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Yang H.,the Second Hospital of Tangshan
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2013

To analyze the therapy and effectiveness of ulnar styloid fracture complicated with wrist dorsal branch of ulnar nerve injury. Between October 2005 and October 2012, 16 cases of ulnar styloid fracture complicated with wrist dorsal branch of ulnar nerve injury were treated. There were 14 males and 2 females with an average age of 42 years (range, 22-58 years). Fracture was caused by traffic accident in 8 cases, by mechanical crush in 5 cases, and by falling in 3 cases. According to the anatomical features of the ulnar styloid and imaging findings, ulnar styloid fractures were classified as type I (ulnar styloid tip fracture) in 1 case and type II (ulnar styloid base fracture) in 15 cases. The skin sensation of ulnar wrist was S0 in 5 cases, S1 in 1 case, S2 in 7 cases, and S3 in 3 cases according to the criteria of the British Medical Research Council in 1954 for the sensory functions of the ulnar wrist. The time from injury to operation was 6-72 hours (mean, 18 hours). Fracture was treated by operative fixation, and nerve was repaired by epineurium neurolysis in 13 cases of nerve contusion and by sural nerve graft in 3 cases of complete nerve rupture. All incisions healed by first intention. Sixteen patients were followed up for an average time of 14 months (range, 6-24 months). The X-ray films showed that all of them achieved bone union at 4-10 weeks after operation (mean, 6 weeks). No patient had complications such as ulnar wrist chronic pain and an inability to rotate. According to Green-O'Brien wrist scoring system, the results were excellent in 13 cases and good in 3 cases; according to the criteria of the British Medical Research Council in 1954 for the sensory functions of the ulnar wrist, the results were excellent in all cases, including 11 cases of S4 and 5 cases of S3+. Two-point discrimination of the ulnar wrist was 5-9 mm (mean, 6.6 mm). For patients with ulnar styloid fracture complicated with wrist dorsal branch of ulnar nerve injury, internal fixation and nerve repair should be performed. It can prevent ulnar wrist pain and promote sensory recovery.


Objective: The purpose of this study is to present an imaging scoring system for the patients with spinal cord injury without radiologic evidence of trauma (SCIWORET), by which the selection of the optimal surgical approaches for this injury needing surgical intervention can be quantified and standardized. Methods: The imaging scoring system was designed and established from the retrospective analysis of the 150 patients with cervical myelopathy who underwent different surgical approaches with satisfactory clinical results (>60% recovery rates) using the maximum likelihood discriminance. Six imaging indices closely related to the surgical approach were selected for each patient, including segmental instability, congenital spinal canal stenosis, the degree of spinal cord compression, hypertrophy of the ligamentum flava, and the localized or continuous ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament. Then the clinical outcomes of patients with SCIWORET were evaluated between the patients consistent with the imaging scoring system(Group A) and those not consistent with the imaging scoring system (Group B) to explore the clinical significance of the scoring system. Results: Of the two groups of patients with SCIWORET, there was a significant difference in post-operative JOA score (t=-9.626; p<0.0001) and recovery rate (t=-2.387; P=0.023), showing statistically significant more improvement at the clinical symptoms and JOA scores in Group A than that in Group B. Conclusions: For the patients with SCIWORET needing surgical intervention, the imaging scoring system can provide guidelines for surgeons in choosing the appropriate surgical approach to optimize clinical outcomes and minimize complications. © 2015, Ege University Press. All rights reserved.


Chen C.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Tang P.,Chinese PLA General Hospital | Zhao G.,the Second Hospital of Tangshan
Injury | Year: 2014

Background: Reconstruction of soft tissue defects in fingers continues to be a challenging problem. The purpose of this study is to report the reconstruction of small-to-moderate defects of fingers with dorsal digital island flap (DDIF) and to evaluate the efficacy of use of the flap. Methods: Over last six years, a retrospective study was conducted with 65 patients who had soft tissue defects of fingers treated with the DDIF. Sixty-nine soft-tissue defects were found in 69 fingers in 65 patients. Based on the flow direction of blood supply, the patients were divided into two groups: the direct (n = 35) and reversed (n = 30) DDIF groups. In addition, based on the different donor sites, the direct DDIF group was divided into two subgroups: the proximal phalangeal direct DDIF subgroup (n = 16) and the extended pedicle direct DDIF subgroup (n = 19). The main outcomes were static 2-point discrimination and Semmes-Weinstein monofilament scores of flap and joint motion. Results: At the final follow-up, the mean static two-point discrimination of the flaps was 9.7 mm (range, 8 to 12 mm) in the proximal phalangeal direct DDIF subgroup and 8.3 mm (range, 7 to 11 mm) in the extended pedicle direct DDIF subgroup, with a significant difference (p = 0.005). In the direct DDIF group, there was no significant difference in total active motion between the donor fingers and the opposite sides. In the reversed DDIF group, the mean total active motion of the donor fingers was 170° and the data of the opposite sides was 181°, with a significant difference (p = 0.024). Maximum amplitude losses of 15° were seen in 12% of patients in the distal interphalangeal joint. Conclusions: The DDIF is reliable and technically easy for reconstructing small-to-moderate defects of fingers. The extended pedicle direct DDIF may be an optional solution when sensory reconstruction is needed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Yu Z.,the Second Hospital of Tangshan
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2013

