The Oxford Dental College

Bangalore, India

The Oxford Dental College

Bangalore, India
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PubMed | University of Kuala Lumpur and The Oxford Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery | Year: 2015

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of periotomes in single rooted nonsurgical tooth extractions.A double blind, randomized controlled clinical trial of 100 patients requiring nonsurgical single rooted tooth extractions was performed. The subjects were randomized into the experimental group (underwent extractions with periotome and conventional extraction forceps) or into the control group (subjects underwent extractions using periosteal elevator and conventional extraction forceps). Pain was assessed using visual analogue scale all throughout 7days postoperatively. Gingival laceration, duration of surgery, number and frequency of analgesics consumed and complications (if present) were also noted.On inter-group comparison, all the parameters were statistically significant in control group (p<0.05). Also on pre and post-operative inter-group comparison, statistically significant pain reduction was noted in experimental group (52.8%) whereas pain increased in control group (65%).The results of this study suggest that use of periotome may be helpful in reducing post extraction discomfort.


PubMed | The Oxford Dental College, Malabar Dental College and I T S Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Annals of maxillofacial surgery | Year: 2016

Attractive people do not seem to consistently possess such ideal characteristics or share common features. There is no general consensus about the linear and angular characteristics that discriminate between attractive and normal persons.This study determines how young Asian women considered to be attractive differ in their twodimensional facial characteristics from normal women of the same age and race.Frontal and lateral photographs of 70 young Asian females were taken under standardized setting and were given to 15 judges who did not know the subjects in the study, to rate the attractiveness of each photograph. All 70 photographs were arranged in descending order of their total score by all the judges and were classified into three groups. Three angular, 8 linear measurements, and 3 ratios were compared between these groups.This study showed that most attractive group had least convex face, larger forehead, and wider faces. Conversely, the middle facial height was larger in the least attractive group. The ratio of middle third to total face of the most attractive group is higher than the average attractive ones. The ratio of lower third to total face of the most attractive group is lower than the average attractive ones.


PubMed | maiah University Of Applied Science, The Oxford Dental College and Sri Rajiv Gandhi Dental College and Hospital
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology : JOMFP | Year: 2016

Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) comprises a group of diseases characterized by noncaseating granulomatous inflammation affecting the soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is important to establish the diagnosis accurately because this condition is sometimes a manifestation of many systemic conditions like Crohns disease or sarcoidosis. The clinical outcome of OFG patients continues to be unpredictable. Current therapies remain unsatisfactory. This article reports a rare case of isolated OFG with langhans type giant cells and inflammatory infiltrate without any systemic involvement, in which the condition was a manifestation of pregnancy. The diagnostic approach to and the treatment of OFG are reviewed.


PubMed | The Oxford Dental College and Victoria Hospital Campus
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology | Year: 2016

Ultrasonic scaler is a preferential treatment modality among the clinicians. However, the aerosol/splatter generated is a concern for patients and practitioners. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate contamination of contact lenses of the dentist after scaling and root planing using ultrasonic scalers with and without protective eyewear.Thirty patients were randomly selected for scaling and root planing and divided into 2 groups of 15 each. Group A - dentist wearing contact lenses and protective eyewear. Group B - dentist wearing only contact lenses. After scaling and root planing using ultrasonic scalers, the lenses were subjected to culture and 16S rRNA (16S ribosomal RNA) gene sequencing.In Group A - 15 out of thirty samples were contaminated, in Group B - all the thirty samples were contaminated. Most of the samples showed Gram-positive bacteria and 5 samples were contaminated with fungi. 16S rRNA gene sequencing of forty contaminated samples showed that 31 were contaminated with Streptococcus mutans and 9 with Staphylococcus aureus.Keeping in mind the limitation of the study for the absence of negative control, we would like to conclude that dental practitioners should better avoid contact lenses in a dental setup because of the risk of contamination of the contact lenses from the various dental procedures which can produce aerosol/splatter and if worn, it is recommended to wear protective eyewear.


