The Smooth Muscle Research Group

Calgary, Canada

The Smooth Muscle Research Group

Calgary, Canada
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El-Yazbi A.F.,The Smooth Muscle Research Group | Johnson R.P.,The Smooth Muscle Research Group | Walsh E.J.,The Smooth Muscle Research Group | Takeya K.,University of Calgary | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physiology | Year: 2010

Our understanding of the cellular signalling mechanisms contributing to agonist-induced constriction is almost exclusively based on the study of conduit arteries. Resistance arteries/arterioles have received less attention as standard biochemical approaches lack the necessary sensitivity to permit quantification of phosphoprotein levels in these small vessels. Here, we have employed a novel, highly sensitive Western blotting method to assess: (1) the contribution of Ca2+ sensitization mediated by phosphorylation of myosin light chain phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) and the 17 kDa PKC-potentiated protein phosphatase 1 inhibitor protein (CPI-17) to serotonin (5-HT)-induced constriction of rat middle cerebral arteries, and (2) whether there is any interplay between pressure-induced myogenic and agonist-induced mechanisms of vasoconstriction. Arterial diameter and levels of MYPT1 (T697 and T855), CPI-17 and 20 kDa myosin light chain subunit (LC20) phosphorylation were determined following treatment with 5-HT (1 μmol l-1) at 10 or 60 mmHg in the absence and presence of H1152 or GF109203X to suppress the activity of Rho-associated kinase (ROK) and protein kinase C (PKC), respectively. Although H1152 and GF109203X suppressed 5-HT-induced constriction and reduced phospho-LC20 content at 10 mmHg, we failed to detect any increase in MYPT1 or CPI-17 phosphorylation. In contrast, an increase in MYPT1-T697 and MYPT1-T855 phosphorylation, but not phospho-CPI-17 content, was apparent at 60 mmHg following exposure to 5-HT, and the phosphorylation of both MYPT1 sites was sensitive to H1152 inhibition of ROK. The involvement of MYPT1 phosphorylation in the response to 5-HT at 60 mmHg was not dependent on force generation per se, as inhibition of cross-bridge cycling with blebbistatin (10 μmol l-1) did not affect phosphoprotein content. Taken together, the data indicate that Ca2+ sensitization owing to ROK-mediated phosphorylation of MYPT1 contributes to 5-HT-evoked vasoconstriction only in the presence of pressure-induced myogenic activation. These findings provide novel evidence of an interplay between myogenic- and agonist-induced vasoconstriction in cerebral resistance arteries. © 2010 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2010 The Physiological Society.

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