Xiong X.-Y.,the Third Military Medical University |
Wang J.,Johns Hopkins University |
Qian Z.-M.,Chongqing Medical University |
Yang Q.-W.,the Third Military Medical University
Translational Stroke Research | Year: 2013
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Currently, there is no effective medical treatment available to improve functional outcomes in patients with ICH due to its unknown mechanisms of damage. Increasing evidence has shown that the metabolic products of erythrocytes are the key contributor of ICH-induced secondary brain injury. Iron, an important metabolic product that accumulates in the brain parenchyma, has a detrimental effect on secondary injury following ICH. Because the damage mechanism of iron during ICH-induced secondary injury is clear, iron removal therapy research on animal models is effective. Although many animal and clinical studies have been conducted, the exact metabolic pathways of iron and the mechanisms of iron removal treatments are still not clear. This review summarizes recent progress concerning the iron metabolism mechanisms underlying ICH-induced injury. We focus on iron, brain iron metabolism, the role of iron in oxidative injury, and iron removal therapy following ICH, and we suggest that further studies focus on brain iron metabolism after ICH and the mechanism for iron removal therapy. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
PubMed | Chongqing Normal University, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing Foundation for Poverty Alleviation and The Normal University of Gui Zhou
Type: | Journal: European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists | Year: 2016
Although alienation toward parents is important for children (for current mental health status or later interpersonal relationships in adulthood), it is undervalued and even lacks a standardized tool of assessment. Moreover, the large number of left-behind children in China is a cause of public concern. However, their experienced alienation toward their parents remains unclear, which may be important for early detection or intervention for behavioral problems in this population. Hence, the current study aimed to develop an alienation inventory for children and then use it to investigate the experienced alienation toward parents in Chinese left-behind children.Two studies were carried out. Study 1 was designed to develop a standard inventory of alienation toward parents (IAP). In study 2, 8361 children and adolescents (6704 of them were left-behind status) of the Chongqing area, aged between 8 and 19 years old, were recruited for investigation. All participants were surveyed with a standard sociodemographic questionnaire, childrens cognitive style questionnaire, childrens depression inventory, adolescent self-rating life events checklist, and newly built IAP in study 1.In study 1, we developed a two-component (communication and emotional distance) and 18-item (9 items for maternal or paternal form, respectively) IAP questionnaire. In study 2, exploratory factor analysis indicated an expected two-factor structure of IAP, which was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. The Cronbachs alpha coefficients showed a good reliability (0.887 and 0.821 for maternal and paternal form, respectively). Children with absent mother experienced the highest alienation toward parents. Boys as well as children aged 8-10 years old experienced higher alienation toward parents. Poor communication with parents (sparse or no connection), level of left-behind condition (parents divorced, been far away from parents), and psychosocial vulnerability (stressful life events, negative cognitive style) were risk factors of alienation toward parents.The current study develops a two-factor (communication and emotional distance) IAP, which offers a reliable tool to assess experienced alienation of affection toward parents in children aged between 8 and 19 years old. Our result is the first investigation of experienced alienation and potential influential factors in Chinese left-behind children. The findings that children with absent mother experience higher alienation toward parents, as well as three recognized risk factors for alienation of affection toward parents (poor communication with absent parents, worse left-behind condition, and psychosocial vulnerability), give valuable guidance for parents who intend to leave or who are already leaving as well as for government policymaking.
PubMed | the Third Military Medical University, PLA Fourth Military Medical University and Columbia University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: International immunopharmacology | Year: 2015
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have therapeutic potential for the prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). However, MSCs comprise several subpopulations, which have not been individually assessed for their role in GVHD suppression. In this study, we assessed the immunosuppressive effect of bone-related Sca1(+) MSCs on acute GVHD in a MHC-mismatched mouse model of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). Our results showed that Sca1(+) MSCs decreased the severity of acute GVHD (aGVHD) and prolonged the survival period of allogeneic HCT recipients. This effect was exerted through lowered T lymphocyte infiltration in target organs and by inhibition of CD80/86 expression on host dendritic cells. Furthermore, the expression of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4), a negative regulator of T cells, was elevated in the recipient splenocytes. In conclusion, bone-related Sca1(+) MSCs subpopulation suppressed GVHD and could be a novel treatment for acute GVHD.
Factors Affecting the Enhancement Patterns of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) on Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) and their Pathological Correlations in Patients with a Single Lesion [Einflussfaktoren auf die Kontrast-Enhancement-Muster beim intrahepatischen Cholangiokarzinom (ICC) in der kontrastverstärkten Sonografie (CEUS) und deren pathologische Zuordnungen bei Patienten mit Einzelläsion]
Yuan M.X.,Southwest University |
Li R.,Southwest University |
Zhang X.H.,Southwest University |
Tang C.L.,Southwest University |
And 3 more authors.
