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Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Heslop K.,Northumbria University | Newton J.,Biomedical Research Center in Ageing and Chronic Disease | Baker C.,The Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust | Burns G.,Northumbria University | And 2 more authors.
BMC Pulmonary Medicine | Year: 2013

Background: Anxiety and depression are common co-morbidities in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Serious implications can result from psychological difficulties in COPD including reduced survival, lower quality of life, and reduced physical and social functioning, increased use of health care resources and are associated with unhealthy behaviours such as smoking. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a psychological intervention which is recommended for the treatment of many mental health problems including anxiety and depression. Unfortunately access to trained CBT therapists is limited. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that CBT delivered by respiratory nurses is effective in the COPD population. In this paper the design of the Newcastle Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Study (Newcastle COPD CBT Care Study) is described.Methods/Design: This is a prospective open randomised controlled trial comparing CBT with self-help leaflets. The primary outcome measure is the Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale (HADS) - anxiety subscale. Secondary outcome measures include disease specific quality of life COPD Assessment Tool (CAT), generic quality of life (EQ5D) and HADS-depression subscale. Patients will be followed up at three, six and 12 months following randomisation.Discussion: This is the first randomised controlled trial to evaluate the use of cognitive behavioural therapy undertaken by respiratory nurses. Recruitment has commenced and should be complete by February 2014. Trial registration: Current Controlled Trials, ISRCTN55206395. © 2013 Heslop et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Abley C.,The Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987) | Year: 2012

Patient-centred care is a term widely used in health policy and is familiar to staff as a principle or commonly agreed approach to care. However, nursing and multidisciplinary teams often do not agree how it should be provided for older patients. This article outlines three different models of patient-centred care applicable to the care of older people. The article also explores the concept of vulnerability in old age, highlighting differences between the perspectives of older people and those of professionals and how clinical practice can be improved to achieve a more patient-centred approach. The links between patient-centred care and vulnerability in old age are considered along with the implications of this for clinical practice.

Hawthorne G.,The Newcastle upon Tyne Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust | Hrisos S.,Northumbria University | Stamp E.,Northumbria University | Elovainio M.,Finnish National Institute for Health and Welfare | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

Background: Although most people with Type 2 diabetes receive their diabetes care in primary care, only a limited amount is known about the quality of diabetes care in this setting. We investigated the provision and receipt of diabetes care delivered in UK primary care. Methods: Postal surveys with all healthcare professionals and a random sample of 100 patients with Type 2 diabetes from 99 UK primary care practices. Results: 326/361 (90.3%) doctors, 163/186 (87.6%) nurses and 3591 patients (41.8%) returned a questionnaire. Clinicians reported giving advice about lifestyle behaviours (e.g. 88% would routinely advise about calorie restriction; 99.6% about increasing exercise) more often than patients reported having received it (43% and 42%) and correlations between clinician and patient report were low. Patients' reported levels of confidence about managing their diabetes were moderately high; a median (range) of 21% (3% to 39%) of patients reporting being not confident about various areas of diabetes self-management. Conclusions: Primary care practices have organisational structures in place and are, as judged by routine quality indicators, delivering high quality care. There remain evidence-practice gaps in the care provided and in the self confidence that patients have for key aspects of self management and further research is needed to address these issues. Future research should use robust designs and appropriately designed studies to investigate how best to improve this situation. © 2012 Hawthorne et al.

Thompson D.A.,University College London | Feather S.,University of Leeds | Stanescu H.C.,University College London | Freudenthal B.,University College London | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Physiology | Year: 2011

