News Article | April 18, 2017
CrowdReviews Partnered with Madridge Publishers to Announce: International Conference on Materials Science and Research ICMSR-2017 features highly enlightening and interactive sessions to encourage the exchange of ideas across a wide range of disciplines in the field of Materials Science and Research. They invite contributions related to materials science research. You can submit your work in these broad themes. ICMSR-2017 Themes: Materials Science and Engineering Advanced Materials (Biomaterials, Inorganic-Organic Composites, etc.) Materials Chemistry and Physics Discovery and design of new materials Synthesis & Architecture of Materials Computational Materials Science Nano and Biomaterials Nanotechnology in Materials Science Mining, Metallurgy and Materials Science Materials for Energy and Environment Ceramics, Polymers and Composite Materials Materials in Industry To submit your abstracts please see: http://icmsr.madridge.com/abstract-submission.php ICMSR-2017 Organizing Committee: · Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE · R G Faulkner, Loughborough University, UK · Fedor Kusmartsev, Loughborough University , UK · Khalil Abdelrazek Khalil Abdelmawgoud, University of Sharjah,UAE · Han Qingyou, Purdue University, USA · Mohy Saad Mansour, Cairo University, Egypt · Sofian Kanan, American University of Sharjah, UAE · Zeinab Saleh Safar, Cairo University, Egypt · Essam E Khalil, Cairo University, Egypt · Ammar Nayfeh, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, UAE · Fawzi Banat, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE · Genqiang Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China, China · Karam Ramzy Beshay, Cairo University, Egypt · Mohamed Rashad El Hebeary, Cairo University, Egypt · Ahmed Hisham Morshed, Taibah University, KSA · Abdulla Ismail, Rochester Institute of Technology, Dubai, UAE · Jang hi Im, University of Texas, USA · Fatma Ashour, Cairo University, Egypt ICMSR-2017 is organizing an outstanding Scientific Exhibition/Program and anticipates the world’s leading specialists involved in Materials Science Research. They welcome Sponsorship and Exhibitions from the Companies and Organizations who wish to showcase their products at this exciting event. Contact person: Nirosha A email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Naples, FL, April 18, 2017 --( PR.com )-- The International Conference on Materials Science and Research is going to be held during November 16-18, 2017 in Dubai, UAE.ICMSR-2017 features highly enlightening and interactive sessions to encourage the exchange of ideas across a wide range of disciplines in the field of Materials Science and Research.They invite contributions related to materials science research. You can submit your work in these broad themes.ICMSR-2017 Themes:Materials Science and EngineeringAdvanced Materials (Biomaterials, Inorganic-Organic Composites, etc.)Materials Chemistry and PhysicsDiscovery and design of new materialsSynthesis & Architecture of MaterialsComputational Materials ScienceNano and BiomaterialsNanotechnology in Materials ScienceMining, Metallurgy and Materials ScienceMaterials for Energy and EnvironmentCeramics, Polymers and Composite MaterialsMaterials in IndustryTo submit your abstracts please see:ICMSR-2017 Organizing Committee:· Chandrasekar Srinivasakannan, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE· R G Faulkner, Loughborough University, UK· Fedor Kusmartsev, Loughborough University , UK· Khalil Abdelrazek Khalil Abdelmawgoud, University of Sharjah,UAE· Han Qingyou, Purdue University, USA· Mohy Saad Mansour, Cairo University, Egypt· Sofian Kanan, American University of Sharjah, UAE· Zeinab Saleh Safar, Cairo University, Egypt· Essam E Khalil, Cairo University, Egypt· Ammar Nayfeh, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, UAE· Fawzi Banat, The Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE· Genqiang Zhang, University of Science and Technology of China, China· Karam Ramzy Beshay, Cairo University, Egypt· Mohamed Rashad El Hebeary, Cairo University, Egypt· Ahmed Hisham Morshed, Taibah University, KSA· Abdulla Ismail, Rochester Institute of Technology, Dubai, UAE· Jang hi Im, University of Texas, USA· Fatma Ashour, Cairo University, EgyptICMSR-2017 is organizing an outstanding Scientific Exhibition/Program and anticipates the world’s leading specialists involved in Materials Science Research. They welcome Sponsorship and Exhibitions from the Companies and Organizations who wish to showcase their products at this exciting event.Contact person:Nirosha A
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ENERGY.2011.5.1-1 | Award Amount: 5.77M | Year: 2011