Ultraschall in der Medizin | Year: 2015
Purpose: To investigate the factors that influence the enhancement patterns of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICC) on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and analyze the correlations between the enhancement patterns on CEUS and pathological findings. Materials and Methods: Ninety-six patients with 96 pathologically confirmed ICCs underwent CEUS.?CEUS images were retrospectively evaluated for tumor enhancement patterns in the arterial, portal and late phases. The arterial enhancement patterns were correlated with clinicopathological factors. The possible influencing factors were correlated with pathologic findings. Results: Thirty-six patients with ICC demonstrated rim-like enhancement, and 60 exhibited non-rim-like enhancement in the arterial phase on CEUS.?The incidence of non-rim-like-enhancing ICCs was higher in patients with cirrhosis and chronic viral hepatitis than patients with no chronic liver disease (p?=?0.001). The sizes of the ICCs with homogeneous hyper-enhancement were significantly smaller than those with inhomogeneous hyper-enhancement (p?=?0.007). Arterial non-rim-like-enhancing ICCs showed higher microvessel density (MVD) and arterial density (AD) and less fibrous stroma and necrosis than rim-like-enhancing ICCs. Arterial inhomogeneous-enhancing ICCs had lower MVD and AD?and much more fibrous stroma and necrosis than homogeneous-enhancing ICCs. Conclusion: The enhancement pattern of ICCs in the arterial phase on CEUS was affected by a liver cirrhosis and chronic viral hepatitis and tumor size. The amount of MVD, AD, fibrous stroma and necrosis in ICC tumors may be responsible for the difference in the enhancement patterns. Copyright © 2015, Georg Thieme Verlag KG. All rights reserved.
Xiong X.-Y.,the Third Military Medical University |
Wang J.,the Third Military Medical University |
Qian Z.-M.,the Third Military Medical University |
Yang Q.-W.,the Third Military Medical University
Translational stroke research | Year: 2014
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Currently, there is no effective medical treatment available to improve functional outcomes in patients with ICH due to its unknown mechanisms of damage. Increasing evidence has shown that the metabolic products of erythrocytes are the key contributor of ICH-induced secondary brain injury. Iron, an important metabolic product that accumulates in the brain parenchyma, has a detrimental effect on secondary injury following ICH. Because the damage mechanism of iron during ICH-induced secondary injury is clear, iron removal therapy research on animal models is effective. Although many animal and clinical studies have been conducted, the exact metabolic pathways of iron and the mechanisms of iron removal treatments are still not clear. This review summarizes recent progress concerning the iron metabolism mechanisms underlying ICH-induced injury. We focus on iron, brain iron metabolism, the role of iron in oxidative injury, and iron removal therapy following ICH, and we suggest that further studies focus on brain iron metabolism after ICH and the mechanism for iron removal therapy.
Dai Q.,The Third Military Medical University |
Feng Z.,The Third Military Medical University
Clinical Neurophysiology | Year: 2012
Objective: This study aims to investigate the intensity evaluation of social stimuli in depression. Methods: Twenty-four never-disordered control participants (NC), 24 sub-clinically depressed individuals and 24 participants diagnosed with a current major depressive disorder (MDD) were recruited. All participants completed an emotional intensity evaluation task, in which they were required to judge the intensity of the facial expressions by pressing response keys, with the event-related potential (ERP) being recorded during the process. Results: The MDD participants had higher intensity scores for sad faces compared with the NC group, longer reaction times (RTs) for all faces compared with other groups and higher P1 and P2 amplitude for sad faces compared with other faces. The sub-clinically depressed individuals had lower intensity scores for happy and neutral faces compared with other groups, longer RTs for happy faces compared with other faces and higher P1 and P2 amplitudes for happy faces compared with sad faces. Conclusion: The findings suggest that the MDD participants are more excited for negative facial expressions, while the sub-clinically depressed individuals might have a disturbed perception for happy stimuli, which suggests a different cognitive pattern for facial expressions between MDD and sub-clinical depression. Moreover, the deep perception for sad faces is correlated with increased suicidal ideation. Significance: The intensity effect of social stimuli (facial expressions) was observed in sub-clinically and clinically depressed (MDD) individuals simultaneously, which might suggest that the more excited perception for negative facial expressions is a stable cognitive vulnerability possibly associated with the occurrence or recurrence of depression. © 2012 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology.
