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Zhang D.,Nanchang University | Zhang Y.,Nanchang University | Wang Z.,Nanchang University | Zhang X.,Nanchang University | Sheng M.,The Third Hospital of Nanchang
International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

Both target radiofrequency thermocoagulation and collagenase chemonucleolysis are effective micro-invasive therapy means for lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. In order to analyze the clinical effects of target radiofrequency thermocoagulation combined with collagenase chemonucleolysis on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation, the contents of hydroxyproline and glycosaminoglycan were measured and the histological changes of nucleus pulposus was detected in the vitro experiments. Radiofrequency thermocoagulation reduced the hydrolyzation of herniated nucleus pulposus caused by collagenase, as well as the content of hydroxyproline and glycosaminoglycan. Furthermore, 236 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation were treated by target radiofrequency thermocoagulation combined with collagenase chemonucleolysis. The efficiency was evaluated according to Macnab criteria, and the index of lumbar disc herniation (IDH) was compared pre-operation with 3 months post-operation. The post-operative good rate was 66.5% (157/236) at 2 weeks post-operation, and 88.1% (208/236) at 3 months post-operation. In the post-operative follow-up exam, 86.8% of the re-examined cases demonstrated smaller or ablated protrusion, with reduced IDH values from pre-operation, which was statistically significant. No serious complications were detected intra-operatively and post-operatively. In conclusion, target radiofrequency combined with collagenase chemonucleolysis was an effective and safe method for treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. © 2014, E-Century Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved. Source

Zhang Y.,PLA Fourth Military Medical University | Zhang Y.,Fudan University | Zhang Y.,University of Wyoming | Xu X.,University of Wyoming | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology | Year: 2014

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), an essential component of the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, plays a pivotal role in myocardial anomalies in sepsis. Recent evidence has depicted a role of Akt in LPS-induced cardiac sequelae although little information is available with regard to the contribution of Akt isoforms in the endotoxin-induced cardiac dysfunction. This study examined the effect of Akt2 knockout on LPS-induced myocardial contractile dysfunction and the underlying mechanism(s) with a focus on TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6). Echocardiographic properties and cardiomyocyte contractile function [peak shortening (PS), maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening, time-to-PS, time-to-90% relengthening] were examined in wild-type and Akt2 knockout mice following LPS challenge (4mg/kg, 4h). LPS challenge enlarged LV end systolic diameter, reduced fractional shortening and cardiomyocyte contractile capacity, prolonged TR90, promoted apoptosis, upregulated caspase-3/-12, ubiquitin, and the ubiquitination E3 ligase TRAF6 as well as decreased mitochondrial membrane potential without affecting the levels of TNF-α, toll-like receptor 4 and the mitochondrial protein ALDH2. Although Akt2 knockout failed to affect myocardial function, apoptosis, and ubiquitination, it significantly attenuated or mitigated LPS-induced changes in cardiac contractile and mitochondrial function, apoptosis and ubiquitination but not TRAF6. LPS facilitated ubiquitination, phosphorylation of Akt, GSK3β and p38, the effect of which with the exception of p38 was ablated by Akt2 knockout. TRAF6 inhibitory peptide or RNA silencing significantly attenuated LPS-induced Akt2 ubiquitination, cardiac contractile anomalies and apoptosis. These data collectively suggested that TRAF6 may play a pivotal role in mediating LPS-induced cardiac injury via Akt2 ubiquitination. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. Source

Lai X.,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine | Wang J.,Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine | Nabar N.R.,University of South Florida | Pan S.,Jinan University | And 14 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Previous animal and clinical studies have shown that acupuncture is an effective alternative treatment in the management of hypertension, but the mechanism is unclear. This study investigated the proteomic response in the nervous system to treatment at the Taichong (LR3) acupoint in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Unanesthetized rats were subject to 5-min daily acupuncture treatment for 7 days. Blood pressure was monitored over 7 days. After euthanasia on the 7th day, rat medullas were dissected, homogenized, and subject to 2D gel electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF analysis. The results indicate that blood pressure stabilized after the 5th day of acupuncture, and compared with non-acupoint treatment, Taichong-acupunctured rat's systolic pressure was reduced significantly (P<0.01), though not enough to bring blood pressure down to normal levels. The different treatment groups also showed differential protein expression: the 2D images revealed 571±15 proteins in normal SD rats' medulla, 576±31 proteins in SHR's medulla, 597±44 proteins in medulla of SHR after acupuncturing Taichong, and 616±18 proteins in medulla of SHR after acupuncturing non-acupoint. In the medulla of Taichong group, compared with non-acupoint group, seven proteins were down-regulated: heat shock protein-90, synapsin-1, pyruvate kinase isozyme, NAD-dependent deacetylase sirtuin-2, protein kinase C inhibitor protein 1, ubiquitin hydrolase isozyme L1, and myelin basic protein. Six proteins were up-regulated: glutamate dehydrogenase 1, aldehyde dehydrogenase 2, glutathione S-transferase M5, Rho GDP dissociation inhibitor 1, DJ-1 protein and superoxide dismutase. The altered expression of several proteins by acupuncture has been confirmed by ELISA, Western blot and qRT-PCR assays. The results indicate an increase in antioxidant enzymes in the medulla of the SHRs subject to acupuncture, which may provide partial explanation for the antihypertensive effect of acupuncture. Further studies are warranted to investigate the role of oxidative stress modulation by acupuncture in the treatment of hypertension. © 2012 Lai et al. Source

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