To investigate the effectiveness of transplanting iliac bone flap with deep iliac circumflex vessels and cancellous bone for the treatment of adult avascular necrosis of the femoral head (ANFH). A retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 685 patients (803 hips) with ANFH, who underwent iliac bone flap transplantation with deep iliac circumflex vessels and cancellous bone between March 2002 and January 2010. There were 489 males (580 hips) and 196 females (223 hips) with a mean age of 40.4 years (range, 18-63 years), including 567 unilateral cases (303 left hips and 264 right hips) and 118 bilateral cases. The causes of ANFH included alcohol-induced in 223 cases, steroid-induced in 179 cases, alcohol + steroid-induced in 21 cases, traumatic in 136 cases, acetabular dysplasia in 8 cases, bone cyst in 5 cases, septic arthritis in 2 cases, joint tuberculosis in 3 cases, rheumatoid arthritis in 5 cases, and idiopathic in 103 cases. According to Steinberg staging, 211 hips were rated as stage II, 513 hips as stage III, and 79 hips as stage IV. The preoperative Harris hip score was 60.30 +/- 7.02. Fat necrosis occurred in 2 cases after operation, primary healing of incision was obtained in the other cases; delayed infection, lower extremity deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism occurred in 2 cases, respectively. All patients were followed up 36-60 months (mean, 49 months). Harris hip score at last follow-up (83.50 +/- 7.31) was significantly higher than that at preoperation (t= -2 266.980, P=0.000), and the scores were significantly higher than those at preoperation in different stages (P < 0.05). The results were excellent in 523 hips, good in 185 hips, fair in 65 hips, and poor in 30 hips, and the excellent and good rate was 88.2%. X-ray examination showed bone fusion of transplanted bone flap and bone graft with an average of 4.2 months (range, 3-6 months); according to Steinberg staging, imaging stable rate was 78.3% (629/803) at last follow-up. Iliac bone flap transplantion with deep iliac circumflex vessels and cancellous bone has the advantages of complete decompression of the femoral head, exact flap blood supply, improved blood supply of the femoral head, new support for the femoral head, and participation of osteoinductive effect for the treatment of adult ANFH, so it is an effective treatment for the retention of the femoral head.


Liu H.,the Second Hospital of Tangshan
Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery | Year: 2013

To investigate the effectiveness of tissue transplantation combined with bone transmission in treatment of large defects of tibial bone and soft tissue. Between February 2006 and February 2011, 15 cases of traumatic tibia bone and soft tissue defects were treated. There were 12 males and 3 females, aged from 16 to 54 years (mean, 32 years). After internal and external fixations of fracture, 11 patients with open fracture (Gustilo type III) had skin necrosis, bone exposure, and infection; after open reduction and internal fixation, 2 patients with closed fracture had skin necrosis and infection; and after limb replantation, 2 patients had skin necrosis and bone exposure. The area of soft tissue defect ranged from 5 cm x 5 cm to 22 cm x 17 cm. Eight cases had limb shortening with an average of 3.5 cm (range, 2-5 cm) and angular deformity. The lenghth of bone defect ranged from 4 to 18 cm (mean, 8 cm). The flap transplantation and skin graft were used in 9 and 6 cases, respectively; bone transmission and limb lengthening orthomorphia were performed in all cases at 3 months after wound healing; of them, 2 cases received double osteotomy bone transmission, and 14 cases received autologous bone graft and reset after apposition of fracture ends. All flaps and skin grafts survived; the wound healed at 3.5 months on average (range, 3 weeks-18 months). The length of bone lengthening was 6-22 cm (mean, 8 cm). The time of bone healing and removal of external fixation was 9.5-39.0 months (mean, 15 months). The healing index was 40-65 days/cm (mean, 55 days/cm). All patients were followed up 1-5 years (mean, 4 years). The wounds of all the cases healed well without infection or ulceration. The functions of weight-bearing and walking were recovered; 6 cases had normal gait and 9 cases had claudication. The knee range of motion was 0 degrees in extention, 120-160 degrees in flexion (mean, 150 degrees). According to the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) scoring system for ankle function, the results were excellent in 7 cases, good in 4 cases, and fair in 4 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 73.3%. Tissue transplantation combined with bone transmission is an effective method to treat large defects of soft tissue and tibial bone, which can increase strength of bone connection and reduce damage to the donor site.

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