The current requirements of the Post Combustion CO2 Capture (PCC) technology are: a) Reducing the parasitic energy load, b) Effectively addressing corrosion, c) Faster absorption/stripping rates, d) Less viscosity and less use of water, e) Confronting the problem of solvent degradation and volatility. These problems pose stimulating challenges for the synthesis of new solvents, aided by detailed molecular modeling of sorbate/sorbent interactions, and for new integrative module designs that enable their effective implementation in a process environment. In this context the IOLICAP proposal gathers expertise and skills form the domains of chemical synthesis of Ionic Liquids (ILs), molecular simulation/mechanical statistics, phase equilibrium, electrochemistry/corrosion, physicochemical/thermophysical characterisation, nanoporous materials & membrane technology and process engineering, aiming at the development and evaluation of novel Task Specific Ionic Liquid (TSILs) solvents that (a) short-term could replace the alkanolamines in currently existing PCC installations and (b) long-term would lead to the establishment of a novel CO2 capture process, based on hybrid absorption bed/membrane technology that will incorporate TSIL modified porous materials and membranes. Task Specific Ionic Liquids exhibit enhanced CO2 capture capacity, which is above the 0.5 mol/mol limit of the currently applied amine solvents. Due to the high number of possible IL structures that will be synthesised during the project and the easy tuneability of their chemical and physical properties it is expected that loading capacities above the threshold of 1 mol/mol will be achieved. In addition, ILs are less corrosive than amines and are dissociated so there is no need for using large quantities of water. ILs are also less volatile and less sensitive to flue gas impurities a fact that ensures less need for timely injection of fresh solvent. The aforementioned properties which will be studied and verified during the project, will have a high impact on the energy intensity of the capture process since they can lead to a significant reduction of the Scrubber/Stripper units size and consequently of the parasitic energy load. Ionic Liquid membranes are lately examined as candidates for CO2/N2 separation exhibiting performances that are above the boundary limit of a Roberson plot for this separation. IOLICAP project targets at the optimisation of the stability, selectivity (200), flux properties (1000-2000 Barrers) and production cost of Task Specific Ionic Liquid membranes and at the further enhancement of the process efficiency, through a combination of membrane technology with bed adsorption. Membrane technology is the less energy intensive candidate for CO2/N2 separation since there is no need for regeneration and constitutes a much more versatile and economically feasible technology especially for applications in energy intensive industry like the cement, steel and refineries.
Mittal V.,The Petroleum Institute
Macromolecular Materials and Engineering | Year: 2014
Polymer/graphene based nanomaterials have attracted significant scientific interest in the recent years due to marked enhancement in the polymer properties at low filler fractions. The property enhancements are attributed commonly to high aspect ratio of graphene platelets, filler-polymer interactions at the interface, as well as uniform dispersion of the platelets in the polymer matrices. Graphene also provides opportunities to tune its surface in order to achieve compatibility with the polymer matrices. Occasionally, chemical binding of the polymer matrix to the graphene surface has also been achieved. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Beig A.R.,The Petroleum Institute
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics | Year: 2012
In high-power applications, the output voltage of a voltage source inverter (VSI) must be synchronized with its fundamental component in order to eliminate subharmonics. With proper selection of switching states, it is possible to obtain synchronization and symmetry in the space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM) algorithm. This paper presents an improved three-level SVPWM algorithm for the overmodulation region, which guarantees synchronization, half-wave symmetry, quarter-wave symmetry, and three-phase symmetry for all integer values of the pulse number. The proposed synchronized SVPWM algorithm is experimentally verified. The performance of the proposed algorithm is compared with other conventional algorithms. The comparative results prove that the consideration of synchronization and various symmetry results in better performance of the VSI. © 2012 IEEE.
