Time filter

Source Type

Sanders K.L.,University of Adelaide | Schroeder T.,University of Adelaide | Guinea M.L.,Charles Darwin University | Rasmussen A.R.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design
PLoS ONE | Year: 2015

The critically endangered leaf-scaled (Aipysurus foliosquamaI) and short-nosed (A. apraefrontalis) sea snakes are currently recognised only from Ashmore and Hibernia reefs ∼600km off the northwest Australian coast. Steep population declines in both species were documented over 15 years and neither has been sighted on dedicated surveys of Ashmore and Hibernia since 2001. We examine specimens of these species that were collected fromcoastal northwest Australian habitats up until 2010 (A.foliosquama) and 2012 (A. apraefrontalis) and were either overlooked or treated as vagrants in conservation assessments.Morphological variation and mitochondrial sequence data confirm the assignment of these coastal specimens to A. foliosquama (Barrow Island, and offshore from Port Hedland) and A.apraefrontalis (Exmouth Gulf, and offshore from Roebourne and Broome). Collection dates, and molecular and morphological variation between coastal and offshore specimens, suggest that the coastal specimens are not vagrants as previously suspected, but instead represent separate breeding populations. The newly recognised populations present another chance for leaf-scaled and short-nosed sea snakes, but coastal habitats in northwest Australia are widely threatened by infrastructure developments and sea snakes are presently omitted from environmental impact assessments for industry. Further studies are urgently needed to assess these species' remaining distributions, population structure, and extent of occurrence in protected areas. © 2015 Sanders et al.


Hansen F.T.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Jensen K.,University of Aalborg
International Journal of Arts and Technology | Year: 2014

This article presents SoundShaping, a system to create ceramics from the human voice and thus how digital technology makes new possibilities in ceramic craft. The article is about how experiential knowledge that the craftsmen gains in a direct physical and tactile interaction with a responding material can be transformed and utilised in the use of digital technologies. SoundShaping is based on a generic audio feature extraction system and the principal component analysis to ensure that the pertinent information in the voice is used. Moreover, 3D shape is created using simple geometric rules. The shape is output to a 3D printer to make ceramic results. The system demonstrates the close connection between digital technology and craft practice. Several experiments and reflections demonstrate the validity of this work. Copyright © 2014 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.


Brandt E.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2012

This paper report on a project in a maximum-security prison in Denmark, where a group of officers and inmates engaged in a participatory design project aimed at improving the quality of everyday life. A series of participatory design workshops had two overall objectives: 1) to increase levels of trust and confidence in the prison, and 2) to learn how to engage inmates better in their everyday life inside prison, e.g. through engaging them in collective matters. The process of co-inquiry and co-creation provided a new social infrastructure, which allowed inmates and prison officers to access new roles and social positions. © 2012 ACM.


Storni C.,University of Limerick | Linde P.,Malmö University | Binder T.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Stuedahl D.,University of Oslo
ACM International Conference Proceeding Series | Year: 2012

This workshop aims to explore, map and discuss the contribution of Actor Network Theory to Participatory design 's theory and practice. The links between the two are multiple and offers multiple occasions to appreciate the relevance of ANT in PD. The workshop seeks contributions especially in three areas: ANT as a descriptive tool for PD, ANT as conceptual framework for PD theory and practice, and ANT and PD education. © 2012 ACM.


Hansen F.T.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Jensen K.,University of Aalborg
Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social-Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering | Year: 2012

Digital technology makes new possibilities in ceramic craft. This project is about how experiential knowledge that the craftsmen gains in a direct physical and tactile interaction with a responding material can be transformed and utilized in the use of digital technologies. The project presents SoundShaping, a system to create ceramics from the human voice. Based on a generic audio feature extraction system, and the principal component analysis to ensure that the pertinent information in the voice is used, a 3D shape is created using simple geometric rules. This shape is output to a 3D printer to make ceramic results. The system demonstrates the close connection between digital technology and craft practice. © 2012 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


PubMed | University of Adelaide, The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design and Charles Darwin University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: PloS one | Year: 2015