PubMed | The Oxford Dental College and Private Dental Practitioner
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of oral and maxillofacial pathology : JOMFP | Year: 2016

Leukoplakia is classified under the term potentially malignant disorder. This term does not suggest the clinician or the patient about the severity of the disease to undergo a malignant transformation. Thus, there arises a need to identify the risk factors associated with malignant transformation (MT) to predict it at the earliest.To generate evidence regarding the clinicopathologic factors affecting MT in oral leukoplakias.Meta-analysis was done by extracting data from all the previous studies published. Articles were searched in PubMed databases.Mixed model by using the PROC MIXED (SAS 9.3) was performed to estimate the effect of different factors such as gender, type of habit (smoking tobacco, gutka, paan (with tobacco) and no habit association), clinical type and histopathology on MT. The lower specific mean for MT was also calculated with respect to the above-mentioned factors.Speckled leukoplakias also known as erythroleukoplakia confirmed to be at the highest risk. Lateral border of the tongue followed by gingiva, buccal mucosa, floor of the mouth, lesions involving tongue and floor of mouth showed increased risk. Smoking tobacco (cigarette and bidi) and idiopathic leukoplakia (without habit) carried almost equal risk. Gender had minimal influence on MT. Histopathologic correlation of grades showed an insignificant bearing on MT.The carcinogenic transformation of a preexisting lesion (leukoplakia) is multifactorial and patient specific. The protocol to delineate a high-risk lesion should include the clinical type and site.


Pai A.,The Oxford Dental College | Prasad S.,The Oxford Dental College
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2012

Introduction: Tobacco use is a global health care problem. Repetitive exposure to nicotine produces neuroadaptation resulting in nicotine dependence. Smoking is associated with a range of diseases, causing high levels of morbidity and mortality and is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths, with more than 4.6 million smokers worldwide dying each year from smoking related illnesses. Stopping smoking has major health benefits. Quitting at any age provides both short and long term benefits. Materials and methods: 45 patients attending the outpatient department at the Oxford Dental College, Bangalore, were randomly allocated to three groups of interventions namely placebo, counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). Initially each one was assessed for carbon monoxide levels using a breath analyser (pico smokerlyser bedfont UK). They were followed up for six months and the carbon monoxide levels were again assessed using the same instrument. The paired t test was used to compare the results before and after the intervention. Results: The scores before the initiation of intervention and after treatment were compared and all three interventions were found to be statistically significant after six months. It was noticed that patients with very low or low dependence followed by high dependence had good response in the placebo group (68% and 47.6% respectively), in the counseling group maximum response was seen in the medium followed by the very low group (61% and 59% respectively), and maximum response was seen in very high followed by the very low group with NRT (78.7% and 60.5% respectively). Conclusion: The inference that can be drawn from the present study is that non-invasive, non pharmacological methods like placebo and counseling are effective in low to medium groups, and NRT is effective with higher nicotine dependence.


Das S.,The Oxford Dental College | Shenoy S.,The Oxford Dental College
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention | Year: 2015

Background: Tobacco use in various forms, including with Areca nut, causes several potentially malignant disorders. Many lesions may transform into oral squamous cell carcinoma. Although patients may be aware of the hazards of tobacco habits, the lesions by themselves are insidious in nature resulting in failure of patients to present to general dentists/specialists at early stages. Our aim was to study the types of habits prevalent in the region of Rourkela in Orissa and to assess the insidious nature of the lesions associated with these habits. Not many studies have been done from this part of India. Materials and Methods: A camp was conducted for habitual users of tobacco and its products, Areca nut and other mixed habit users. A thorough history was taken of the type, duration and frequency of habits, symptoms of patients along with clinical examination by a single examiner. The data was entered in detail into an excel sheet and analysed. Results: 54.7% had lesions and 60.9 % of them were asymptomatic and rest had mild burning sensation while eating. There was a very low awareness of the presence of lesions among the patients. Conclusions: There is a need to spread the awareness of the ill effects of the tobacco and other associated habits far and wide and more importantly educate the general public on the appearance of associated lesions as these are almost always insidious in nature. The patients can self-examine, detect lesions early when present and approach the dentist at the earliest opportunity.