Light stimulates ion flow through the retina. This generates a potential change at the cornea which is recorded as an electroretinogram (ERG). Our understanding of the role of potassium ions in generating the ERG is based on animal models. The KCJN10 gene constitutes Kir4.1, the principle potassium channel expressed on the retinal Muller cell. We have been able to study the impact of this potassium channel on the human retina for the first time by recording the ERGs of patients with EAST syndrome who have known mutations of KCJN10. Our data show a reduction in the amplitude of the photopic negative response of the light-adapted ERG and a decrease in the sensitivity of the dark-adapted ERG. These data increase our understanding of how the ERG is generated and why these ERG parameters may be affected in disease. Abstract The K+ channel expressed by the KCNJ10 gene (Kir4.1) has previously demonstrated importance in retinal function in animal experiments. Recently, mutations in KCNJ10 were recognised as pathogenic in man, causing a constellation of symptoms, including epilepsy, ataxia, sensorineural deafness and a renal tubulopathy designated as EAST syndrome. We have studied the impact of KCNJ10 mutations on the human electroretinogram (ERG) in four unrelated patients with EAST syndrome. Corneal ganzfeld ERGs were elicited in response to flash stimuli of strengths of 0.001-10 phot cd s/m2 presented scotopically, and 0.3-10 phot cd s/m2 presented photopically. ERG waveforms from light-adapted retinae of all patients showed reduced amplitudes of the photopic negative response (PhNR) (P < 0.001). The photopic ERGs showed a delay in b-wave time to peak, but the photopic hill, i.e. the relative variation of time to peak and amplitude with luminance flash strength, was preserved. Scotopic ERGs to flash strengths 0.01 to 0.1 phot cd s/m2 showed a delay of up to 20 ms before the onset of the b-wave in two patients compared to controls. Stimulus-response functions were fitted by Michaelis-Menten equations and showed significantly lower retinal sensitivity in two patients than in controls (P < 0.001). Our study for the first time in the human ERG shows changes in association with KCNJ10 mutations affecting a Muller cell K+ channel. These data illustrate the role of KCNJ10 function in the physiology of proximal and possibly also the distal human retina. © 2011 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2011 The Physiological Society.

Ding Z.-Y.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Jin G.-N.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Wang W.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | Chen W.-X.,Huazhong University of Science and Technology | And 11 more authors.
Hepatology | Year: 2014

Transcriptional intermediary factor 1 gamma (TIF1γ) may play either a potential tumor-suppressor or -promoter role in cancer. Here we report on a critical role of TIF1γ in the progression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Reduced expression of TIF1γ was detected in HCC, especially in advanced HCC tissues, compared to adjacent noncancerous tissues. HCC patients with low TIF1γ expression had shorter overall survival times and higher recurrence rates than those with high TIF1γ expression. Reduced TIF1γ expression was an independent and significant risk factor for recurrence and survival after curative resection. In HCC cells, TIF1γ played a dual role: It promoted tumor growth in early-stage HCC, but not in advanced-stage HCC, whereas it inhibited invasion and metastasis in both early- and advanced-stage HCC. Mechanistically, we confirmed that TIF1γ inhibited transforming growth factor-β/ Drosophila mothers against decapentaplegic protein (TGF-β/Smad) signaling through monoubiquitination of Smad4 and suppressed the formation of Smad2/3/4 complex in HCC cells. TGF-β-inducing cytostasis and metastasis were both inhibited by TIF1γ in HCC. We further proved that TIF1γ suppressed cyotstasis-related TGF-β/Smad downstream c-myc down-regulation, as well as p21/cip1 and p15/ink4b up-regulation in early-stage HCC. Meanwhile, TGF-β inducible epithelial-mesenchymal transition and TGF-β/Smad downstream metastatic cascades, including phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten down-regulation, chemokine (CXC motif) receptor 4 and matrix metalloproteinase 1 induction, and epidermal growth factor receptor- and protein kinase B-signaling transactivation, were inhibited by TIF1γ. In addition, we found that the down-regulation of TIF1γ in HCC was caused by hypermethylation of CpG islands in the TIF1γ promoter, and demonstrated that the combination of TIF1γ and phosphorylated Smad2 was a more powerful predictor of poor prognosis. Conclusion: TIF1γ regulates tumor growth and metastasis through inhibition of TGF-β/Smad signaling and may serve as a novel prognostic biomarker in HCC. (Hepatology 2014;60:1620-1636) © 2014 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

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