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Yan J.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | Zhang Y.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan City | Ren C.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan City | Shi W.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan City | Chen L.,Shandong Academy of Sciences
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

Nuclear protein C23 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are reported to be correlated with cervical cancer (CC). However the correlations between C23 and EGFR were rarely reported. Here, this study explored the effects of C23 in activation of EGFR signaling pathway. In our study, immunohistochemistry was used to identify the expression of C23 or EGFR in CC tissues. The level of the phosphorylated EGFR was observed by western blot, and cell invasion capacity was detected by Transwell assay. In this study, we found that C23 and EGFR were highly expressed in cervical cancer tissues, while C23 on the cell surface mainly expressed in CC tissues with lymph node metastasis, and was correlated to EGFR statistically. In vitro, western blot showed that either anti-C23 or anti-EGFR antibodies can inhibit the phosphorlation of EGFR with significant differences (p < 0.01). Besides, based on Transwell assay, the number of membrane-invading cells was reduced significantly in anti-C23 group, and no significant difference was found compared with anti-EGFR treatment (p > 0.05). In conclusion, C23 on the cell surface may be a kind of indispensable component in activation of EGFR signaling, by which C23 can participate in the growth and invasion of tumors. C23 antagonists may provide a new field for cervical cancer therapy. © 2015 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source


Yan J.,Shandong Academy of Sciences | Zhang Y.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan City | Shi W.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan City | Ren C.,The Third Peoples Hospital of Jinan City | And 2 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2015

The high mobility group A2 (HMGA2), an oncofetal protein, was shown to play a role in tumor development and progression. However, the molecular and clinical role of HMGA2 in epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOCs) is still unknown. In the present study, EOC cell line SKOV3 was subjected to in vitro assays. Here, our findings showed that HMGA2 was highly expressed in EOC cell line SKOV3. HMGA2 knockdown promoted cell apoptosis and the cleavage of caspase 3, and decreased the B cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2)/Bax ratio in SKOV3. Functionally, HMGA2 knockdown resulted in reduction of SKOV3 cell migration and invasion. Mechanically, HMGA2 knockdown affected the occurrence of EMT by increasing E-cadherin gene and protein expression and decreasing the gene and protein expression of N-cadherin, slug, and vimentin. At the same time, HMGA2 also repressed the expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2) and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), which was consistent with the decreased invasion capacity. In conclusion, HMGA2 is associated with migration and invasiveness and regulates the progression of EMT in the development of EOC, and HMGA2 gene and protein may be a novel therapeutic target against EOC in the clinical practice. © 2015 International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) Source

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