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Roskilde, Denmark

The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts has provided a practice-oriented complement to the scholarly investigation of the arts carried out at Danish universities for more than 250 years, playing a crucial part in the development of the distinctive tradition of the art of Denmark. Wikipedia.


Klint L.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation
2014 International Conference on Prognostics and Health Management, PHM 2014 | Year: 2015

Visual brand identities often and rapidly deteriorate (degradation to failure) if not strenuously, time-consumingly and continuously managed/maintained. There are several reasons for this and in this paper we identify the various visual brand identity processes and components, and the culprits/pitfalls (failure causes) that typically lead to a visual brand identity getting off track. In this paper, we also propose a PHM-based visual brand identity management system (VBIMS) to avoid or reduce such deterioration. © 2014 IEEE.


Sanders K.L.,University of Adelaide | Lee M.S.Y.,South Australian Museum | Mumpuni,Indonesian Institute of Sciences | Bertozzi T.,South Australian Museum | Rasmussen A.R.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2013

The viviparous sea snakes (Hydrophiinae: Hydrophiini) comprise a young but morphologically and ecologically diverse clade distributed throughout the Indo-Pacific. Despite presenting a very promising model for marine diversification studies, many relationships among the 62 species and 16 genera in Hydrophiini remain unresolved. Here, we extend previous taxonomic and genomic sampling for Hydrophiini using three mitochondrial fragments and five nuclear loci for multiple individuals of 39 species in 15 genera. Our results highlight many of the impediments to inferring phylogenies in recent rapid radiations, including low variation at all five nuclear markers, and conflicting relationships supported by mitochondrial and nuclear trees. However, concatenated Bayesian and likelihood analyses, and a multilocus coalescent tree, recovered concordant support for primary clades and several previously unresolved inter-specific groupings. The Aipysurus group is monophyletic, with egg-eating specialists forming separate, early-diverging lineages. All three monotypic semi-aquatic genera (Ephalophis, Parahydrophis and Hydrelaps) are robustly placed as early diverging lineages along the branch leading to the Hydrophis group, with Ephalophis recovered as sister to Parahydrophis. The molecular phylogeny implies extensive evolutionary convergence in feeding adaptations within the Hydrophis group, especially the repeated evolution of small-headed (microcephalic) forms. Microcephalophis (Hydrophis) gracilis is robustly recovered as a relatively distant sister lineage to all other sampled Hydrophis group species, here termed the 'core Hydrophis group'. Within the 'core Hydrophis group', Hydrophis is recovered as broadly paraphyletic, with several other genera nested within it (Pelamis, Enhydrina, Astrotia, Thalassophina, Acalyptophis, Kerilia, Lapemis, Disteira). Instead of erecting multiple new genera, we recommend dismantling the latter (mostly monotypic) genera and recognising a single genus, Hydrophis Latreille 1802, for the core Hydrophis group. Estimated divergence times suggest that all Hydrophiini last shared a common ancestor ∼6. million years ago, but that the majority of extant lineages diversified over the last ∼3.5. million years. The core Hydrophis group is a young and rapidly speciating clade, with 26 sampled species and 9 genera and dated at only ∼1.5-3. million years old. © 2012 Elsevier Inc.


Sanders K.L.,University of Adelaide | Rasmussen A.R.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Schools of Architecture, Design and Conservation | Guinea M.L.,Charles Darwin University
Biological Conservation | Year: 2014

