TB (tuberculosis) drug susceptibility. Conventional drug susceptibility testing (DST) is a lengthy process. We developed a rapid enzymatic color-reaction-based biochip assay. The process included asymmetric multiplex PCR/templex PCR, biochip hybridization, and an enzymatic color reaction, with specific software for data operating. Templex PCR (tem- PCR) was applied to avoid interference between different primers in conventional multiplex- PCR. We applied this assay to 276 clinical specimens (including 27 sputum, 4 alveolar lavage fluid, 2 pleural effusion, and 243 culture isolate specimens; 40 of the 276 were non-tuberculosis mycobacteria specimens and 236 were M. tuberculosis specimens). The testing process took 4.5 h. A sensitivity of 50 copies per PCR was achieved, while the sensitivity was 500 copies per PCR when tem-PCR was used. Allele sequences could be detected in mixed samples at a proportion of 10%. Detection results showed a concordance rate of 97.46% (230/236) in rifampicin resistance detection (sensitivity 95.40%, specificity 98.66%) and 96.19% (227/236) in isoniazid (sensitivity 93.59%, specificity 97.47%) detection with those of DST assay. Concordance rates of testing results for sputum, alveolar lavage fluid, and pleural effusion specimens were 100%. The assay provides a potential choice for TB diagnosis and treatment.
PubMed | The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen and University of Jinan
Type: | Journal: Neuroscience letters | Year: 2016
MicroRNA-19a (miR-19a) is upregulated in different types of cancers, including gliomas, but its specific role and function in gliomas have yet to be fully elucidated. In this study, we found that miR-19a was significantly upregulated in human glioma tissues and cell lines. Overexpression of miR-19a by a miR-19a mimic promoted glioma cell proliferation and invasion. In contrast, miR-19a inhibitor suppressed cell proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, by a dual-luciferase reporter assay and expression analysis, we determined that Ras homolog family member B was a direct target of miR-19a. Knockdown of Ras homolog family member B could block cell proliferation and invasion induced by the miR-19a mimic. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that miR-19a upregulation is common in gliomas and that suppression of miR-19a expression inhibits cell proliferation and invasion, which indicates that miR-19a may act as an oncogene in gliomas.
PubMed | the Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen, Southern Medical University, Changzhi Medical College and The Second Peoples Hospital of Zhuhai
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Technology in cancer research & treatment | Year: 2016
The previously published data on the association between the cytochrome P450 1B1 Leu432Val, Asn453Ser, and Ala119Ser polymorphisms and lung cancer risk have remained controversial. Hence, we performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association between cytochrome P450 1B1 Leu432Val, Asn453Ser, and Ala119Ser polymorphisms and lung cancer risk under different inheritance models. A total of 22 studies were identified, including 2881 cases and 3653 controls for Leu432Val polymorphism (from 13 studies), 3009 cases and 3887 controls for Asn453Ser polymorphism (from 5 studies), and 1301 cases and 2045 controls for Ala119Ser polymorphism (from 4 studies). Overall, significant association was observed between cytochrome P450 1B1 Leu432Val polymorphism and lung cancer risk (dominant model: odds ratio = 1.29, 95% confidence interval = 1.08-1.53; recessive model: odds ratio = 1.21, 95% confidence interval = 1.05-1.39; additive model: odds ratio = 1.43, 95% confidence interval = 1.21-1.69) when all the eligible studies were pooled into the meta-analysis. In the further stratified and sensitivity analyses, significantly increased lung cancer risk was also observed in caucasians and smokers. No significant association was observed between cytochrome P450 1B1Asn453Ser and Ala119Ser polymorphisms and lung cancer risk in overall analysis. In summary, this meta-analysis suggests that cytochrome P450 1B1Leu432Val polymorphism is associated with increased lung cancer risk in caucasians and smokers.
