Pomona, NJ, United States

The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey

Pomona, NJ, United States

The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, informally known as Stockton College, located in the Pomona section of Galloway Township in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States, is an undergraduate and graduate college of the arts, science and professional studies of the New Jersey state system of higher education. The College was named for Richard Stockton, one of the New Jersey signers of the Declaration of Independence. Founded in 1969, the College accepted its charter class in 1971. At its opening in 1971, classes were held at the Mayflower Hotel in Atlantic City; the campus in Galloway Township began operating late in 1971. Some 8,570 students are enrolled at the College, which provides distinctive traditional and alternative approaches to education.In September 2014, upon the recommendation of President Herman Saatkamp, the Board of Trustees authorized the president to petition the New Jersey Office of the Secretary of Higher Education to officially classify Stockton as a comprehensive university. Stockton has met the requirements for such a designation for the past five years. There are a number of steps in the process to achieve university status within the state system of higher education. The college has been accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools since 1975 and accreditation was reaffirmed in 2012. Wikipedia.

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Mathys B.A.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey | Lockwood J.L.,The College of New Jersey
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences | Year: 2011

Species that have been introduced to islands experience novel and strong selection pressures after establishment. There is evidence that exotic species diverge from their native source populations; further, a few studies have demonstrated adaptive divergence across multiple exotic populations of a single species. Exotic birds provide a good study system, as they have been introduced to many locations worldwide, and we often know details concerning the propagule origin, time of introduction, and dynamics of establishment and dispersal within the introduced range. These data make them especially conducive to the examination of contemporary evolution. Island faunas have received intense scrutiny, therefore we have expectations concerning the patterns of diversification for exotic species. We examine six passerine bird species that were introduced to the Hawaiian archipelago less than 150 years ago. We find that five of these show morphological divergence among islands from the time since they were established. We demonstrate that some of this divergence cannot be accounted for by genetic drift, and therefore we must consider adaptive evolution to explain it. We also evaluate evolutionary divergence rates and find that these species are diverging at similar rates to those found in published studies of contemporary evolution in native species. © 2011 The Royal Society.

Lester D.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Omega (United States) | Year: 2012

This study compared the written memorials on websites posted by survivors of suicide with those written by people who had lost a significant other from natural causes, using a computer program, the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count. Thirteen significant differences were identified and, in addition, 13 differences that approach significance. Memorials written by survivors of suicide had longer sentences and used longer words. They had more death-related words, fewer references to the self or to the deceased ("you"), and more words reflective of anger and sadness. The results suggest the deaths from suicide had a more profound impact on the survivors than the natural deaths and results in greater emotional distress. © 2012, Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.

Werdelin L.,Swedish Museum of Natural History | Lewis M.E.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

We analyze functional richness and functional evenness of the carnivoran guild in eastern Africa from 3.5 Ma to 1.5 Ma, and compare them to the present day. The data consist of characters of the craniodental apparatus of 76 species of fossil and extant carnivorans, divided into four 0.5 Ma time slices from 3.5 to 1.5 Ma, together with the modern fauna. Focus is on large (>21.5 kg) carnivores. Results show that the large carnivore guild has lost nearly 99% of its functional richness since 3.5 Ma, in a process starting prior to 2 Ma. Measurement of functional evenness shows the modern large carnivore guild to be unique in being randomly distributed in morphospace while in all past time slices there is significant clustering of species. The results are analyzed in the light of known changes to climate and environment in eastern Africa. We conclude that climate change is unlikely to explain all of the changes found and suggest that the evolution of early hominins into carnivore niche space, especially the evolution of derived dietary strategies after 2 Ma, played a significant part in the reduction of carnivore functional richness. © 2013 Werdelin, Lewis.

Lester D.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2013

Background: Recent research in Japan and Taiwan has found that the volume of Internet searches each month on Google for suicide-related terms is sometimes associated with the monthly suicide rate. The present study sought to examine whether this association between suicide rates and Google searches for suicide are found over regions. Methods: Suicide rates in the state of America in 2009 were examined for their association with search volume on Google for commit suicide, how to suicide and suicide prevention. Results: Suicide rates for the 50 American states were positively associated with the search volume for all three terms. Conclusions: Internet searches for suicide may provide a faster way of monitoring possible trends in suicide than waiting for central governments to compile suicide statistics. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Lester D.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Journal of Affective Disorders | Year: 2013

A search was made for all studies which administered the Beck Hopelessness Scale to undergraduate students. Sixty-one studies were found for the United States and 28 for other countries. The mean scores of American students on the Hopelessness Scale were significantly lower than those of students in other nations, and there was a small but significant trend for the hopeless scores of American students to have increased from 1978 to 2010. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Aaronson N.L.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey | Hartmann W.M.,Michigan State University
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America | Year: 2014