The viviparous sea snakes include 62 ecologically diverse species, many of which are of very recent evolutionary origin and have overlapping distributions. Peak sea snake diversity and endemism is recorded from the isolated emergent reefs of the Timor Sea in Northwest Australia. However, nine species have disappeared from Ashmore, the largest of these reefs, over the last 15. years, including two critically endangered Aipysurus species that have also disappeared from neighbouring Hibernia Reef. A third Timor Sea endemic, Aipysurus fuscus, is now known only from Scott and Hibernia reefs, where it coexists with closely related and locally abundant Aipysurus laevis. We analysed microsatellite markers for A. fuscus and A. laevis sampled across four Timor Sea reefs to assess evidence for recent inter-specific gene flow and historical introgression. Our data fit an Isolation-Migration model, which showed significant and asymmetrical levels of gene flow following species divergence, and highest rates of introgression from the large A. laevis population into the much smaller A. fuscus population. Population assignment analyses recovered two ancestral clusters that broadly corresponded to morphological species designations, but revealed high frequencies of hybrids on all four reefs and individuals of pure A. fuscus ancestry only at Scott and (historically) Ashmore. Most unexpectedly, 95% of snakes sampled at Hibernia were hybrids that resembled A. laevis in phenotype, revealing a collapse of reproductive barriers ('reverse speciation') at this reef. These results have dire implications for the conservation status of A. fuscus, and highlight the fragility of reproductive barriers in a recent marine radiation. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FETPROACT-2-2014 | Award Amount: 3.64M | Year: 2015

This projects objective is to develop and to investigate closely linked symbiotic relationships between robots and natural plants and to explore the potentials of a plant-robot society able to produce architectural artifacts and living spaces. We will create a society of robot-plant bio-hybrids functioning as an embodied, self-organizing, and distributed cognitive system. The system grows and develops over long periods of time in interactions with humans resulting in the creation of meaningful architectural structures. The robotic assemblies (artificial plants) support and control the biological plants through appropriate scaffolding, watering, and stimuli that exploit the plants different tropisms. The natural plant, in turn, supports and controls the robotic plant by guiding it through growth and support the weight of the robot in later growth phases. The artificial plants are built from small heterogeneous sensing and actuation modules connected using lightweight construction elements. Each robotic plant connects wirelessly to the Internet. In contrast to top-down control, we explore a developmental plasticity of bio-hybrid systems, where robots and plans grow together from sprout to adult stage and form a closely co-dependent and self-organized system. The robot-plant organisms live in a human-inhabited environment and through interaction with humans grow into architectural structures (e.g., walls, roofs, benches) providing functionality such as shade, air quality control, and stress relief. Humans, plants, and robots form an internet-connected social garden where desired structures and behavior patterns emerge based on both local interactions and global interaction with parts of the garden growing at other locations. Hence, the social garden is a cultural system that shows long-term learning and adaptation where all past actions and interactions between the natural and artificial plants are represented in the embodiment of the garden.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: EeB.ENV.2010.3.2.4-1 | Award Amount: 6.70M | Year: 2010

The project 3ENCULT bridges the gap between conservation of historic buildings and climate protection, which is not an antagonism at all: historic buildings will only survive if maintained as living space. Energy efficient retrofit is useful for structural protection as well as for comfort reasons - comfort for users and comfort for heritage collections. The joint task of conservation and energy efficient retrofit is highly interdisciplinary. The 3ENCULT consortium consists of scientists and stakeholders, especially on the level of SMEs, from the fields of diagnostics, conservation, building physics, sustainability, architecture and lighting up to cybernetics, thus guaranteeing both, the development of sustainable solutions and the impact on European economy. Eight case studies will demonstrate and verify solutions that are applicable to the majority of European built heritage in urban areas. Building owners and local historic preservation agencies are integrated in local case study teams. 3ENCULT will demonstrate the feasibility of Factor 4 to Factor 10 reduction in energy demand, depending on the case and the heritage value. The main objectives are the development of passive and active solutions for conservation and energy efficient retrofit including available products as well as new developments by involved SMEs, the definition of diagnosis and monitoring instruments, the long term monitoring (also for IEQ controlling) and the planning and evaluation tools and concepts supporting the implementation, the quality assurance and control of success of the energy retrofit measures. Guidelines will be disseminated to the scientific and public community. Finally, position papers will be issued suggesting possible integrations and/or implementations of the present regulation framework for improving energy efficiency of historic buildings in urban areas and in particular EPBD and Environmental Impact Assessment as well as Aalborg Commitments and Leipzig Charter.

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