Chen J.,The Third Military Medical University |
Guo Y.,The Third Military Medical University |
Zeng W.,The Third Military Medical University |
Huang L.,The Third Military Medical University |
And 5 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology | Year: 2014
Epigenetics plays a key role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN), although the precise regulatory mechanism is still unclear. Here, we examined the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) methyltransferase SET7/9-induced monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) expression in the kidneys of db/db mice. Our results indicate that the expression of MCP-1 significantly increased in the kidneys of db/db mice in a time-dependent manner. An increased chromatin mark associated with an active gene (H3K4me1) at MCP-1 promoters accompanied this change in expression. The expression of SET7/9 and the recruitment to these promoters were also elevated. SET7/9 gene silencing with small interfering (si) RNAs significantly attenuated the expression of H3K4me1 and MCP-1. Furthermore, expression of signaling regulator glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), a monitor of ER stress, significantly increased in the kidneys of db/db mice. The expression of spliced X-box binding protein 1 (XBP1s), an ER stress-inducible transcription factor, and recruitment to the SET7/9 promoters were also increased. XBP1s gene silencing with siRNAs significantly attenuated the expression of SET7/9, H3K4me1, and MCP-1. The chaperone betaine not only effectively downregulated the GRP78 and XBP1s expression levels but also markedly decreased the SET7/9, H3K4me1, and MCP-1 levels. Luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that XBP1s participated in ER stress-induced SET7/9 transcription, Taken together, these results reveal that ER stress can trigger the expression of MCP-1, in part through the XBP1s-mediated induction of SET7/9. © 2014 the American Physiological Society.
Luo Y.,University of the Southwest |
Zhang B.,University of the Southwest |
Chen M.,The Third Military Medical University |
Jiang T.,University of the Southwest |
And 3 more authors.
Journal of Translational Medicine | Year: 2012
Background: High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) assay is of great clinical importance in predicting risks associated with coronary heart disease. Existing hs-CRP assays either require complex operation or have low throughput and cannot be routinely implemented in rural settings due to limited laboratory resources.Methods: We developed a novel hs-CRP assay capable of simultaneously quantifying over 90 clinical samples by using quantum dots-labeled immunoassay within a standard 96-well microplate. The specificity of the assay was enhanced by adopting two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that target distinct hs-CRP epitopes, serving as the coating antibody and the detection antibody, respectively. In the presence of hs-CRP antigen, the fluorescence intensity of the mAb-Ag-mAb sandwich complex captured on the microplate can be read out using a microplate reader.Results: The proposed hs-CRP assay provides a wide analytical range of 0.001-100 mg/L with a detection limit of 0.06 (0.19) μg/L within 1.5 h. The accuracy of the proposed assay has been confirmed for low coefficient of variations (CVs), 2.27% (intra-assay) and 8.52% (inter-assay), together with recoveries of 96.7-104.2%. Bland-Altman plots of 104 clinical samples exhibited good consistency among the proposed assay, commercial high-sensitivity ELISA, and nephelometry, indicating the prospects of the newly developed hs-CRP assay as an alternative to existing hs-CRP assays.Conclusion: The developed assay meets the needs of the rapid, sensitive and high-throughput determination of hs-CRP levels within a short time using minimal resources. In addition, the developed assay can also be used to detect and quantify other diagnostic biomarkers by immobilizing specific monoclonal antibodies. © 2012 Luo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
PubMed | The Third Military Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology | Year: 2016
Negativity bias in depression has been previously confirmed. However, mainly during a valence category task, it remains unclear how happy or unhappy individuals perceive emotional materials. Moreover, cerebral alteration measurements during a valence judgment task is lacking. The present study aimed to explore a valence judgment of a valence rating task, combined with event-related potential (ERP) recording.Healthy controls, individuals with sub-clinical depression, and patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) were recruited. Twenty-four subjects in each group completed a valence rating task, during which the ERP amplitudes were recorded.The MDD group had lower valence scores, faster responses, and greater N1 amplitudes for sad faces, whereas individuals with sub-clinical depression had faster responses and greater P1 amplitudes for all faces but lower valence scores and greater P2 amplitudes for happy faces.The findings suggest the tendency toward a negativity bias in valence ratings in patients with depression supported by behavioral and cerebral evidence, which is a latent trait of depression, possibly associated with the vulnerability of depression.The current study offers the first experimental evidence of cognitive and cerebral biomarkers of negativity bias in valence ratings in depression, which confirms Becks cognitive theory and gives important direction for clinical therapy.
PubMed | the Third Military Medical University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system : JRAAS | Year: 2015
It has been reported that angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is an endogenous counter-regulator of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. However, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)/ACE2 balance in the development of human heart failure is not well established.Here we evaluated the expression of ACE and ACE2 at the mRNA and protein levels in the myocardium of 78 patients with mild or moderate to severe heart failure and in 13 cases with normal myocardium.In the myocardium of patients with dilated or ischemic cardiomyopathy, ACE and ACE2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels was significantly increased compared with those in normal myocardium (P<0.01, P<0.01, respectively). The ratios of ACE/ACE2 mRNA and ACE/ACE2 were lower in the myocardium of patients with mild heart failure than those in normal myocardium but higher than those in patients with moderate to severe heart failure.ACE and ACE2 expression at the mRNA and protein levels are significantly increased in the myocardium of patients with heart failure. The compensatory mechanism of patients with mild heart may cause the decreased ACE/ACE2 ratio. However, increased ACE/ACE2 ratios may induce angiotensin II over-activation and accelerate cardiac remodeling in patients with moderate to severe heart failure.