Eveloy V.,The Petroleum Institute
Applied Energy | Year: 2012
The development of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems capable of direct internal reforming (DIR) of methane is being actively pursued. However, a major challenge with current state-of-the-art nickel-based anodes is their propensity to form deteriorous carbon deposits in DIR, unless excess steam is introduced in the fuel. Reduced fuel humidification levels are desirable from the viewpoints of cell performance, reliability and plant economics. This study explores the use of partial recycling of the anode exhaust as a mitigation strategy against carbon deposits at fuel steam-to-carbon ratios less than unity. Using a detailed computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model which couples momentum, heat, mass and charge transport with electrochemical and chemical reactions, the spatial extent of carbon deposition within a SOFC anode is analyzed by accounting for both the cracking and Boudouard reactions, for several fuel humidification and recycling conditions. At temperatures of approximately 1173K and for inlet fuel molar H2O/CH4 ratios between 0.5 and 1, 50% (mass%) fuel recycling is found to be an effective strategy against carbon deposition. For lower recycling levels at the same fuel compositions, or lower fuel humidification levels (regardless of the recycling level), fuel recycling reduces the risk of coking, but does not eliminate it. The analyses presented suggest that recycling of the anodic fuel stream could help extend the operational range of DIR-SOFCs to lower fuel humidification levels than typically considered, with reduced risks of carbon deposits, while reducing system cost and complexity in terms of steam production. For dry or weakly humidified fuels, additional mitigation strategies would be required. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
The Petroleum Institute | Date: 2016-02-23
A method for the synthesis of molybdenum disulphide foam wherein the porosity of the foam can be controlled. The porosity of the foam is employed to adapt the foam to various processes and specific requirements. The foam molybdenum disulphide structures have internal cavities are interconnected to create a large processing surface area
The Petroleum Institute | Date: 2015-03-05
A method and system for determination of contaminants, such as black powder, in a flowing fluid, such as natural gas, is disclosed. The method comprises transmitting a plurality of light beams over a spectrum of wavelengths through the flowing fluid and receiving a plurality of measurements relating to transmitted and scattered light beams over the spectrum of wavelengths. The received plurality of measurements are compared with a plurality of stored patterns and a result indicative of the determination of the contaminants is output.
The Petroleum Institute | Date: 2016-03-04
A method and system for determination of contaminants, such as black powder, in a flowing fluid, such as natural gas, is disclosed. The method comprises transmitting a plurality of light beams over a spectrum of wavelengths through the flowing fluid in a main pipeline and receiving a plurality of measurements relating to transmitted and scattered light beams over the spectrum of wavelengths. The measurements relate to at least one of absorption, reflection or refraction. The received plurality of measurements are compared with a plurality of stored patterns and a result indicative of the determination of the contaminants is output.
The Petroleum Institute | Date: 2014-07-15
A device for collecting water from atmospheric moisture comprises water absorbing material, a protection wall and a water container. The protection wall is in a porous form. The water absorbing material is made of the temperature responsive polymer with a phase separation temperature, including Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), Poly(vinylphosphonate) and etc. when its temperature is below phase separation temperature, the temperature responsive polymer is in a swollen hydrated state, forming hydrogen bond with water molecules; so as to absorb water from the air. When its temperature is above said phase separation temperature, the temperature responsive polymer is in a shrunken dehydrated state, forming hydrogen bond with other temperature responsive polymer molecules; so as to expel the water to the water container.
The Petroleum Institute | Date: 2015-05-04
A thermoplastic sulfur-polymer composite comprises a thermoplastic polymer, such as polyethylene and polystyrene; and a sulfur element. Such sulfur element functions as passive sulfur filler in this composite. The thermoplastic polymer is a polymer matrix; and the sulfur filler is dispersed in the polymer matrix. There is no chemical reaction occurs after the addition of the sulfur filler into the host polymer and no chemical bond formed between the polymer and the sulfur filler. The thermoplastic sulfur-polymer composite can be a nanocomposite by either adding certain nanofillers into the composite or making the sulfur filler as sulfur nanoparticles. With its similar physical properties and lower manufacturing costs, the thermoplastic sulfur-polymer composites are good alternatives of the respective pure polymers.