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Tao T.,Nanjing Southeast University | Tao T.,The Surgical Center | Liu D.,Nanjing Southeast University | Liu D.,The Surgical Center | And 14 more authors.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Gene Regulatory Mechanisms | Year: 2014

The histone methyltransferase enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) has recently attracted considerable attention because of its dysregulation in prostate cancer (PCa) and its important function in PCa development. To date, little is known about the underlying cellular function and regulatory networks of EZH2 in PCa. This study aims to determine whether or not the autoregulatory feedback loop of EZH2/miR-200c/E2F3 serves key functions in PCa development. Bioinformatics and integrative analytical approaches were employed to identify the relationships of EZH2 to specific cancer-related gene sets. Results indicated that the enrichment of gene sets about cell cycle progression was associated with EZH2 expression. The depletion of EZH2 in cell experiments inhibited PCa cell growth and blocked cell cycle accompanying the downregulation of E2F3 expression. Furthermore, miR-200c served as an important mediator between EZH2 and E2F3. Compared with scrambled control cells, sh-EZH2 cells showed lower H3K27me3 expression and higher miR-200c expression. Western blot and luciferase reporter assays showed that miR-200c inversely modulated E2F3 by directly targeting the binding site within 3'UTR. Moreover, decreased miR-200c expression largely abrogated the effect of sh-EZH2 on E2F3 expression and E2F3-induced cell cycle progression. EZH2 was positively regulated by E2F3 at the transcriptional level. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization revealed a significant correlation among EZH2, miR-200c, and E2F3 expression in human PCa tissues. In conclusion, the autoregulatory feedback loop of EZH2/miR-200c/E2F3 served an important function in PCa development. Targeting this aberrantly activated feedback loop may provide a new therapeutic strategy against PCa. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Zhao M.,the Second Peoples Hospital of Hefei | Hu H.-G.,the Second Peoples Hospital of Hefei | Huang J.,the Second Peoples Hospital of Hefei | Zou Q.,the Second Peoples Hospital of Hefei | And 6 more authors.
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine | Year: 2013

Altered expression of Twist, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 proteins has been identified in various types of human cancers. However, the correlation between Twist and these gelatinases in breast cancer remains unclear. In this study, immunohistochemical analysis of Twist, MMP-2 and MMP-9 expression was performed on tissue microarrays from 200 breast cancer cases. The association of Twist and gelatinase expression with clinicopathological factors and patient survival was analyzed. Altered expression of Twist, MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins was observed in breast cancer tissue. The positive rates of Twist, MMP-2 and MMP-9 protein expression were 75.5, 97.0 and 96.0%, respectively. Increased expression of Twist was positively correlated with the status of axillary lymph node metastasis and higher tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage (P<0.01). Moreover, increased expression of Twist was correlated with poor overall survival (OS) and post-operative relapse-free survival (RFS), compared with those for the patients with reduced expression levels of Twist (P<0.05, P<0.01). The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was positively correlated with Twist expression (P<0.001). Our results indicate that Twist may play an important role in the invasion, metastasis and prognosis of breast cancer. Additionally, our results suggest that Twist may be a regulator of gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9).

Hu L.Y.,the Second Peoples Hospital of Hefei
Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology | Year: 2013

To investigate the clinical outcomes of surgical treatment of fracture of the fifth metatarsal base combined with degree III lateral ligament injury of ankle. From January 2008 to December 2011, 32 patients with fracture of the fifth metatarsal base combined with degree III lateral ligament injury of ankle were treated with surgery. Fractures were fixed with compressed canulated screw and ligaments were repaired with suture anchors. After operation, ankle joints were fixed in neutral position and slightly valgus position by plaster slab. Taking out stitch was performed at 2 weeks after operation and non-weight loading walking by double crutches support started; after the 6 weeks, remove the gypsum and part-weight loading walking by brace protection; at the 8 weeks after operation, completely weight loading walking was permitted. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) was used to evaluate the clinical effect. Thirty-two patients were followed up from 8 to 18 months with an average of 12 months. All fractures obtained healing with an average time of 12.5 weeks (ranged, 8 to 24 weeks). According to the standard of AOFAS, 18 cases got excellent results and 14 good. The method that fracture fixation with compressed canulated screw and ligament repair with suture anchors can obtain satisfactory effects in treating fracture of the fifth metatarsal base and degree III lateral ligament injury of ankle.

Luo C.,the Second Peoples Hospital of Hefei | Zhu X.,Anhui Medical University | Yao C.,Anhui Medical University | Hou L.,Anhui Medical University | And 3 more authors.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research | Year: 2015

A growing number of studies have associated short-term exposure to ambient particulate matter air pollution (PM) and risk of specific cardiovascular events, just as myocardial infarction (MI). However, the results of the recent studies were inconsistent; therefore, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. To synthetically quantify the association between short-term exposure to PM and risk of MI, a meta-analysis was conducted to combine the estimates of effect for a relationship between short-term exposure to PM10, PM2.5 (particulate matter ≤ 10 μm, 2.5 μm in diameter) and risk of MI. Electronic database searches for all relevant published studies were updated in January 2015. And, a random-effects model was performed to estimate pooled relative risk (RR) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI). Thirty-one published observational epidemiological studies were identified. Risk of MI was significantly associated with per 10 μg/m3 increment in PM10 (OR = 1.005; 95 % CI 1.001–1.008) and PM2.5 (OR = 1.022; 95 % CI 1.015–1.030). The risk of PM2.5 exposure was relatively greater than PM10. In the subgroup analysis by study design, location, quality score, and lag exposure, the results were basically consistent with the former overall results in PM2.5 but slightly changed in PM10. Short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM2.5, PM10) was a risk factor for MI, and the results further confirmed the discovery in the previous meta-analysis. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Ma L.,Bengbu Medical College | Li G.-z.,the Second Peoples Hospital of Hefei | Wu Z.-s.,Anhui Medical University | Meng G.,Anhui Medical University
Medical Oncology | Year: 2014

Let-7 microRNAs (miRNAs) are found in a wide range of species, and alterations of let-7 miRNA family member expression levels in humans are associated with various types of cancer. However, few researchers have reported alterations in let-7b levels in breast cancer (BC). Specifically, the use of altered let-7 expression as a prognostic biomarker is of particular interest and significance. The aim of this study was to investigate whether let-7b could be used as a biomarker of tumor progression and patient prognosis in BC and to determine the target gene of let-7b. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical pathological characteristics of 80 BC. We utilized digoxigenin-labeled locked nucleic acid-miRNA probes to detect let-7b expression in 80 BC and 22 benign breast disease (BBD) histologic specimens by in situ hybridization, and also detect the expression of BSG-a potential target gene of let-7b-by immunohistochemistry. We observed that the levels of let-7b expression in BBD were higher than in BC specimens (P < 0.05), indicating that let-7b could inhibit growth and facilitate differentiation of BBD. Also, loss of let-7b expression on BC tissue specimens raised the possibility that let-7b could play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of BC. Furthermore, let-7b expression in breast cancer patients was inversely associated with tumor lymph node metastasis (P = 0.001), patient overall survival (P = 0.027), relapse-free survival (P = 0.016), and BSG protein expression (P = 0.001). Breast cancer patients with low let-7b expression had poor prognoses, indicating let-7b might act as cancer suppressor gene in BC development and progression by inhibiting the expression of BSG. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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