The Woodworth model and formula for interaural time difference is frequently used as a standard in physiological and psychoacoustical studies of binaural hearing for humans and other animals. It is a frequency-independent, ray-tracing model of a rigid spherical head that is expected to agree with the high-frequency limit of an exact diffraction model. The predictions by the Woodworth model for antipodal ears and for incident plane waves are here compared with the predictions of the exact model as a function of frequency to quantify the discrepancy when the frequency is not high. In a second calculation, the Woodworth model is extended to arbitrary ear angles, both for plane-wave incidence and for finite point-source distance. The extended Woodworth model leads to different formulas in six different regions defined by ear angle and source distance. It is noted that the characteristic cusp in Woodworth's well-known function comes from ignoring the longer of the two paths around the head in circumstances when the longer path is actually important. This error can be readily corrected. © 2014 Acoustical Society of America.

Lague M.R.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Journal of Human Evolution | Year: 2014

Previous research suggests that some hominin postcranial features do not follow a linear path of increasing modernization through geological time. With respect to the distal humerus, in particular, the earliest known hominin specimens are reportedly among the most modern in morphology, while some later humeri appear further removed from the average modern human shape. Although Plio-Pleistocene humeri vary widely in size, previous studies have failed to account for size-related shape variation when making morphometric comparisons. This study reexamines hominin postcranial evolution in light of distal humeral allometry. Using two-dimensional landmark data, the relationship between specimen size and shape among modern humans is quantified using multivariate regression and principal components analysis of size-shape space. Fossils are compared with modern human shapes expected at a given size, as well as with the overall average human shape. The null hypothesis of humeral isometry in modern humans is rejected. Subsequently, if one takes allometry into account, the apparent pattern of hominin humeral evolution does not resemble the pattern described above. All 14 of the Plio-Pleistocene hominin fossils examined here share a similar pattern of shape differences from equivalently-sized modern humans, though they vary in the extent to which these differences are expressed. The oldest specimen in the sample (KNM-KP 271; Australopithecus anamensis) exhibits the least human-like elbow morphology. Similarly primitive morphology characterizes all younger species of Australopithecus as well as Paranthropus robustus. After 2Ma, a subtly more human-like elbow morphology is apparent among specimens attributed to early Homo, as well as among isolated specimens that may represent either Homo or Paranthropus boisei. This study emphasizes the need to consider size-related shape variation when individual fossil specimens are compared with the average shape of a comparative group, particularly when specimens fall near an extreme of the comparative size distribution. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Sinanan A.N.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse | Year: 2011

This study identified selected child factors (e.g., age, gender, race/ethnicity, disabilities, prior victimization, and relationship to perpetrator of abuse), family risk factors (e.g., substance abuse, domestic violence, inadequate housing, and financial problems), and services provided by child protective services that likely increased reports of child sexual abuse recurrence by type of reporter. Survival analysis was conducted using the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System data set of 2002-2004. Child disability, being a prior victim, having a perpetrator as a caregiver, family financial problems, and receiving family supportive services increased the likelihood for reports of child sexual abuse by mandated reporters. Being Hispanic, having a disability, having a perpetrator as a caregiver, financial problems, and receiving family preservation services statistically decreased the likelihood for reports of child sexual abuse recurrence. © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Shobe E.R.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience | Year: 2014

Presented is a model suggesting that the right hemisphere (RH) directly mediates the identification and comprehension of positive and negative emotional stimuli, whereas the left hemisphere (LH) contributes to higher level processing of emotional information that has been shared via the corpus callosum. RH subcortical connections provide initial processing of emotional stimuli, and their innervation to cortical structures provides a secondary pathway by which the hemispheres process emotional information more fully. It is suggested that the LH contribution to emotion processing is in emotional regulation, social well-being, and adaptation, and transforming the RH emotional experience into propositional and verbal codes. Lastly, it is proposed that the LH has little ability at the level of emotion identification, having a default positive bias and no ability to identify a stimulus as negative. Instead, the LH must rely on the transfer of emotional information from the RH to engage higherorder emotional processing. As such, either hemisphere can identify positive emotions, but they must collaborate for complete processing of negative emotions. Evidence presented draws from behavioral, neurological, and clinical research, including discussions of subcortical and cortical pathways, callosal agenesis, commissurotomy, emotion regulation, mood disorders, interpersonal interaction, language, and handedness. Directions for future research are offered. © 2014 Shobe.

Lester D.,The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey
Psychological Reports | Year: 2015

Previous research has reported that people who feel at their peak in the evening are more prone to depression and affective disorders. In a sample of 194 undergraduate students (54 men, 140 women; M age = 21.6 yr., SD = 1.4), using a simple correlational design, describing oneself as an evening person and scores on Horne and Őstberg's Morningness–Eveningess Scale were correlated with higher scores on measures of depression, hopelessness, defeat, and entrapment, but not with a report of past suicidal ideation or attempts, thereby supporting previous research findings. © Psychological Reports 2015.

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