The critically endangered leaf-scaled (Aipysurus foliosquamaI) and short-nosed (A. apraefrontalis) sea snakes are currently recognised only from Ashmore and Hibernia reefs ~600km off the northwest Australian coast. Steep population declines in both species were documented over 15 years and neither has been sighted on dedicated surveys of Ashmore and Hibernia since 2001. We examine specimens of these species that were collected from coastal northwest Australian habitats up until 2010 (A.foliosquama) and 2012 (A. apraefrontalis) and were either overlooked or treated as vagrants in conservation assessments. Morphological variation and mitochondrial sequence data confirm the assignment of these coastal specimens to A. foliosquama (Barrow Island, and offshore from Port Hedland) and A.apraefrontalis (Exmouth Gulf, and offshore from Roebourne and Broome). Collection dates, and molecular and morphological variation between coastal and offshore specimens, suggest that the coastal specimens are not vagrants as previously suspected, but instead represent separate breeding populations. The newly recognised populations present another chance for leaf-scaled and short-nosed sea snakes, but coastal habitats in northwest Australia are widely threatened by infrastructure developments and sea snakes are presently omitted from environmental impact assessments for industry. Further studies are urgently needed to assess these species remaining distributions, population structure, and extent of occurrence in protected areas.


Katzeff C.,Interactive Institute Swedish ICT | Broms L.,KTH Royal Institute of Technology | Jonsson L.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Westholm U.,Interactive Institute Swedish ICT | Rasanen M.,Södertörn University College
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction | Year: 2013

People's domestic habits are increasingly being targeted to reduce levels of CO2 emissions. Whereas domestic energy consumption has received a lot of attention with several reported studies on sustainable practices, there are very few studies on workplace practices. Nevertheless, these are considered as having much potential for reducing energy consumption. This article presents the findings from two field studies where two different types of prototypes for visualizing energy use were designed, implemented and evaluated in different types of workplace settings - factories and offices. The studies used design probes to explore how visual feedback for electricity use was interpreted and acted upon by employees in work settings. A striking observation was that it is very difficult to get people to change to more pro-environmental behavior and practices in a workplace environment. The article discusses why this might be the case. © 2013 ACM 1073-0516/2013/11-ART31 $15.00.


Hay T.J.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Lee D.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Larsen O.P.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design
ICDC 2012 - 2nd International Conference on Design Creativity, Proceedings | Year: 2012

The purpose of this paper is to examine how material choices are made in practice by structural engineers and by implication how material behaviour is understood. The research uses documents from recently completed design projects. By extracting specific design ideas and decisions from project documentation and categorizing them based on the type of material knowledge, (either theoretical or technological), and the process by which the decision was made, (either intuitively or using a specific design tool to verify), the authors wish to illustrate the role of material in the creative design process undertaken by structural engineers. The results reveal a complex interconnection between material represented as matter (as defined in the theories of structures and strength of materials), and the particular nature of individual materials as understood through technological knowledge.


Galle P.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Kroes P.,Technical University of Delft
Design Studies | Year: 2014

Recently, Robert Farrell and Cliff Hooker opposed the conventional view that 'design and science are distinct types of intellectual study and production', claiming that science and design 'are not different in kind', and explicitly challenging proponents of the conventional view to 'provide explicit arguments' in its defence. This calls for an in-depth conceptual clarification of the science-design relationship. The aims of the present paper are to take up the gauntlet thrown by Farrell and Hooker, and in so doing, to provide such a clarification. We first analyse Farrell & Hooker's arguments, explaining why we find them unconvincing. We then propose a plausible conception of design versus science, and offer several arguments for considering design and science distinct, albeit related, concepts. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Galle P.,The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design | Kroes P.,Technical University of Delft
Design Studies | Year: 2015

Design and science are distinct types of intellectual study and production. The overall subject matter that has been under debate is non-trivial and many-facetted: how to characterize and understand design, as compared to science. Because of the many facetted nature of the topic under discussion it is easy to get lost in details and to get confused about the precise claims that are being put forward. Apart from issues about validity of arguments, there are issues about the nature of the premises on which to base conclusions, when the bone of contention is the characterization of science and design as similar or distinct. Both sides in the debate may appeal to different kinds of evidence or may interpret the same kind of evidence in very different ways.

Loading The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design collaborators
Loading The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Design collaborators