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Jaakkola J.,University of Turku | Hakala P.,The Social Insurance Institution | Isolauri E.,University of Turku | Poussa T.,Nokia Inc. | Laitinen K.,University of Turku
Nutrition | Year: 2013

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore whether type of eating behavior is related to diet and overweight in women after childbirth. Methods: In a prospective mother-infant study, women's (N = 189) eating behavior, dietary intake from food diaries, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured at 6, 12, 24, and 48 mo after giving birth. Three aspects of eating behavior were measured by the validated Three Factor Eating Questionnaire-18: cognitive restraint (CR; restricting of eating without associated hunger or fullness), emotional eating (EE; overeating due to negative feelings), and uncontrolled eating (UE; overeating irrespective of physiologic need). Results: High scores in CR associated with the lowest tertile of fat intake (% of energy [E%], P = 0.045). High UE scores associated with the highest tertiles of intakes of energy (kcal; P < 0.001), fiber (g; P < 0.001) and sucrose (E%; P < 0.001). High EE scores (P = 0.003) linked with overweight (body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2), whereas UE (P < 0.001) linked with central obesity (WC ≥ 80 cm). Conclusions: We demonstrated that certain types of eating behavior related to both energy-dense diet and weight and central adiposity. We propose that measuring eating behavior by the simple questionnaire could be a helpful tool in dietary counseling that aids in identifying women who are likely at risk for unhealthy dietary patterns and for developing overweight. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Koskenvuo K.,University of Helsinki | Koskenvuo K.,The Social Insurance Institution | Hublin C.,Finnish Institute of Occupational Health | Partinen M.,Skogby Sleep Clinic | And 2 more authors.
Sleep Medicine | Year: 2010

Objective: To find out if childhood adversities predict poor sleep quality in working age. Methods: Survey data from the Health and Social Support (HeSSup) study was used (N = 25,605, 59% women). Negative childhood adversities and quality of sleep in adulthood were assessed by the questionnaire in 1998. Multinomial regression models were used. Results: A graded association between childhood adversities and the quality of sleep in adulthood was found. Odds ratio (OR) of poor quality of sleep for those with multiple childhood adversities (3-6) was 3.64 (95% CI 2.94-4.50). The association between childhood adversities and the quality of sleep remained significant after adjustments for work status, use of psychotropic drugs, health behaviours, recent life events and child-parent relationships. Poor quality of sleep was clearly increased among those with both poor child-mother (OR 10.4, 95% CI 6.73-16.07) or poor child-father (OR 5.4, 95% CI 3.89-7.50) relationships and multiple childhood adversities. In the analyses of specific childhood adversities, frequent fear of a family member and serious conflicts in the family showed the strongest associations. Conclusions: The strong association between childhood adversities and the quality of sleep in adulthood highlights the importance of early life circumstances on adult health. Early stage recognition, prevention and supportive measures against childhood adversities and serious family conflicts should be promoted. © 2009.

Rikala M.,University of Eastern Finland | Hartikainen S.,University of Eastern Finland | Hartikainen S.,Leppavirta Health Center | Saastamoinen L.K.,The Social Insurance Institution | Korhonen M.J.,University of Turku
International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research | Year: 2013

Pharmacoepidemiological studies provide valuable information on the relationships between psychotropic drug use and adverse outcomes in older people. To minimize the influence of misclassification bias in pharmacoepidemiological studies, more emphasis should be given to methodological aspects of exposure assessment. This study evaluated the validity of a dosage assumption of one unit per day for measuring legend duration of psychotropic drug exposures among older people. Using data from the Finnish Prescription Register, the study analysed 62,320 psychotropic drug prescriptions dispensed for people aged≥75 years (n = 52,729) in September 2009. The proportions of prescriptions in which the prescribed dose deviated from one unit per day were assessed for categories and subcategories of psychotropic drugs. The prescription was considered misclassified (a) if the prescribed drug was intended for "as needed" use, (b) if the prescription included a dose range, or (c) if the prescribed dose was below or above one unit per day. Among antidepressants, less than every fourth (23.7%) prescription was misclassified. The proportions of misclassification varied substantially across subcategories, being 13.1% for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), 25.3% for other antidepressants and 53.8% for tricyclic antidepressants. Of the benzodiazepine and antipsychotic prescriptions, 79.9% and 57.6%, respectively, were misclassified. In conclusion, the dosage assumption of one unit per day is valid for measuring the legend duration of SSRI and other antidepressant exposures among older people. Among other psychotropic drugs, the dosage assumption is likely to lead to severe exposure misclassification. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Ilus T.,University of Tampere | Kaukinen K.,University of Tampere | Virta L.J.,The Social Insurance Institution | Pukkala E.,University of Tampere | Collin P.,University of Tampere
The American journal of gastroenterology | Year: 2014