PubMed | The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen and China University of Technology
Type: | Journal: Ultrasonics | Year: 2016
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver diseases in developed countries. Accurate, noninvasive tests for diagnosing NAFLD are urgently needed. The goals of this study were to evaluate the utility of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography for determining the severity grade of steatosis in rat livers, and to investigate the changes in various histologic and biochemical characteristics. Steatosis was induced in the livers of 57 rats by gavage feeding of a high fat emulsion; 12 rats received a standard diet only and served as controls. Liver mechanics were measured ex vivo using shear wave velocity (SWV) induced by acoustic radiation force. The measured mean values of liver SWV ranged from 1.33 to 3.85m/s for different grades of steatosis. The area under the receiver operative characteristic curve (S1) was equal to 0.82 (95% CI=0.69, 0.96) between the steatosis group and the normal group, and the optimal cutoff value was 2.59 with sensitivity of 88% and specificity of 76%. However, there are no significant differences in SWV measurements between the steatosis grades. SWV values did not correlate with the early grade of inflammation. In conclusion, ARFI elastography is a promising method for differentiating normal rat liver from rat liver with steatosis, but it cannot reliably predict the grade of steatosis in rat livers. The early grade of inflammation activity did not significantly affect the SWV measurements.
PubMed | The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen, University of Hong Kong and The Fourth Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical rheumatology | Year: 2016
This was an exploratory analysis comparing the safety and efficacy of immunoadsorption (IAS) combination therapy in severe systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) receiving corticosteroid pulse and immunosuppressant treatment. Patients enrolled all had predominant organ involvement including proteinuria, thrombocytopenia, pericardial effusion, and cerebral involvement requiring corticosteroid pulse treatment. Fifty-two patients in study group received IAS plus corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide treatment. Fifty-two patients in non-IAS group received corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide treatment. Outcome measurement included C3, dsDNA, AnuA, and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) 2k score and in particular cases, proteinuria quantification and platelet count. Disease activity dropped significantly in both groups. Improvement of disease activity markers was more significant in study group than that in non-IAS group. The lower dosage of steroid in study group suggested the steroid-sparing effect of IAS. No severe adverse effect occurred during IAS. Our study suggested IAS as an additional therapy to steroid pulse and immunosuppressant in treating severe SLE.
Chinese University of Hong Kong and The Third Peoples Hospital Of Shenzhen | Date: 2010-05-04
Disclosed is a method for the detection of virus variations. Disclosed also is a method for the treatment of virus infection in a subject based on the detection of virus variations. Additionally, a kit is provided for the detection of virus variations.
Dong C.F.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2012
To investigate the value of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) in evaluating the stage of hepatic fibrosis and early stage cirrhosis. Sixty-six patients with viral hepatitis underwent liver biopsy and 33 normal subjects (S0) were selected to accept ARFI,the shear wave velocity of hepatic segments s5, s6, s7, s8 and size of liver were measured. The results of liver and spleen size and portal vein's diameter were also measured. The 66 patients were divided into 3 groups: S1, S2-S3, S4. ARFI for 66 patients and 33 normal subjects showed good image quality. There were statistically significant differences between S4 group and S0 group, S1 group, S2-S3 group for the shear wave velocity of hepatic segments s5, s6, s7, s8 (P < 0.05). Between S2-S3 group and SO group S1 group, the shear wave velocity of hepatic segments s5, s6, s7, s8 also have statistically significant differences (P < 0.05), other parameters showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). Spleen size and the portal vein's diameter of S4 group were larger than those in other groups (P < 0.05). The invasive acoustic radiation force impulse could evaluate the stage of hepatic fibrosis and early stage cirrhosis in patients suffering from viral hepatitis. The measurement was feasible. It was suitable for clinical use.