PubMed | The Oxford Dental College
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP | Year: 2015

Tobacco use in various forms, including with Areca nut, causes several potentially malignant disorders. Many lesions may transform into oral squamous cell carcinoma. Although patients may be aware of the hazards of tobacco habits, the lesions by themselves are insidious in nature resulting in failure of patients to present to general dentists/specialists at early stages. Our aim was to study the types of habits prevalent in the region of Rourkela in Orissa and to assess the insidious nature of the lesions associated with these habits. Not many studies have been done from this part of India.A camp was conducted for habitual users of tobacco and its products, Areca nut and other mixed habit users. A thorough history was taken of the type, duration and frequency of habits, symptoms of patients along with clinical examination by a single examiner. The data was entered in detail into an excel sheet and analysed.54.7% had lesions and 60.9 % of them were asymptomatic and rest had mild burning sensation while eating. There was a very low awareness of the presence of lesions among the patients.There is a need to spread the awareness of the ill effects of the tobacco and other associated habits far and wide and more importantly educate the general public on the appearance of associated lesions as these are almost always insidious in nature. The patients can self-examine, detect lesions early when present and approach the dentist at the earliest opportunity.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dentin on the antimicrobial efficacy of 3% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine, 17% EDTA and 18% etidronic acid against C. albicans.Dentin powder was prepared from mandibular first premolar using electrical grinder and sterilized. 3% NaOCl, 2%CHX, 17% EDTA and 18% etidronic acid were tested against C. albicans in the presence and absence of dentin, in eppendorf tubes. Group 1 (presence of dentin):- 100ul dentin powder + 100ul C. albicans suspension + 100ul irrigating solution. Group 2 (absence of dentin):- 100ul C. albicans suspension+ 100ul irrigating solution.- 100ul C. albicans suspension.+ 100ul sterile saline Suspension was thoroughly mixed, submitted for serial dilution upto10-5 after 1 min and colony forming units were counted.In group 2 (without dentin powder), 3% NaOCl and 2% CHX showed the lowest bacterial count compared to group 1 (with dentin powder). Dentin had a significant inhibitory effect on 3% NaOCl (P < 0.001) and 2% CHX (P<0.001). 17% EDTA showed lowest bacterial count in group 1 (with dentin powder) compared to group 2 (without dentin powder). 18% Etidronic acid showed similar bacterial counts in the both the groups. No reduction was observed in the control group.NaOCl & EDTA showed measurable antimicrobial effect even in the presence of dentin which can be promising in the reduction of C. albicans in root canal therapy.


PubMed | The Oxford Dental College
Type: Review | Journal: Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR | Year: 2016

Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a condition in which aphthous ulcers repeatedly occur in the oral cavity. It is prevalent in developed countries, occurring in all ages, geographic regions and races and about 80% of people have one episode of oral aphthous ulcers before the age of 30 years. With no laboratory procedures to confirm the diagnosis, treatment is mainly empirical in nature and focuses on short-term symptomatic management. Although numerous treatment modalities have been recommended, only a few are evidence based and can be considered for the optimal management of RAS. Biologic agents are a new category of drugs which acts by blocking specific pathways associated with the pathophysiology of neoplastic or immune-mediated diseases. These agents have targeted immunosuppressive or anti-inflammatory actions. In patients of RAS who were not responding to standard therapy, etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab and Interferon-Alpha (INF-) were found to be useful. The objective of this review was to propose and review a treatment protocol to be followed for the optimal management of RAS. We reviewed several evidence-based studies and through this review we recommend topical interventions as the first-line of therapy since they are associated with low risk of systemic side effects. Due to limitations in the number of evidence-based trials and the insufficient data to support or refute the efficacy of the therapies prescribed, larger evidence-based clinical studies and literature reviews are needed to further improvise the optimal methodology for the effective management of RAS.

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