The association between celiac disease and malignancies is well recognized. In Finland, the prevalence of clinically diagnosed adult celiac disease is 0.6%. In this large, population-based cohort, we aimed at a realistic projection of the cancer risk. In the period 2002-2011, the register comprised 32,439 adult celiac patients. This was linked with the Finnish Cancer Registry, which covers over 98% of diagnosed malignancies. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was calculated for the malignancies, on the basis of incidence figures for the whole population. A time-stratified analysis was made in celiac patients diagnosed after 2004 (n=11,991). Lifestyle factors, including smoking habits and obesity, were not obtainable. The overall incidence ratio of malignant diseases was not increased (SIR 0.94; 95% confidence intervals 0.89-0.98), but it was ≥5 years from the diagnosis of celiac disease (1.31, 1.04-1.63). The SIRs for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL; 1.94; 1.62-2.29), small-intestinal cancer (4.29; 2.83-6.24), colon cancer (1.35; 1.13-1.58), and basal cell carcinoma of the skin (1.13; 1.03-1.22) were increased, whereas those for lung cancer (0.60; 0.48-0.74), pancreatic cancer (0.73; 0.53-0.97), bladder cancer (0.53; 0.35-0.77), renal cancer (0.72; 0.51-0.99), and breast cancer (0.70; 0.62-0.79) were decreased. SIR for NHL immediately after the diagnosis of celiac disease was 2.56 (1.37-4.38). There was no increased SIR of cancer in the whole series, but SIR was increased after 5 years from the diagnosis of celiac disease. The risk of breast and lung cancers was decreased. The risk of small-intestinal cancer and NHL was increased, but to a lesser extent than previously described.

Jeglinsky I.,Arcada University of Applied Sciences | Jeglinsky I.,Karolinska Institutet | Autti-Ramo I.,The Social Insurance Institution | Brogren Carlberg E.,Karolinska Institutet
Child: Care, Health and Development | Year: 2012

Background In order to best meet the needs of both families and their children with cerebral palsy, many rehabilitation service providers have adopted a family-centred service (FCS) approach. In FCS parents are seen as experts on their child's needs, and the family and professionals collaborate in the rehabilitation process. However, parents and service providers might look at FCS from different points of view, i.e. look into the mirror from two different sides. The objective of this study was to explore the degree to which parents experience the service as being family-centred and to which extent the service providers experience their service provision as family-centred. Methods A translated version of The Measure of Processes of Care 20 (MPOC-20) questionnaire was used to evaluate parents' experience of FCS, and a Measures of Processes of Care for Service Providers (MPOC-SP) questionnaire was used to evaluate the FCS provided by professionals. Parents visiting two university hospital neuropediatric wards (n= 67) during a 2-month period and who were willing to participate received the questionnaire. Also the service providers working on the same wards (n= 49) were invited to participate. Results A total of 53 families and 29 service providers completed the questionnaires. Both parents and professionals generally rated the FCS positively. General information was rated lowest and respectful treatment the highest by both parents and professionals. The results revealed that written information about the child's condition, the possibility to choose when to receive information, and contact with other families in the same situation are areas in need of improvement. Conclusions The possibility to regularly evaluate services both from the families' and the professionals' perspectives should be part of quality development. Providing general information is a challenge for all service providers. The MPOC questionnaires can be used to highlight important areas of improvement in FCS. © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

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