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Guo C.-L.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | Yang X.-H.,Harbin Medical University | Cheng W.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | Xu Y.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | And 5 more authors.
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention

Aims: Dysfunction of the host immune system in cancer patients can be due to a number of factors, including lymphocyte apoptosis. Several studies showed that Foxp3+T cells take part in inducing this process by expressing FasL in tumor patients. However, the relationship between apoptosis, CD8+T cells and Foxp3+T cells in HCC patients is still unclear. The present study was designed to investigate the correlation between apoptosis levels and Fas/FasL expression in CD8+T lymphocytes and Foxp3+T cells in patients with HCC. Methods: CD8+T cells and CD3+Foxp3+T cells were tested from peripheral blood of HCC patients and normal controls and subjected to multicolor flow cytometry. The expression of an apoptosis marker (annexin V) and the death receptor Fas in CD8+T cells and FasL in CD3+Foxp3+T cells were evaluated. Serum TGF-β1 levels in patients with HCC were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The relationship between apoptosis and Fas expression, as well as FasL expression in CD3+Foxp3+T cells was then evaluated. Results: The frequency of CD8+T cells binding annexin V and Fas expression in CD8+T cells, were all higher in HCC patients than normal controls and the proportion of apoptotic CD8+T cells correlated with their Fas expression. Serum TGF-β1 levels correlated inversely with CD3+Foxp3+T cells. Conclusions: Fas/FasL interactions might lead to excessive turnover of CD8+T cells and reduce anti-tumor immune responses in patients with HCC. Further investigations of apoptosis induction in Fas+CD8+T cells in vitro are required. Source

Zhang W.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | Wei L.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine | Yu W.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | Cui X.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | And 3 more authors.
Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment

Background: Jian-Pi-Zhi-Dong Decoction (JPZDD) is a dedicated treatment of Tourette syndrome (TS). The balance of neurotransmitters in the cortico-striato-pallido-thalamo-cortical network is crucial to the occurrence of TS and related to its severity. This study evaluated the effect of JPZDD on glutamate (Glu) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and their receptors in a TS rat model. Materials and methods: Rats were divided into four groups (n=12 each). TS was induced in three of the groups by injecting them with 3,3′-iminodipropionitrile for 7 consecutive days. Two model groups were treated with tiapride (Tia) or JPZDD, while the control and the remaining model group were gavaged with saline. Behavior was assessed by stereotypic score and autonomic activity. Striatal Glu and GABA contents were detected using microdialysis. Expressions of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 and GABAA receptor (GABAAR) were observed using Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Results: Tia and JPZDD groups had decreased stereotypy compared with model rats; however, the JPZDD group showed a larger decrease in stereotypy than the Tia group at a 4-week time point. In a spontaneous activity test, the total distance of the JPZDD and Tia groups was significantly decreased compared with the model group. The Glu levels of the model group were higher than the control group and decreased with Tia or JPZDD treatment. The GABA level was higher in the model group than the control group. Expressions of GABAAR protein in the model group were higher than in the control group. Treatment with Tia or JPZDD reduced the expression of GABAAR protein. In the case of the mRNA expression, only Tia reduced the expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1, compared with the model group. Conclusion: JPZDD could alleviate impairments in behavior and dysfunctional signaling by downregulating GABAA R in the striatum. We suggest that this acts to maintain the balance of Glu and GABA. © 2016 Zhang et al. Source

Gao X.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | Luo Y.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | Wang Y.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | Pang J.,The Third Affiliated Hospital | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Nanomedicine

Background: We designed dual-functional nanoparticles for in vivo application using a modified electrostatic and covalent layer-by-layer assembly strategy to address the challenge of assessment and treatment of hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Methods: Core-shell nanoparticles were formulated by integrating three distinct functional components, ie, a core constituted by poly(D,L-lactic-co-glycolic acid), docetaxel, and hydrophobic superparamagnetic iron oxide nanocrystals (SPIONs), a multilayer shell formed by poly(allylamine hydrochloride) and two different sized poly(ethylene glycol) molecules, and a single-chain prostate stem cell antigen antibody conjugated to the nanoparticle surface for targeted delivery. Results: Drug release profiles indicated that the dual-function nanoparticles had a sustained release pattern over 764 hours, and SPIONs could facilitate the controlled release of the drug in vitro. The nanoparticles showed increased antitumor efficiency and enhanced magnetic resonance imaging in vitro through targeted delivery of docetaxel and SPIONs to PC3M cells. Moreover, in nude mice bearing PC3M xenografts, the nanoparticles provided MRI negative contrast enhancement, as well as halting and even reversing tumor growth during the 76-day study duration, and without significant systemic toxicity. The lifespan of the mice treated with these targeted dual-function nanoparticles was significantly increased (Chi-square = 22.514, P < 0.0001). Conclusion: This dual-function nanomedical platform may be a promising candidate for tumor imaging and targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic agents in vivo. © 2012 Gao et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. Source

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