Liu W.L.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2011
To investigate the characteristics of molecular epidemiology and molecular evolution of 5 EV 71 (enterovirus 71, EV71) strains from 5 Shenzhen patients with hand-food-mouth disease associated with EV 71 infection. 5 EV 71 strains were isolated, and sequenced to analyzed the full length gene sequences in order to compare nucleotide and amino acid homology with other EV71 strains from other regions and countries as well as previous strains across the world through bioinformatics software. 5 strains of EV 71 belonged to sub-genotype C4 by analysis of nucleotide sequences of VP1 and VP4 of EV 71. The differences of nucleotide and amino acid sequences were much small with nucleotide homology of 93% and amino acid homology of 98% among these 5 strains. A phylogenetic tree analysis indicated that 2008 Shenzhen epidemic strains were the most close to 2004 Shenzhen circulating strains, and also much close to 1998 Shenzhen epidemic strains and 2008 Fuyang Anhui strains. The dead strain was very close to 2008 Fuyang Anhui epidemic strains. It can be speculated that this epidemic strains of EV 71 probably originate from the same ancient strain in the history, may from 1998 Shenzhen strain.
Peng Q.L.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen
Zhonghua shi yan he lin chuang bing du xue za zhi = Zhonghua shiyan he linchuang bingduxue zazhi = Chinese journal of experimental and clinical virology | Year: 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the Th17/Th1 response in HIV infected patients and the mutual relationship between the response of Th17 and Th1. METHODS: 38 chronic HIV infected patients as well as 24 healthy volunteers were performed in this study. The patients were divided into two groups, one group before treatment, the other after therapy. The whole blood intracellular cytokine staining was used, samples detected by BD FACSCanto, after that, the expression of CD4+ IL-17+ T cell and CD4 IFN-gamma+ T cell were analyzed by FACSDiva software and lastly compared the differences among different groups. RESULTS: The expression of CD4+ IL-17+ T cell in naive-therapy patients were significantly lower than that of the healthy controls (1.14 +/- 0.7)9% vs (3.98 +/- 1.14)%, P = 0.000, but increased remarkably after HARRT(highly antiretroviral treatment) (2.22 +/- 1.00)%, P = 0.001; however there were no significant differences in the expression of CD4+ IFN-gamma+ T cell before and after therapy (34.35 +/- 24.38)% vs (42.10 +/- 15.57%), also with the healthy control (P = 0.383). The frequency of CD4 IL-17+ T cell was positively correlated with CD4+ T counts (R = 0.345, P = 0.034), but no significant correlations was observed between the expression of CD4+ IFN-gamma T cell and CD4+ T counts (R = -0.247, P = 0.136). CONCLUSION: The infection of HIV virus down-regulated Th17 immune response and disturbed the balances between Th17 and Th1 evidently in human. Th17 response may play an important role in the pathogenesis of HIV infection.
PubMed | The Third Peoples Hospital of Shenzhen
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biochemical and biophysical research communications | Year: 2016
Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease that is characterized by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb)-triggered immune system impairment and lung tissue damage shows limited treatment options. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of gene expression that play critical roles in many human diseases, and can be up- or downregulated by M.tb infection in macrophage. Recently, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP) 3 has been found to play roles in regulating macrophage inflammation. Here, we found that TIMP3 expression was regulated by miR-206 in M.tb-infected THP-1 human macrophages. In THP-1cells infected with M.tb, the miR-206 level was significantly upregulated and the expression of TIMP3 was markedly decreased when the secretion of inflammatory cytokines was increased. Inhibition of miR-206 markedly suppressed inflammatory cytokine secretion and upregulated the expression of TIMP3. In contrast, the upregulation of miR-206 promoted the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9 levels and inhibited TIMP3 levels. Using a dual-luciferase reporter assay, a direct interaction between miR-206 and the 3-untranslated region (UTR) of TIMP3 was confirmed. SiTIMP3, the small interfering RNA (siRNA) specific for TIMP3, significantly attenuated the suppressive effects of miR-206-inhibitor on inflammatory cytokine secretion and MMP9 expression. Our data suggest that miR-206 may function as an inflammatory regulator and drive the expression of MMP9 in M.tb-infected THP-1cells by targeting TIMP3, indicating that miR-206 is a potential therapeutic target for patients with TB.