Buckley R.M.,The Rockefeller Foundation
Environment and Urbanization | Year: 2011
This paper questions the accuracy and validity of the criticisms made by Ananya Roy regarding the approach to community development of a Mumbai-based NGO, SPARC, and its partner grassroots federations in Mumbai. This includes the suggestion that the focus on sanitation rather than on land tenure is an appeal to middle-class values about cleanliness and that their support for relocating those who lived right next to the railway tracks made them agents of the state. When viewed through a demand-responsive economic perspective, SPARC's support for community toilets was in response to what grassroots organizations asked for, and these also have high returns. Similarly, SPARC's support for resettlement for those living alongside the railway tracks was for those who were going to be moved, and this support allowed them to have far more influence on where, when and how the resettlement took place. Here too, the high returns from faster, safer trains meant cost savings that were higher than the costs of providing good quality accommodation for those who had to move. © 2011 International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).
Cairns J.E.,International Rice Research Institute |
Impa S.M.,International Rice Research Institute |
O'Toole J.C.,The Rockefeller Foundation |
Jagadish S.V.K.,International Rice Research Institute |
Price A.H.,University of Aberdeen
Field Crops Research | Year: 2011
Plant performance under drought stress is not solely defined by an inadequate water supply but by an interaction among many factors, including climatic, edaphic, and biological factors. An important interacting factor affecting root growth, and therefore the ability of a plant to access and take up water, is the soil physical environment. Soil penetration resistance can restrict, or even halt, root system growth. For rice, a soil penetration resistance of 1.4. MPa is sufficient to inhibit root system expansion. This review describes the effects of the soil physical environment on root growth and its interaction with drought stress. A large variation in soil penetration resistance exists among rainfed rice-growing areas of South and Southeast Asia and within experimental stations used for managed-drought field phenotyping. This variability may influence genotypic performance across experimental sites/countries and the response of crop genotypes to drought stress. A case study is presented in which differences in the soil physical environment may partially elucidate differences in experimental results between two field studies conducted at different locations. These results highlight the need for increased knowledge of environmental interactions to allow the outputs of genomics to increase drought tolerance at the field level. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.
Chalkidou K.,National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence |
Vega J.,The Rockefeller Foundation
Globalization and Health | Year: 2013
As the UK reiterates its commitment to protecting and growing its development aid budget amidst an adverse economic environment for the UK and Europe, we discuss the potential to use the country's National Health Service (NHS) model as a vehicle for promoting the country's economic as well as global health diplomacy and development priorities, through a coordinated cross-government plan of action. With the country's Prime Minister serving as a co-chair of the UN post-2015 development agenda panel,a this is a unique opportunity for the UK to put forward its health system architecture as a highly applicable and well-tested model for providing access to efficient and cost-effective care, with minimal financial hardship. Arguably, such a model tailored to the needs of specific countries could consequently lead to commercial opportunities for UK plc. in areas such as consulting, training, education and healthcare products. Finally, this approach would be consistent with the current thinking on the evolving role of UK aid, especially in the case of emerging powers such as India, where the focus has shifted from aid to investment in technical assistance and cooperation as a means of boosting bilateral business and trade. © 2013 Chalkidou and Vega; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
The Rockefeller Foundation | Date: 2006-07-25
Publications, namely, books, pamphlets and brochures regarding charitable activities in the areas of global inclusion, creativity and culture, food security, health equity and working communities. Charitable services, namely, providing funding to organizations working to promote health equity and food security in the developing world, well-functioning poor urban neighborhoods in the US, and creativity and culture.
The Rockefeller Foundation | Date: 2006-07-25
Publications, namely, books, pamphlets and brochures regarding charitable activities in the areas of global inclusion, creativity and culture, food security, health equity and working communities.